Choice and competition are among the fundamental models of health service delivery that of recently, are being adopted by most countries for their important role of meeting the demand existing in the modern healthcare system…
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It has been a key concern for policy makers to promote choice and competition, so as to increase productivity and responsiveness to consumers in healthcare. The western countries in Europe and the United States have embarked on renovating their healthcare services, to allow patient choice through availing price competition between the health care providers that customers can choose from. In the past, healthcare service had been a government dominated area, and in most developing countries it enjoyed a monopolistic position, with ability to provide a variety of services and capture the customer surplus in the market. However, today there are many private organizations that venture in the healthcare service as hospitals and pharmaceuticals, which are highly relying on modern technology to offer the customers quality service. As a result, this has made the cost, quality, and healthcare accessibility a legislative and policy issue that ought to be managed, due to the rising variation. The economic benefit of promoting competition and choice is to enhance competition pressure, so that private firms become more efficient, causing them to reduce costs of service and improve their services and products as a way of attracting clients, which is generally healthy and an improvement of the economy (Propper, 2010). New forms of health care financing and delivery have developed as a result of the competitive pressure for cost containment, to slow health care inflation and encourage clients to choose from the available relatively lower cost health care. Hospitals and physicians have been each forming mergers and joint ventures with their partners in the healthcare industry, hence influencing costs and bargaining power as they improve the quality of health care and its distribution to ensure equity in the society (Federal trade commission, 2004). Competition, Patient Choice, and Equity In health care, improving patient and user choices are perceived different in accomplishment of healthcare systems objectives. However, it has become a key concern for most nations so that they get to direct their future in health and public services in regard to patients wants. According to Fotaki, offering patient choice in England is viewed as an attempt to address the failure of the pre-existing policies that had been operational in providing equitable and high quality services to the population, while it is perceived as a way to achieve other desirable goals, for example reducing the waiting lists, hence not an explicit policy objective on its own merit (2007). There are numerous patient choice policies being developed in health care industries, but how efficient and effective they will be will depend on the adjustments they would have made from the past policies, and how attractive it would be to the customers in the already competitive market. The transition made so far is that the patient or user choice policies are been made based on the learned experiences in the previous policies. The health systems of most developing and developed countries are still been challenged in responding to the needs of the less privileged members of the society; therefore creating inequality when it comes to choice in healthcare and its delivery. Although the mergers and consolidation of health facilities and physicians have improved, it does not mean that the service being provided to some people, especially in the marginalized areas are similar to those being delivered in urban parts. The networks being formed have been effective to ensure equitable health outcomes, but the efficiency in health
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The debate on whether the American system of health care is the best in the world continues to persist. Unfortunately, the rising costs of medical care, insurance coverage issues, and disparities in health care provision among various population groups deny the relevance of systemic developments in U.S.
After a while, infirmaries began to pop up as an effect of the Poor Law authorities for sick people, which rapidly grew in number after the Local Government Board foundation because of the central influence of the doctors (Robert Gordon University, undated).
The health care system in Germany has a number of differences in the health care system, in the United States. The movie documentary Sick around the World (2008) stated 5 facts, which can be related to the said debate. First is that citizen of Germany generally paid for the health care of the country, in general, depending on their earnings and profits.
The current system is known as the Patient Protection, and affordable Care Act Plan, also referred to as “Obamacare” where the public will be the main source of funds and they will be required to purchase health insurance cover (Miranda, 2010). Middle class families will be getting tax credits to fund health care and make it more affordable.
This may result from the unavailability of the services in their communities. However, the main cause of inaccessibility to healthcare services is the inability to raise funds or unavailability of the resources to pay for the services (Liberty, 2012). Those who have access to the services incur large costs, as the services tend to be pricy.
Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza are in very difficult situations. Greater than 1.3 million residents in Gaza are confined in a tiny piece of land with limited food, medicine, etc. (Mahmoud) On the other hand, healthcare system of Israel has major relevance and sets quite a high standard example for the healthcare system of the world.
America's health care crisis, with its vast numbers of uninsured and escalating costs are a major contention for debate between the candidates. The policies of Obama and McCain differ in cost, coverage, effectiveness, and long-term direction of the US public health care policy.
The classic and most-often cited definition states that a joint venture is an enterprise in which two or more separate firms or entities integrate their operations such that the following conditions are met: (1) the enterprise is under the joint control of parent entities, which are not under related control;
The new slogan “Its a lie” is born on the day when Obama holds a speech before Congress.
The evidence of the soreness of health care reform in the United States is the fact that never before the president has been given the bird under the dome of the Capitol,
Moreover another poll in the CBS News Poll showed that 85% of the respondents wanted some major reforms in the health sector (Why We Need a Public Health-Care Plan, 2009). The argument between private and public health care has always stayed in peoples
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