The idea of a European common currency had been in the drawing board since 1993, but the Euro as EU’s common currency went into circulation in 1999 and was considered as a major step towards European integration…
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The idea of a European common currency had been in the drawing board since 1993, but the Euro as EU’s common currency went into circulation in 1999 and was considered as a major step towards European integration. The ratification of the Maastricht treaty in November of 1993 was responsible for the creation of the European Monetary Union or EMU and adopted the Euro as their common currency (European commission, n.d.). When the Euro was introduced into EMU on January 1, 1999, it became the new official currency of the 15 member countries thereby replacing their old national currencies like Deutschmark of Germany and Franc of France. The Euro was introduced first as a virtual currency for payments not requiring hard cash and for purposes of accounting. The old national currencies of member countries were used for cash payments and is considered as sub-units of euro. The European commission revealed that the real euro currency in bank notes and coins appeared in January 2002. The European commission reported that the primary responsibility of the EMU is to ensure the price stability of goods and services in all the member countries by
maintaining an annual inflation rate of less than 2%.The European commission added that although Denmark and United Kingdom are members of the European Union, Euro is not their currency as they agreed on the ‘opt-out’ clause of the Maastricht treaty thereby exempting them from participation
market. The European commission reported that the economic as well as monetary integration
of the EU simulates the history of the Union. In 1957, when the EU was founded, they
concentrated on establishing a common market. In the course of time, it was felt that closer
cooperation related to economic and monetary matters were needed for the common market to
progress and flourish further.
The European commission revealed that when the euro was adapted as the single currency
of the EU, the monetary policy is being managed by the European Central Bank (ECB) which
was established for that sole purpose, and the corresponding central banks of the member
countries. Together, they formed the Eurosystem Fiscal Policy on tax and spending and
remain as responsibility of individual member countries. They adhere to follow the agreed
procedures on public finances accounting known as Stability and Growth Pack. The member
countries also retain their responsibility for creating their own structural policies related to
labour, capital markets as well as pensions. They however agree to coordinate them with ECB
to ensure higher chances of achieving goals related to stability, employment and growth.
Having adopted a single European currency has many benefits and these were the
motivations for the creation of the Euro. An Economics teacher form Oxford University
named Tejvan R.Pettinger (2008) enumerated the benefits that can be derived from having
only one European currency system. They are as follows:
Reduced transaction Costs
1. There will be no more cost involved in currency exchanges; this will benefit tourists
and firms trading in the Euro area
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It had dwindling rate of economic growth following this period globalization. However, the country intensified in propulsion of relevant aspects that would capacitate it to recover from the economic situation that also affects the balance of payment (Pinder and Usherwood, 2007: 57).
Through time, much progress has been realized in the EU given the creation of a single market and the adoption of a single currency across the region. Further, there has been a coordinated conduct of the member counties on international trade negotiations and a sense of a common monetary policy in the region.
10). This was aimed at increasing and providing sustainable jobs and to enhance the economic growth within the member states, provide for one currency between the member states and free movement of citizens within the member states. Even though this program has been successful in achieving effectiveness, it still faces some setbacks since it is inevitable for such a program to experience problems in its definition and its implementation (Pohl & Sorsa, 1992, pp.
This paper will throw light upon the benefits and the problems of the European single currency, which is Euro. In addition to this the paper will also focus upon the affect on other currencies by the present rise in the value of the Euro.
The introduction of Euro in the year 1999 signaled the economic integration of the European countries.
EU came into force on 1st November 1993. The EU headquarter is in Brussels, Belgium. The European Union is an official department where all the countries agree on a single trade policy and it is like an agreement where the trade barriers between the members of the European Union are removed.
Roughly around 320 million European citizens use the currency and find it really amazing and beneficial in more ways than one. Euro is used in almost all the European Countries but there are still exceptions like Denmark and United Kingdom who still use their own currencies, the British pound is used in United Kingdom and the DKK better known as the Danish Krone is used in Denmark.
The Single Market today is an attractive and rather transparent environment for business and that is why during last fifteen years it has increased more than by one third. Owing to the unity of the market, the conditions of life in Western and Central European countries have notably approached.
It has created enormous opportunities for competitive Business enterprises.
Like other Businesses Greeting cards Business and related services have tremendous opportunities to grow and expand in the lucrative single market of EU. Burton International Ltd.
This research will begin with the statement that the Maastricht Treaty on European Union gives the exact framework for the replacement of the national currencies in many countries in Europe to only a single currency called the European Union dollar. The transition to the new single currency would take effect on January 1, 1999.
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