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Economics of the environment - Essay Example

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The changes are caused by natural variability due to the interactions within the atmosphere like changes in solar radiation. Also, the human induced changes like greenhouse gases release carbon dioxide and…
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Economics of the environment
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Economics of the environment

Download file to see previous pages... Pollutants causing the creation of ozone include volatile compounds and nitrogen oxides that come from industries. Once the pollutants are in the atmosphere, ozone, which is a potent greenhouse gas, is formed. The impact of ozone cannot be underestimated. Plants are animal life are destroyed since ozone reduces the rate of photosynthesis. As a result, the atmosphere will contain too much carbon dioxide.
Statistics indicate that number of people living in extreme poverty has risen at an enhanced rate than the increase in income levels. Despite the impressive economic growth rates, some countries like Asia Pacific have not been able to reduce poverty. However, some countries like East Asia have grown and transformed economically. Ironically, the largest people living in poverty are found in these regions. South Asia, particularly, is the poorest in the world. Most people in these areas lack access to sanitation, education and the basic needs. The increased poverty goes hand in hand with the global inequality. In mid 20th century, international community responded to the issue of poverty by enhancing the structural adjustment, post-war reconstruction and campaigns for equality in economic growth (Fenwick et al.1029-030).
The cost benefit analysis involves compiling the costs and benefits of a project, and translating them to monetary terms then discounting them over time. This enhances the determination of the present value for future costs and benefits. Projects with more benefits than costs are the ones that are accepted. The environmental benefits are unavailable, yet the costs remain known. This is controversial when determining what to measure and the values being measured. The economic analysis requires a good understanding of the effects of the project (Pimentel 229-52).
Taking the cost analysis of the Millennium Development Goals in poverty eradication, there are different strategies that have been put ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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