How Does Paid Employment Affect a Person’s Identity? Identity is a word with a lot of meanings. It is the totality of a person’s self, ideas, personality as well as physical traits. It is the manifestation or the persistence of an immaterial soul, irreducible and not easily analysed (Paul, Miller and Paul, 2005)…
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Our identity also changes as our surroundings and our roles in it changes, which then translates that it is also what we chose to prioritise, what we rationally chose to fulfil, and what we may prefer to be concerned about (Martin and Barresi, 2003). In another setting, different kinds of people can come together under one larger and unified group that has similar visions and goals. Often called the organisation, it is both an entity and a concept in itself, which links together identity, power, inequality, freedom and knowledge all under a conceptual framework (Knights and Willmott, 2007). The behaviour and interaction of people working within an organisation is called organisational behaviour. It addresses broadly the interaction of people within all types of organisations like business, government, university and service organisations (Singh, 2010). To understand how an individual would behave in a group setting, there is no magic bullet to solve all kinds of organisational kinds. Also, humans have different identities, which would make the study of organisational behaviour even more erratic and unpredictable, hence the need for a multidisciplinary approach which borrows ideas from behavioural sciences, management and other disciplines (Singh, 2010 and Knights and Willmott, 2007). For example, an individual can be studied without considering the organization. But because the organization influences and is influenced by the individual, there is also the need to study something about the organization (Knights and Willmott, 2007). Organizations influence more or less the lives of many people. They provide rules and regulations (governments), source of income (workplace), where individuals are raised and trained (schools, universities), among others (Griffin and Moorhead, 2010). We can also have multiple roles in different organizations (consumers, employees, suppliers, students, owners, etc.). For that, the study of organizational behaviour is deemed important. In an organization, there are employment relations, hierarchy, a division of labor, as well as a degree of permanence or continuity (Knights and Willmott, 2007). Knowing what a person’s role would be in an organization would dictate his or her roles, which would more or less be the same with persons of the same rank in the ladder. The formation of small groups within an organization helps in affirming the roles of members within a particular rank. It also has a powerful effect on the morale, attitude, motivation and work performance of the group members (Singh, 2010). Members of a group associate themselves with their group and this shapes their attitude and behaviour with regards to the organisation. The formation of such groups, when fully harnessed by the top management, will provide the necessary workforce that would have highly effective members with high performance goals. Thus, the participation in such organisations by individuals with different roles would help in developing and confirming their sense of identity within the group (Knights and Willmott, 2007, and Singh, 2010). In an organizational setting, many cultures and ideas are often taught to all, if not most members. For example, a culture of autonomy implemented in a certain workplace could give a sense of empowerment for their employees since they experience a sense of discretion or freedom
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13). However, as time passes by many aspects of our lives change and it becomes necessary to reshape our identity. In modern times, there are advancements in technology, increased mobility and unemployment leading to lack of clear categories for identification and therefore the dialectic has been in favour of paid employment especially due to the protestant work ethic.
In the present generation, the identity of a person not only depends upon the class or race from which he belongs, but also on his level of income which is guided by the factor of employment (Stetes & Burke,2000,pp.224-237). The paper analyzes various theories and also incorporates the personally held values and beliefs.
One’s identity is frequently theorized either as an individual (personal identity) or as a group (social identity) (Cote & Levine, 2002, p. 23). Personal identity can be described as the organization of one’s perceptions and individual evaluations that are important to them, with regard to individual concepts, image, or self-esteem.Social identity is described as the way an individual is viewed by others (Woodward, 2004, p.
When asked who they are person may say that “I am a doctor” or an engineer and so on. Identity is a distinctive feature of a person or a group of people that set him or them apart from others. Personal identity entails individuality, self esteem and self image.
This paper is primarily based on discussing if paid employment affects the workers’ identities or not, in what ways, and also the factors influencing those identities within the organizational setup. The way a worker perceives his or her identity in response to the type of employment he or she is engaged with influences the organizational behavior displayed by him or her.
Experts have all weighed in and published many books and articles to warn the populace just how damaging such a life actually is and how it could change the person’s identity. On US television, there are at least five syndicated health shows on every day and there are even entire networks dedicated to the subject.
Without the capacity to pay, we soon lack things basic for survival. Thus, money can literally be said to save lives. Individuals’ level of income is a major determinant of health, both proximal and distal, because the rich can
The issue of paid employment is very much vital or important towards the employees particularly as a source of income. Work is also important to the employees as a means of identity. The relationship employment is very important not only in terms of
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