Bribery cross Cultures - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Bribery Article # 1 - Bribery cross Cultures The article focuses on the recent bribery scandal of UK based publisher Macmillan in Sudan. The company officials recently accepted that they had bribed government officials in Sudan to get a multi million-dollar education project…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Bribery cross Cultures
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Bribery cross Cultures"

Download file to see previous pages However, the same is not true for all cultures. In countries such as China, Russia, Mexico, India and others bribes are a part of everyday business, on the other hand, countries such as “Netherlands, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland, and others rank the lowest in this list” (Supraner, 2010). Furthermore, the probability of occurrence of bribery related incidents is most likely in sector such as real estate, property development, oil and gas, construction, manufacturing, mining and public sector contracts. Furthermore, it appears that countries with particularistic cultures, which believe more in flexibility and adaption of rules according to situation, are more likely to accept and rationalize bribers. However, countries with universalistic cultures, which believe that rules and regulations should remain the same for all and under all circumstances, are more likely to resist bribes and see it as unethical (Supraner, 2010). Since the perceptions about bribery differ with cultures it presents a great ethical challenge for companies to work in different cultures with satisfying their clients and preserving their ethical principles at the same time. Nevertheless, a prevailing culture of bribery in any country does not provide a rationalization of engaging in the practice (Supraner, 2010). Article # 2 - Shell Bribes Among Culture of Corruption,' Panalpina Admits During the fall of 2010, “Shell and five other companies paid 236.5 million US dollars to the United States Department of Justice and Securities and Exchange Commission due to the charges of corruption” (Voreacos & Calkins, 2010). Company officials agreed in front of the jury that during the period of 2002-2007, they paid thousands of dollars in bribes in “Angola, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Kazakhstan, Nigeria, Russia, and Turkmenistan” (Voreacos & Calkins, 2010). These bribes were paid to avoid custom processes, quick processing, and brining counter band drugs and arms in these countries. Surprisingly, the top management of the company and majority of the employees were involved in these practices. Furthermore, these bribes were not a matter of one or two events but bribes were being paid to highest government officials as “gifts” so that they would preference to the clients and documents of Shell and Panalpina. Working in these countries for so many years, Panalpina had created 160 terms of bribes such as evacuations”, “export formalities”, sunshine” and “black cash” (Voreacos & Calkins, 2010). Despite the fact that these companies, which also include “Pride International, Transocean, Tidewater, Noble and GlobalSantaFe” (Voreacos & Calkins, 2010), accepted their wrong doings but they also admitted that in the absence of these bribes, doing business in those countries becomes impossible. In short, the article stresses on the point that there are countries where bribe is a norm and even worse, a need. In the absence of the same, officials would deliberately try to put barriers in your way of business to force you to pay bribes. They would create an environment to trouble or woo away the customers thus leaving the company with no choice except for paying the money to those people, in order to ensure its survival (Voreacos & Calkins, 2010). Article # 3 – Corruption across Borders As the world economy and business markets are becoming global, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Bribery cross Cultures Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/management/1423973-bribery
(Bribery Cross Cultures Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/management/1423973-bribery.
“Bribery Cross Cultures Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1423973-bribery.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
vj
vjast added comment 2 months ago
Student rated this paper as
At first, I thought 3 of pages is too much for such a issue. But now I see it could not be done better. As the author starts you see the depth of the topic. I’ve read all at once. Terrific research

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Bribery cross Cultures

Bribery - Analysis of Articles

...?Bribery – analysis of articles The three articles analyzed in this paper focus on bribery, as a phenomenon continuously expanded in countries worldwide. Two of the articles – the one of Martin, Cullen, Johnson (2007) and the one of Segon and Booth (2010) – refer to bribery as a business problem, while the third one – this of Hunt and Laszlo (2009) – refer to bribery as a social behavior. More specifically, in the study of Martin, Cullen and Johnson (2007) reference is made to the role of cultural influences in the development of bribery as a business practice; the empirical research developed on this issue – with the participation of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Bribery and Scandals

...Bribery and scandals Bribery has always been seen as an unethical practice and no one in their right moral sense would endorse it. But bribery like abortion is a very complex subject and a clear line between what's right and wrong may not even exist. Hence to identify when bribery is actually unethical and when it is not, we need to define bribery properly. "Common law defines bribery as "a receipt of anything of value where the intent is to influence" someone "in his official capacity."" (Mintz, 1996) If the intent of giving "gifts" was clearly to influence someone to receive favors then the act is certainly bribery and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Bribery and Serving Public

.... They viewed bribery as an integral part of international business culture, particularly in developing countries, to be accepted as any other necessary evil. Some countries even allowed bribes as legitimate income tax deductions. Other competitors felt that, while admirable, U.S. measures were not something they could afford to imitate in a highly competitive global market. Still others took the view that bribery was caused by demand from the payee--not the payor--and that prevention of bribes in foreign developing countries was the responsibility of authorities in those countries. How great a threat anti-bribery compliance poses to business relationships remains...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Bribery at Siemens

...Bribery at Siemens Bribery is considered to be the breaking of law in all countries around the world; they may be developed or under developed. Bribery can be succinctly defined as the condition on which an individual or any business entity can dictate their amount of money they require from the interested party. In multinational organizations, the concept of bribery is taken as a common attitude and they justify it on several grounds. They take the cost of bribery as a normal business cost. This case deals with the Siemens organization accusing them for bribery practices taking place within their organization by the top management level...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Siemens bribery scandal

...with other private sector companies to work in collaboration, we can start putting pressure on governments to help lower their risk of corruption.” (Hershman cited in Kessler, 2012). Concluding, the processes of check and balance were extremely feeble and this helped the processing of payments. The corporate culture of Siemens has derogated to the level that it is not only tolerant of such acts of bribery, but also encourages the staff to indulge in such acts as a symbol of their loyalty with the company. It is clear that the company did not mind paying money as part of the tax-deductable counseling contracts, though lack of an adequate system of check and balance enabled the personnel to pay money on...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Managing across cultures- Cross cultural observation

...Managing Across Cultures: Cross-Cultural Observation Introduction In terms of development as a person, humans are first members of a family, and then members of a community, and then members of a particular culture, class, ethnicity, gender, and even religion. As the world becomes more and more diverse, the need for cultural awareness and responsiveness become more and more important. Cross-cultural understanding is not merely about tolerance of the differences of each culture. It is about opening opportunities for the development and nurture of these cultures to allow them to flourish...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Business and international bribery

...to the case law U.S. v. Weatherford International Ltd., No. 13-cr-733 (S.D. Tex. 2013) (Baughn, 19 & Pacini, 545). Whether or Not This US Bribing Restriction Puts the US at an Unfair Disadvantage to Doing Business Abroad According to Lane and Simpson, There are indicators that attest to the adding power of the FCPA Act and the legal proscription of bribery by US multinationals. One of the values that the FCPA Act brings is its ability to rein in corruption and to protect meritocratic capitalism. The crux of the matter herein is that corruption [which bribery is a form of] undermines meritocratic capitalism by un-evening the playing field; subverting proper and legitimate functions of institutions;...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Fraud, Murder and Bribery

...Murder-Fraud Today in many countries around the world, issues of fraud, murder and bribery seems to be more pervasive and increasingly acceptable. Laws in such countries are bending so as to benefit bureaucrats in the name of ‘promoting’ business. These unethical practices in business seem to be escalating in recent decades due laxity in formulating proper laws to curb the vices. For instance, there have been many occasions where government and other tenders are offered in dubious means leaving the international community wondering whether it is the new trend of doing business. Due to these developing trends, understanding where they exists, why they exists, and how they affects American companies are important to U.S. The other... ....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Case Study Bribery

...Case study bribery Case study 18: Managing the Risk of Global Bribery in Business Differences between theprovisions of the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices (FCPA) Act and the United Kingdom Bribery Act The UK bribery Act is more consolidated and broad in nature than the FCPA since the FCPA focuses on the bribery of public officials unlike the UK bribery Act that covers all forms of bribery including bribery of private individuals. The bribery Act goes further to ban the actual or attempted bribery of individuals and also the receipt of bribes unlike FCPA that has no such provisions and covers only active bribery. The bribery Act creates a corporate offence which is a strict liability offence for corporations that fail... in...
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework

Case Study: Bribery

...Lecturer: Bribery in Business Bribery is the act of giving cash or other gifts in order to acquire an illegal advantage. In business bribery is used to facilitate a company or an individual to offer some preferred treatment. Bribery is a widespread activity that destructs the competition between different business institutions. Many societies have considered business an unfair way of conducting business. This has led to the adoption of anti-bribery and committees fighting against corruption. The policies implemented by these anti-corruption institutions mean nothing if they are not implemented. Bribery is done differently in different...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Bribery cross Cultures for FREE!

Contact Us