This research aims to study the differences in the two locations, in here Tokyo and Beijing chosen for the study, with a perspective of the international management of human resources, focusing on the employers and labor relations and other human resources practices prevalent in the two cities. …
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The paper tells that different countries and different cities represent different forms of organizational structures, values and principles. If two different cities in a particular region are studied from a human resources (HR) perspective, several differences would be observed. If China and Japan are taken for a detailed study, it would be observed that their cultures and practices have enabled these countries to establish their position in the world market and are now become mass producers of different products. Tokyo, the capital of Japan, portrays the growth of a “small fishing village into a major global city”. The Second World War had damaged key parts of the city; however gradually with time, the city represented economic development between 1950 and 1960. From the year 1970, the development of the city was moving at an increasing rate and presently it is one of the “most developed countries” globally. Although the global recession had affected the businesses of Tokyo as well, the economy of the city developed again reflecting new developments and relevant cultural practices. Several developments in the urban areas have also been achieved by the city in the last few years. Management in Japan has been found to be robustly associated with the cultural practices that are followed by the country. The country’s distinct human resources practices form a strong support for the development of the country. The origins of Beijing, which is the capital city of the People’s Republic of China, can be traced back to around 2000 years ago; however, with the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the city was formed as the capital of the country. Representing the history of China, Beijing today possesses the civilization of 3000 years, at the same time changing and modifying towards glowing “beauty and youth” (History, 2011). The city has been developing all over these years in respects of its cultures, values as well as business practices. The management practices of the city reflect focus on the cultural artifacts, monuments and parks, and have been developing roads, transport, and water supply; the intentions being stressed on bringing peace and unity to China. Focus on industrial development also gradually has been taken concern of by the city (Haw, 2007, p.113). This research aims to study the differences in the two locations, in here Tokyo and Beijing chosen for the study, with a perspective of the international management of human resources, focusing on the employers and labor relations and other human resources practices prevalent in the two cities. A study on Tokyo and Beijing from International Management of Human Resources Perspective: Need or Availability of Talent for Accomplishment of Future Goals: China reflects a scenario where the business managers have to incorporate changes in their organizational practices without affecting the cultural values of the country. It is a great challenge for the managers to recruit, retain and develop talent keeping respect for the influences that culture may have in the nation’s characteristics. Leaders of Chinese companies that include companies in Beijing are focused towards retaining talent that can work in teams and achieve organizational success. The labor market is highly competitive, thus creating competitions among businesses in searching for best talents. Finding and retaining the “right people” is given high importance by the organizational leaders in China (Leadership in China: Keeping Pace with a growing economy, n.d., pp. 5-6). Thus Beijing’s need and availability of talented workforce can be understood from the perspective of China’s business environment. Considering Japan and its capital Tokyo, a UN study has reflected that the population of Japan getting aged in a fast pace has formed a requirement of lakh of immigrants that is expected to
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