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Marine biodiversity conservation - Essay Example

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An impure public good is a good that has characteristics of both private and public goods through being non-excludable and non-rival, but not fully (Cornes, 487). This is because consumption of the good by an individual does not exclude other people from consuming the good and…
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Marine biodiversity conservation
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Download file to see previous pages The main externalities from impure goods are:
Limit to growth problems: some impure goods are non-replenishable and could fall within a given geographical area posing problems that influence the whole world or the region for example forests, natural gas, and endangered species of plants and animals. In this regard, exploitation of these natural resources in a given country have to take into consideration externality effects beyond the borders otherwise result in international tension as exemplified by the Arab Israel conflict through the sharing of water from the Golan Heights and Mount Sinai.
More benefits than the costs: the payment for an impure good does not cover the positive effects of having the good for example payment to visit a park are minimal for payment of benefits delivered by the park. This shows that impure public goods have more positive externality than negative.
There are three main technologies for the supply of public goods for analysis in this study, which are additive, weakest link and best shot impure goods supply technologies. There are factors that affect supply of impure public goods like marine biodiversity due to the characteristics they posses. There is a need to ensure socially efficient supply of impure public goods like marine biodiversity, but currently there is undersupply. Marine biodiversity conservation is an important factor to the local and the international environment and there has to be participation between more than one country for the realization of the optimal supply amount for the benefit of the current and the future generations. This is due to the benefits of marine biodiversity conservation that span beyond the national borders opening the need for the collaboration between national, regional, and global partners for the conservation of marine biodiversity.
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