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Population increase/explosion in developing countries contributes to problems such as malnutrition and poverty but does not have much negative effects in developed countries as they are well endowed with several resources. On the other hand, population decrease in developing countries can be seen as a blessing as it would boost the capacity of available limited resources and opportunities to cater for the needs of the population, but in highly industrialized countries it will be seen as a curse because of shrinking available workforce. This paper investigates problems of population explosion in India suggesting ways that can be used to control it.
According to Webster’s dictionary, population is defined as the whole number of inhabitants or people in a given country whereas population explosion is pyramiding of numbers of a natural population. Population change is mainly influenced by death rate, birth rate and migration. Increase in birth rate and migration increase population whereas increase in death rate reduces population. Thus, population is calculated by subtracting a sum of deaths and emigration from a sum of births and immigration. Effects of population growth in India include increased environmental population, increased unemployment and illiteracy levels and increased depletion of resources.
Increased environment pollution has resulted from increased establishment of more factories to satisfy the needs of the people in the country. When the fossil fuels are burnt to generate energy required by the increased factories, green house gases such as carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere contributing to air pollution and global warming. Also, the factories discharge their industrial wastes into rivers. Equally, the increasing numbers of people exert pressure on the available natural resources; water resources are over-utilized, forest cover
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Sault Ste. Marie is one of the oldest cities in the United States where the river below the rapids serves as the main source of food for the natives as well as the tribes who migrated in the area during the peak fishing season. Currently, the Sault Ste. Marie continues to be one of the world-class spots for sport fishing.
The people move from one country to another mainly in large group or also in smaller groups. The people who shift their place of habitat are said to migrate and they are called immigrants. There may be several causes that that lead to the activities of migration.
One of the major contributing factors for the rise in urbanization is the population growth which has shown an exponential increase over the past 50 years. The main attributing factors are the higher birth rate which is termed as the natural increase and population migration from one region to another (World Population Growth).
Thomas Malthus argued that population growth has negative impacts on the environment. Sustainability is greatly threatened by impacts of humans on the ecosystem. In the perspective of neo-Malthusians, population size, growth,
e not a passing occurrence, and enhance the economic growth because they benefit from the increased concentration of talented workers who are willing to invest vastly in the cities. Cities that which are polycentric and well managed have invested heavily in the infrastructure
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