Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Alternative Theory to Johanson and Vahlnes Uppsala Model - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
This essay describes the process of internationalization, that is a phenomenon which is increasingly on the rise both as a market policy and as an academic research area. The researcher focuses on the comparison of Oviatt and Mcdougall’s theory and Vahlne’s Uppsala model…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Alternative Theory to Johanson and Vahlnes Uppsala Model
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Alternative Theory to Johanson and Vahlnes Uppsala Model"

Download file to see previous pages This essay discusses the field of internationalisation, that has a come a long way from the initial concepts of internationalization process theory, which were based on firms demonstarting Internationalization in a slow and rather incremental manner. Since there has been enough time to analyse and study the critical assumptions underlying these internationalization process models, and to empirically examine the concept, several paradoxes and disagreements have now emerged relating to them. Exhaustive evaluations of these export stage models have questioned their sufficiency and impressed the need for novel idead. The consequent result was the theory of development of international new ventures that from their inception, engage in international business. However, time and changing industry trends have witnessed further modifications and perhaps evolution of the definition of this concept. A most contemporary definition is provided by much more widely-accepted and comprehensive definitions of International Entrepreneurship McDougall and Oviatt. To quote the last of them international enterpreneurship would be “the process of creatively discovering and exploiting opportunities that lie outside a firm’s domestic markets in the pursuit of competitive advantage” It is concluded then thus each theory has made a significant contribution to the research on the area, it has led to the evolution of a multidimensional conceptualisation of diversified list of frameworks and co-existent effective approaches.
...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Essay”, n.d.)
Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Essay. Retrieved from
(Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures Is an Essay)
Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures Is an Essay.
“Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures Is an Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Alternative Theory to Johanson and Vahlnes Uppsala Model

Lewin Theory Force-Field Model

He also argued that in order to realize desired change, the change agents should suppress the restraining forces but promote the driving forces of change. This model has been widely used in the health sector to introduce and implement change. Developing nursing theory of change from Lewin (1951), Force-Field Model, and its application in the medical/surgical floor. Change is a common occurrence in our society and natural environment all over the world. It is a common saying that the only permanent phenomenon is change. Change generally means the alteration of something or an organism in any of its aspects. For example, when one alters his or her behavior for any reason, then that is change. Since change is a very important phenom...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

International Trade Theory & Policy

... International Trade Theory & Policy Question The GAAT was a multilateral agreement that was established between countries in 1947, which sought to effect a reduction in tariffs and other trade barriers that could hinder the effective undertaking of trade between countries. GAAT also sought to eliminate regional preferences and thus create a trading environment where all the countries were better placed to undertake trade with each other, without unnecessary prohibitions (GATT, 12). The enactment of this agreement occurred in six rounds, where different aspects of the agreement were agreed, until the final round when all the agreements were then consolidate to form the final agreements, which lasted until 1994, when they GAAT...
3 Pages (750 words) Term Paper

Financing new ventures

This product solution allowed large scale manufacturers of state-of-the-art very large scale integrated circuit (VLSI) manufacturers to monitor, test, and validate the mechanical and structural integrity of their production as part of essential manufacturing quality control procedures. Maintaining a leadership position in the ATE industry was management's main strategic vision. As a company, STC's primary mission and goal of management was to grow and be known as the global leader in designing innovative new testing technologies and providing integrated quality management systems for electronic equipment and components manufacturers (Missionstatements, 2013). As a direct consequence of their objectives the company required to inv...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

International relation theory

... international system with a rational decision and preferences of the states. Neo-liberalism contends that international institutions can successfully pave a way for the states to cooperate in the international system. “Institutions exert a causal force on international relations, shaping state preferences and locking them in to cooperative arrangements.” (Dunne 2005, p.195). In the film, Lord of the Flies, the director makes sense of a new world that is created by the boys in the lost island. He also shows how the change in the new world affects the boys’ tendency towards survival, authority and power. This film could be attributed with the neo-realist theory of international relations as it holds various elements that are concerned...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

International Marketing - Theory

... is integrated. Applying this model on Dell Inc., we see that Dell Inc. follows cost leadership strategy. what Dell Inc. does is that it waits and waits and does not enters the market with a new or innovative product as it is a technology follower not a technology innovator like 3M. When the new product enters into the market and people get familiar and learn to use it, then Dell Inc. introduces its product who has a low cost as compared to industry average because the firm follows just in time (JIT) techniques which reduces inventory costs (Lamb 2007). In differentiation strategy a firm basically does something different which no body is doing at the moment. In this way a firm clearly makes its self stand out of the league of other firms...
10 Pages (2500 words) Essay

International Relations Theory

... Institutionalism," International Organization, Vol. 42, No. 3 ( Summer 1988), pp. 485-507. Morgenthau, Hans. Power Among Nations. New York: Knopf, 1964. Page 4. Rosenau, James and Mary Durfee. Thinking Theory Thoroughly: Coherent Approaches to an Incoherent World. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000. Page 11. Tellis, Ashley J. "Reconstructing Political Realism: The Long March to Scientific Theory," pp. 3-100, in Benjamin Frankel, ed., The Roots of Realism ( London: Frank Cass, 1996). Thucydides. The Peloponnesian War, trans. Rex Warner. ( New York: Penguin, 1978), p. 402....
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

International Theory

s came about, and two of these theories emerged to what we presently know as the English School and the Classical Liberalism theories in international relations. These theories shall be discussed and differentiated in this paper.
Classical liberalism believes that if people are given as much freedom as possible, the principles of authoritarianism shall eventually fade away, democracy shall have a chance to emerge, and wars will eventually cease to exist. Classical liberalism in international relations has four main beliefs. First and foremost, classical liberalists believe that peace can best be achieved through the more widespread application of democratic principles. Classical liberalism prescribes to the notion of insti...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

The connectionist model theory

... Lexically independent priming in online sentence comprehension Matthew J. Traxler Year of publication: 2008 of journal: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Volume # of journal: 15(1) Page numbers: 149-155 URL: Abstract: Two eye-tracking experiments investigated what happens when people read pairs of sentences that have the same syntactic structure. Previous experiments have shown priming in online sentence processing only when critical lexical material overlaps between the prime and the target sentence. In the current study, participants were asked to read sentences containing modifier–goal ambiguities. Half of the target sentences were preceded by sentences with the same... Lexically...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

CCI - Exploiting new ventures

...CCI - Exploiting new ventures Business, Essay [Pick the CCI - Exploiting new ventures It appears quite straight forward to start up a business but the real challenge lies in facing and surviving through the aggressive and ruthless competition while satisfying customers demands and needs and stimulating constant and continual development and augmentation throughout the years. The reasons for novel business starts are multifaceted and intricate and there is an amalgamation of factors that put in value to venture conception and creation in the business. There may be various types of business ventures but they all conclude into three main categories: In-company ventures Joint ventures Spin out ventures In-company Ventures: In company...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

International trade theory

... International trade theory and policy Several theories have been in put in place by governments in trying to enhance the economic stability of their nations. Some of the theories such as Mercantilism explain how excessive exports lead to inflation. On the other hand, if a country imports more than what it produces then, the prices of such commodities goes down resulting into economic imbalance and this lowers the living standard (Pomfret 107). Based on the theory of absolute advantage, Adam Smith clarified that, it is possibility for a country to make higher production than an opponent given same condition. Therefore, a country should only specialize in the production of its efficient commodity. Interpreting this account...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

...Overview of Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice Luke 4:16-21 The foundation moment in Christian preaching is written in Luke4:16-21, when Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth and stood up to read the scroll of the prophet Isaiah “and he begun by saying to them, ‘today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’”. (Luke 4:21) Upon the ripening of time, Jesus stood at that moment as the prophetic speaker proclaiming God’s scriptural Word, declaring the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah in his person. He spoke in revelation of the fulfillment of written words to a congregation, laying down the foundation of Christian preaching that has since been the basic implement in the sustenance and propagation...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

A Six Stage Model of the Innovation Process

This paper will focus on the relationship and impact and innovation will have on politics. The backbone of the paper will be the strong opinion of Professor Langdon Winner who teaches at the Department of Science and Technology Studies. He has said that “technical things have political qualities” and this paper will base its study on this. “Langdon Winner is a political theorist who focuses on social and political issues that surround modern technological change.” (Brief Biography). When undertaking a serious study of the topic, so many theories and assumptions also begin to emerge that are related to the topic. They include concepts like SCOT, Actor-Network Theory, determinism, closure, and other related f...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

The French New Wave

..., 1989 7) Kolker Philip Robert, Altering Eye, Contemporary International Cinema, Oxford University Press, New York, 1983 8) Gow Gordon, "Breathless," Films and Filming (August 1961) 9) Sarris Andrew, A Theory of Film History , Movies and Methods, Vol.1, Edited by Bill Nichols, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, California 10) Kitses Jim, Horizons West, Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1969)...He edited the journal until his death at the age of forty in 1958.All the five New wave filmmakers, including Godard and Truffaut, were film critics who wrote regularly in this journal. “He taught me to write about cinema, corrected and publ...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

International Security Studies: Examination

Globalization affects international security in the sense that problems involving terrorism, the environment, religious extremism, weapons of mass destruction, and the economic crises have become more universal and widespread in character (Ivanov “Article”). As a result, these issues pose a greater threat to national and international stability and safety. More lives are now affected by threats to international security; these threats did not seem too ominous before the entry of globalization. Consequently, some extremists justify the use of mass weapons of destruction in order to guarantee their security. And as globalization continues to expand and to grow bigger as a phenomenon, threats to international security are...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Hybrid Leadership: A Theory of Action

The challenge that is brought upon us by the status quo is a function of many factors. The budget is among them. Instruction quality is both a result and a contributor—and many more. Nevertheless, not all factors are immutable. There are still some that may be manipulated to produce a better outcome. We will do so through effective educational leadership.

It is best to start by evaluating the leadership practices we are employing all these years. As we favor the Kaizen philosophy, this is an opportune time to revisit our former approach to leadership then compare it with today’s practices and procedures with a rethink of our leadership styles so as to equip our organization with what it needs to move forward...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study

Christian Dior: The Man Who Made The World Look New

However, Christian was interested only in the arts and mostly in fashion (YourNewFragrance, 2004). Even as a child he was interested in the life of the artisan community (Hirst, n.d.). Unknown to his parents, he would visit galleries and bars that were frequented by painters and writers such as Picasso and Cocteau. His parents did not allow him to pursue studies at the Academy of Fine Arts and he was forced to enroll at the Faculty of Political Science. He, nevertheless, secretly continued to visit the galleries. After four years at the Faculty of Political Science, it became clear that he would never obtain a degree from there and his mother too lost hopes of seeing him as a diplomat. In the meantime, Dior developed a wide circle...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Alternative Methods of Accounting

Accounting has always been a self-regulated profession. After the 2nd half of the 20th-century changes in accounting occurred due to the influence of private organizations such as the FASB.  In the United States, accountants followed the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to guide their everyday work. Accounting is a discipline that is very strict in its ways and does not welcome change well. In the aftermath of the Enron and WorldCom scandal, the government had to force change with the creation of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 due to a lack of trust in financial information. 

The efficient market hypothesis states that securities are typically in equilibrium and that they are fairly priced in th...
8 Pages (2000 words) Article

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

... survival of the fittest. Even the great Karl Marx was himself confused and there are many loopholes and errors in his theories. In particular, he did not understand fully what capitalism is about because it was something entirely new for everybody at that time. It was the first time such a political and economic system came into practice after feudalism. The Metamorphosis is a story about family, fatherhood, wise men, tired men, the work of drudgery, exploitation and insects. Gregors father is the real insect in the story, living off on his sons efforts by borrowing money from the Chief Clerk and therefore a social parasite and perhaps no better than the same capitalists who grew fat from the work done by masses of laborers toiling under...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

What to Consider in Structure-Conduct-Performance Model

... for each of the firm. If they both play L then the profits would be half of what they would earn if they do not change. Part B The purpose of this essay is to critically analyze the extent to which the efficiency and equity considerations should be taken into account in the Structure-Conduct-Performance Model when it comes to deciding policies for the mergers between large firms. Firstly, the paper talks briefly about the Structure-Conduct-Performance Model and then moves onto discuss the importance of equity and efficiency in policy making for mergers. Introduction According to the Structure-Conduct-Performance Model, the performance of any industry depends on the firms’ conducts in the industry. The Conduct of the firms in turn depends...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Project Management of Beijing Capital International Airport T3 Terminal

Some stakeholders can be both driving (positive) and restraining (negative) forces, it depends on how the project will meet their interests. These forces are marked by a dotted line. If changes happen, and the project won’t meet the interests of some of these stakeholders, a vector of the corresponding force will be changed onto the opposite and the force will move onto the opposite part of the diagram.

Each half of the diagram (left and right) is divided into three parts – Low, Medium and High. It defines the size of a force vector and indicates the importance (power) of a given force. Short forces have a low level of power.

Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) – undoubtedly advanc...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Oviatt and Mcdougalls Theory of International New Ventures is an Alternative Theory to Johanson and Vahlnes Uppsala Model for FREE!

Contact Us