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The Effect of AIDS on South Africa and Its Economy - Case Study Example

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"The Effect of AIDS on South Africa and Its Economy" paper examines what South Africa’s economy was like before the AIDS epidemic and how it has been shaped and damaged by the epidemic. South Africa is the richest country in Africa, and one with some of the strongest economic institutions…
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The Effect of AIDS on South Africa and Its Economy
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Download file to see previous pages It has exacerbated problems in already creaking and underfunded healthcare systems and has created a generation of orphans. Few countries have been as badly affected as South Africa. Indeed, the story of South Africa’s AIDS epidemic is all the more tragic as it provides an unfortunate counterpoint to the hopes and dreams of a nation that ended the terrible policy of apartheid in 1994 believing that anything was possible. Sadly, the challenge of AIDS immediately faced South Africa’s leaders: there was no honeymoon period. While the epidemic has devastated the population—around 5.5 million people are currently infected—costs that cannot be measured, even quantifiable data related to the economy show how horrible AIDS has been to South Africa. Economic indicators measure average income, productivity, and growth, for example AIDS is affecting all of these. Indeed, because the disease disproportionately affects those who are sexually active—i.e. young people—it has begun to skew South Africa’s demographics: those people who should be in the prime of their lives, and most economically productive, are dying or being impaired by the disease. It is difficult to overstate the severe impact of AIDS on South Africa’s economy. 

The last 50 years have been very difficult for the country and its population. One of the most important features of the country is its multi-ethnic nature. There are Africans of many different tribes but there are also white settlers from the Netherlands and England, as well as a significant Asian population, as well as any number of people who come from mixed ancestry. This is complexity makes South Africa somewhat unique and also makes it more difficult to solve problems where each group is a significant stakeholder.1

Although settled as a trading country, the path South Africa’s leaders chose in the 1960s laid down a very painful road for the nation. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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