The researcher of this present paper has looked at change management from essentialist, constructionist, and participative perspectives. The essentialist perspective advances that personality is fixed and permanent while learning is a personal activity…
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The essay discusses that social constructionists as a mechanism for examining the lives of individuals vary from the essentialists’ perception. According to the essentialists’ view, someone is perceived as “is lazy” whereas the same would be perceived as “being lazy” by the constructionist view. This implies that the essentialists refer to individuals as having a personality that is fixed, while the social constructionist, on the other hand, would suggest that an individual would change his or her personality depending on the circumstance or condition one finds him/herself in. The social constructionist perspective teaches people that the way in which they perceive the world ought to be unbiased. Presently, most individuals’ view about the world is based on the grounds of their previous experiences and knowledge. In fact, what exists within the world is only what individuals perceive to be in existence. Words by themselves only imply that anything means nothing on its own until people attach a discourse to it. The social (relational) constructionist perspective is a practical-theoretical range of understandings, which informs research, consulting and writing activities of different scholars and writers. A big number of consultants, researchers, as well as therapists perceive themselves as taking some form of social constructionist view although the concept of “social constructionism” has a variety of meanings. However, all constructionists share a deep emphasis on language with communication contrasting with more emphasis being upon language as presented. Besides, communication is perceived as constructed processes or products; in centering communal or individual construction processes; as well as in the importance given to the knower’s participation fact in those processes. Assumptions: The social constructivism and social constructionist perspectives are sociological knowledge theories, which consider the way in which objects of consciousness or social phenomena develop in the social contexts. Social construct or construction is a practice or concept, which is a particular group’s construct. When something is said to be socially constructed, the focus is on its reliance on the group’s social selves’ contingent variables instead of any intrinsic quality it possesses within itself. Reality, learning, and knowledge are the key underlying assumptions upon which social constructionists perspective is typically based on. Strengths: The social constructionist view perceives all things as being social constructions; all things are metaphysical. This does not imply that the perspective views the external world as having unreal beings in a non-reality. On the contrary, it proposes that real and unreal notions are social constructs by themselves making the query of whether there exist anything real subject of social convention.
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“Change Management from Essentialist, Constructionist, and Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/management/1395500-change-management-from-essentialist-constructionist-and-participative-perspectives.
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