Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Globalization and the State The body of literature has established the dominant view that globalization or international integration is the ideal world system or the best so far. It also persists and is adopted by most countries of the world, indicating an actual validation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist"

Download file to see previous pages Marxism is a case in point. It argues that the system is rife with exploitation, greed and is destined for an inevitable demise. The position is that nation-states are rendered helpless as globalization forces wrest control of the social, economic and political spheres. These issues highlight the conflicting views on the link between globalization and the state. Is there an accurate approach to explaining the phenomenon and its impact on nation states and the world? This paper proposes that the Marxist perspective can be effective in answering this issue. What is a state? For the purpose of this paper, it is helpful to establish the concept of the state. Max Weber defined it as “an agency of domination” which bounds civil society together (Abinales and Amoroso 2005, p6). The domination variable is important because it guarantees and holds together what Weber called the state’s main attributes: territory, monopoly and legitimacy (Stewart 2001, p103). This is one of the most comprehensive and widely cited definitions. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels (2012, p3) also provided his own definition by explaining that the state is “a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie.” Both of these definitions – as the rest of other conceptualizations – differ in elements, structure and they do vary according to politics. But there are commonalities such as territory and control and, interestingly, most of these elements are present in the modern world system under globalization. This factor along with the state’s response to internationalization underpins the relationship between state and globalization. Globalization and the Marxist View It is important to note that Marxism is fundamentally a critique of capitalism. It established how the economic organization of society defines and control the political and social system (Neack 2003, p21). Any society that adopts this system is said to be characterized by stratified socio-economic classes. The Marxian analysis approaches globalization from this perspective. It maintains that globalization, as a capitalist system, is endlessly driven by the need to accumulate more. Here, the means of production and consumption is cultivated in such a pattern of expansion, where the market is pushed further from the local to the nation on to the international levels (Milward 2003, p23). In 1857, Karl Marx (1973, p524, p.539) published Grundrisse, wherein he predicted globalization by declaring: “capital by its nature drives beyond every spatial barrier,” in order to “conquer the whole earth for its market.” The Marxist theory accurately explained globalization as a phenomenon wherein the world comes together in order to create a system that is conducive to profit making and wealth accumulation. Marx has explained that capitalistic development cannot be confined within states. Ultimately, such development was expected to break free of its spatial constraints and this is supposedly underpinned by the nature of capital mobility. Marx and Engels (1973, p77) wrote: The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country… [old industries] are dislodged by new industries, whose introduction becomes a life and death question for all civilized nations, by industries that no longer work up indigenous material, but raw material drawn from the remotest zones; industries whose ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist Essay”, n.d.)
Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist Essay. Retrieved from
(Globalization and the State. Discuss - Marxist Essay)
Globalization and the State. Discuss - Marxist Essay.
“Globalization and the State. Discuss - Marxist Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist

State sovereignty and globalization

...? Introduction: Sovereignty is the ability of a to carry out its affairs without interferencefrom other states. A sovereign state determines its own affairs, be it economics, political, religious and social issues.1. A sovereign state has a governmental institution that has an authority, over a specific geographical location. The State is the only institution allowed to use force, and has people who permanently reside in the state. The State has the ability to negotiate on issues of its interest at the international arena. This is also possible because of the concept of globalization. Globalization has made it possible to disseminate and distribute information thousands of miles away. Globalization has also led to the emergence of other...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Globalization and state sovereignty

Sometimes the issue centers on the exaggeration of globalization while at other times the question centers on whether any material change is brought about. The question still remains regarding the loss of state sovereignty or the significance of the state to international associations. Globalization and its consequential transnationalism has brought about a loss in state’s sovereignty in some respects while Before analyzing this argument of state sovereignty it is important to elaborate upon the different definitions of the concept and its relevant concept. The autonomy of the state gradually comes to be threatened under the pressures of market forces acting globally, or transnational administrative system. The country states hav...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Discuss ideologies using a marxist approach

This is because the economy and its indices play very important roles in determining who we are. Modern socialism is, in its content, primarily the product of the perception on the one hand of the class antagonisms existing in modem society between possessors and non-possessors, wage workers and bourgeois; and, on the other hand, of the anarchy ruling in production. In its theoretical form, however, it originally appears as a further and ostensibly more logical extension of the principles established by the great French philosophers of the eighteenth century. Like every new theory, it had at first to link itself to the intellectual material which lay ready at hand, however deep its roots lay in economic facts. Engels 185 Marxism...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Globalization is good. Discuss

...? Globalization Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts May 5th, Globalization Introduction Globalization is a procedure that defines the societies, economies of various regions as well as their cultures that integrate via communication, business and transportation, the word globalization is very closely linked with the word economic globalization which occurs when the state economies integrate into a global economy through various things such as investment and technology. It is therefore a combination of technological, socio-culture, economic, biological and political issues. It also refers to the international flow of languages, ideas or common customs via acculturation. Another approach against this view focuses on how globalization has...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the Marxist perspective on globalization

...? Marxist Perspective on Globalization Marxist Perspective on Globalization Globalization can be termed as the flow of capital andinformation across borders. This is through improvements and advancement in technology, and the creation and expansion of markets (Baylis, Smith & Owens 2010). Karl Marx beliefs led him to conclude that the form of capitalism that exists would cause a rift between individuals in society. These groups would be in the form of the dominant group, and the proletariat. These groups would depend on each other for survival, but one group would be superior to the other. The dominant group, which was identified as the producer, would depend on the proletariat for labour and manpower (Mann 1997). They, thus, would require...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Globalization and Nation State

...Globalization and Nation Introduction The end of the twentieth century is a period characterized by rapid and unprecedented change. As Smith and his colleagues (1999, p.1) discuss this idea, not only is our world becoming increasingly interdependent, but the nature of fundamental relationships between its parts are changing - and at an increasing pace. Smith and his colleagues continue that the unprecedented volume and velocity of international flows of trade, investment, information, cultural exchanges, and human migrations are creating a new, more tightly integrated, world and one that seems to be in the throes of some fundamental structuring (Smith et al. 1997, p.1). Many professionals ranging from commentators to journalists...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Globalization and State Power

... Globalization and State Power Two volatile contradictions simultaneously intersperse in the world today: (1) the competition among highly industrialized capitalist nation-states, and (2) the ill effects of globalization on developing and underdeveloped societies, or the North-South divide. The bickering among the capitalist nation-states is still largely in the economic realm, however the impact on the political sphere is manifest and many thinkers have posited that globalization impacts greatly on the withering of the nation-state. Seeing that the economic gap between the North and South keeps on widening, it cannot be gainsaid that the political and military repercussions of this schism can significantly change the complexion...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Marxist or Post-Marxist Theorists

... ideology, the poll results give away the public pulse on this important issue. It is reasonable to assume that public sentiment and government economic policies (usually informed by contemporary economists noted above) are pulling in opposite directions. And the tensions created by these opposing tendencies are already giving rise to widespread social unrest, as shown by the emergence of the global solidarity movement and the World Social Forum. (Frankel,1997, p.58) In this context, it makes for an interesting exercise to understand contemporary interpretations, revisions and adaptations of Marxism, which have come to be termed variously as neo-Marxism and post-Marxism. Some of the leading figures in the neo-Marxist movement are Georg...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Marxist Analysis

...My Analysis Marxist theory stemmed from the philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The theory was based on the economic and political philosophy, in which the class struggle plays a fundamental role of historical change, and the capitalism will eventually be superseded by communisms (classless society). In literature, a Marxist perspective combines the power of literary works to convey the extent and illustrate how capitalism shapes society and divides it between the prevailing bourgeoisie and poor class known as the proletariat (Dobie, p.87). The story “The Destructors “by Graham Greene tells of the exploits of a group of adolescent boys who call themselves the Wormsley common gang and the scene to bring an old and elegant house...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Welfare state and globalization

... 17 May Welfare and Globalization Introduction A welfare is a nation in which methods of social protection exist to cushion the masses against excesses of capitalism or industrialization. One may understand justifications for the welfare state from a number of dimensions; industrialism, political struggles or state capabilities. Globalization affects welfare provision because it creates forces, which have a direct effect on the ability of nations to insulate their citizens; these forces will be examined in detail below. How the welfare state affects the economy Governments can establish welfare systems in order to substitute social protections that were initially available through traditional systems like local communities or families...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

The Role of the World Trade Organization in Globalization

The protests according to the President of Mexico came from people who were either ignorant of the exact situation despite having a genuine concern and hence were swayed by emotions or by those who had become insecure in their jobs with globalization.
WTO claimed that the first charge was a misconception. It claimed that it opposed measures that use environmental protection as a guide for the protection of domestic industries against foreign competition and not to the measures to protect the environment as the allegations suggested. WTO debated that under its rules, environmental protection measures are prohibited only if those measures treat foreign producers more harshly than domestic producers. It was later found as seen i...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

The State and the Impact That Homelessness Has on Children in Miami-Dade

Miami-Dade County has the highest homeless rate in the State of Florida. It ranks first in ‘families living in poverty’ among 25 major US cities (JLM, n.d.). Poverty and high rate of rentals have been considered the two main causes of homelessness. As much as 83% of people experience homelessness for a short period and usually require assistance in finding housing or rent subsidy. About 17% of the people in Miami-Dade are homeless for longer periods and require permanent supportive housing. The total number of homeless persons on the street in January 2006 was 4709 ( Fluctuations in the homeless count can occur depending upon the weather, time of the year and the methodology.

Florida accounts f...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Globalization and International Business: Starbucks Corporation

The Small Business Encyclopedia defines globalization as the process by which the economies of countries around the world become increasingly integrated over time. This integration occurs as technological advances expedite the trade of goods and services, the flow of capital, and the migration of people across international borders (globalization,
The shreds of evidence of globalization are all around us. For example, Hill (2005) cites an example of an American driving a car designed and produced in Germany that was assembled in Mexico from components made in Japan fabricated by Korean steel and Malaysian rubber. The car is filled with gasoline from oil pumped from off the coast of Africa, at a service station o...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Self-Defence against Non-State Actors

Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that:
“All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945).
Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
15 Pages(3750 words)Assignment

A democratic political system is an essential condition for sustained economic progress. Discuss

What is now clear is that democracy is superior when it comes to countries that have a heterogeneous mix of people and cultures since it is imperative that all sections of society be carried along if the process of economic development has to succeed. In case this does not happen, the concerned country faces the risk of social unrest and the inability of the government to carry all the citizens along with the process of economic development.

If we look at some of the competing ideologies of the 20th century. Communism was the dominant ideology of many countries of the eastern bloc. The basic tenet of communism is the absence of private profit and state ownership of the factors of production. This means that all workers...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

The Globalization Policies in Different Countries

...International trade International trade Introduction The Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization policies adopted by different countries, opened the doors widely open for international trade. Foreign investment and participation in business is welcomed by many countries. The consumers will get better products at cheap rates because of the competition in the market. For example, as per the economic principle, scarcity of a commodity creates demand in the market and hence the price of that commodity will go up. Because of the foreign participation in domestic market, the customers will never fee any scarcity and hence the prices will come down definitely. But most of the countries are still confused about the extent...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Globalization and Protectionism in Our Century

... thoroughgoing adherence, in rhetoric if not in practice, to the virtues of a market economy, and, by extension, a market-oriented society. While some neo-liberals appear to assume that one can construct any kind of ‘society’ on any kind of economy, the position taken here is that the economy, the state and civil society are, in fact, inextricably interrelated (Coburn 2000). How did neoliberalism, the dominant political and economic ideology of the West since the Reagan years make inroads around the world and into the formerly Communist countries of Eastern Europe? The Second World, consisting of the global Communist community during the Cold War, was severely undermined by economic and political crises which began in the late 1960s...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Health Needs Assessment among Internally Displaced People in Southern Darfur State

In the recent past, Sudan has gone through a very serious humanitarian crisis, rated by as among the worst in the world. This crisis has led to thousands of Sudanese being displaced from their homes. The crisis was a series of civil wars that have characterized the Southern Sudan regions, and quite recently the Darfur region. The conflict in the Darfur region is among the most recent crises in Sudan and has as a result drawn global attention. According to the UN, the Darfur conflict emerged as the worst crisis in the year 2003 as far as humanitarian aspects are concerned (UNEP/OCHA, 2004 pp 6).

So far, the Darfur crisis has led to the internal displacement of more than two million citizens. In the year 2008, the UN esti...
11 Pages(2750 words)Term Paper

What Are the Most Important Factors in Explaining the Rise of the Modern State

Though the existence of the state can be felt in different walks of everyday life, yet it is an intangible whose nature is impossible to grasp. As a political institution, state embodies the concept of sovereignty. Devetak (2007) describes it as a political unit or a country that possesses sovereignty. State can thus be described as a single, unified whole confined within territorial borders. The state is built in a core geographical area with allowances to a certain extent on the boundaries. According to Strayer (1970), a state exists in the hearts and minds of the people. The collective personality of the state renders it immortal. The state is a multi-faced concept that is fuzzy around its edges. Consequently, we cannot develop...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos 2010

... presented at Davos 2010 showed the lackluster state of the global economy. The global recession prevails to a certain extent. The global unemployment augmented by 50 million during recession. In 2009, the fall of US auto industry had ramifications on the other sectors as well. Bankers became major targets of discussion for the role in the crisis. Sustainability became a major issue with 90% of the consumers opting for sustainable goods and services pushing the companies to bear the cost. The annual meeting recognized the advent of digital age with a session on power of social networks. With social networking new business models are emerging in every industry changing the way even physical goods are made and marketed. There is a worldwide...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Globalization and the state. discuss - marxist for FREE!

Contact Us