In the paper “Health Economics: Plain Packaging of Cigarettes” the author analyses attempts of several counties to reduce the number of smokers. The plain packaging of cigarettes is another attempt to reduce the number of smokers…
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The packaging should be done with a plain brown cover with the name of the brand printed in a uniform style in a predetermined size. Thus there is very little flexibility on part of the companies in presenting the products to the end users. Along with that the packs also contain mandated information about the ill effects of the product and the legal disclosures like the tax stamps.
This concept of plain packaging had been proposed in countries like New Zealand, Canada and Australia since the end of 1980s (Voon, Mitchell, and Liberman, 2012, p. 12). These attempts were taken with the main motive of reducing the amount of consumption of tobacco in the countries. There have been various researches done during these years to determine the outcome of the introduction of plain packaging of tobacco products. Australia being the pioneer of this concept was the first country to introduce the concept (Shanahan and Elliott, 2009, p. 182).
The removal of the branding removes the attractiveness of the product and therefore discourages the smokers to consume the product. Thus the removal of branding has an effect that a taxation of product would have on the product.
For any normal good, the change in the price of the product will have an effect on the quantity of the product consumed. When the prices increase people would consume less of that product. This is however not true in case of products which are addictive in nature. Even through the prices increase the quantity of the products consumed would not decrease. Thus the price elasticity of demand for the products would be zero.
The economics of the plain packaging has been explained with the help of the following graphs.
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It was published on March 1, 2011; exactly a year after the Australian government increased the taxation on cigarettes and vowed to legislate for the plain packaging of cigarettes in order to deter its use. (Greenblat 2011) Introduction: The Australian government was wary of high smoking rates among its citizens.
According to the part D of the Act, Health Savings Accounts should include the prescription drugs and doctor visits. However, due to the complexity of its implementation, Health Savings Accounts was only in application from 2005. The Health Savings Accounts has a high-deductible health plan and enjoys tax benefits.
The above analysis is a clear evidence of how the writer has overlooked the possible risks and gone ahead to write on a critical and controversial issue. In the article, the writer confidently takes strong grounds to support the opinions he has regarding cigarette smoking. Smoking as a subject has been discussed in several publications like books and peer-reviewed journals.
In most of the societies in the world it is considered to be having ill effects on the health as well as the environment and thus people are asked to avoid smoking as much as possible. Several countries have made attempts to reduce the number of smokers. The plain packaging of cigarettes is another attempt to reduce the number of smokers.
The main feature of Community Engagement Activity is to engage oneself into the act of forming effective relationship with the community members (Redland City Council, 2006).
Furthermore, the other characteristic of Community Engagement Activity is that it is an
The argument that smoking is good for your health is often ill advice to the society, as it seeks to retain consumers whilst absorbing others into the consumption of the product. Advertisements used to reach consumers, depict the illusions that one derives on smoking a
There have been researches on both positive and negative effects of the plain tobacco packaging law in Australia. Besides, there are technical analyses of facts for and against the legislation. Although critics of the law highlight its health implications, proponents of
Some harmful wastes should be incinerated. Most waste materials come from construction sites while others come from the household. Wastes such as carbon dioxide lead to global warming and threatens lives (Walker 45).
Wastes such as construction materials should
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