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Leninism, Keynesianism and Neo-Liberalism - Coursework Example

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This coursework "Leninism, Keynesianism and Neo-Liberalism" focuses on Leninism, Keynesianism and Neo-Liberalism, the three economic determinist theories which help to explain the nature of economic relations and political practices typical for the modern states. …
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Leninism, Keynesianism and Neo-Liberalism
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Download file to see previous pages Either type of doctrine is deterministic and either become a science when its reprojection or projection is so abstract that it is applicable to a wide range of perceived and conceived events.
Leninism was the dominant ideology in the USSR. This theory was developed by Lenin and discussed in his work “What is to be done” (1902). This theory is based on the Marxism perspectives and was embodied in the Soviet world view (Carew 1963). The determinist element of this theory is that Leninism as social and political theory seeks to explain the course of human history and the structure of past, present, and future societies: it postulates a model of society and an explanation of the nature of social change. There are many interpretations of Leninism as a doctrine or theory of society. Lenin devised tactics for the Russian working class to achieve and maintain political power (Harding, 1977). Leninism, after Marxism, provides a second major ingredient of Soviet political ideology. It has three main elements: the theory of the party, the theory of evolution and the theory of imperialism (Carew 1963).
According to Lenin, under Russian conditions in the early twentieth century, the Russian working class would not spontaneously develop into a revolutionary body. Many workers, not seeing their long-term interests, would concentrate on short-term trade-union economistic activity confined to marginal improvements in wages and conditions (Harding, 1977). Those convinced of the need for revolutionary action should be organized in a revolutionary party, with disciplined and dedicated leaders and members, to lead the working class. Originally, the main reasons for firm leadership and strict discipline and limited party membership were the conditions in which the social-democrats had to operate in pre-revolutionary Russia. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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