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Values and Democracy (Politics) - Essay Example

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Name Name of Professor The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia Introduction The increasing attention given to the idea of democracy shows a common displeasure with characteristics of current political processes, on the one hand, and an insightful understanding that other processes are possible alternatives…
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Values and Democracy (Politics)
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Download file to see previous pages Even though regular elections are, according to Beetham (1992), ‘a continuous discipline on the elected to take constant notice of public opinion’ (ibid, p. 47), the dictate that politicians take pleasure from is the fact that citizens have very little influence on political decisions made in their behalf. The core argument of this essay is that in order to justify the diversity of environmental values and the dedication of citizens, the process of decision making should be to improve and endorse democratic participation. In order to do this, this essay will compare and contrast the relationship of environmental values and democracy in four countries, namely, The United States, Great Britain, Russia, and China: the former two countries being highly democratic while the latter two being less democratic. As reported by the Brundtland Commission, an environmental right should state that “all human beings have the fundamental right to an environment adequate for their health and well being” (Smith 2003, 104). ...
216). Democracy should be concerned with the composition of the constitution, since the effect of rights is experienced all over the legal, political, and moral areas. Several theories have been used for establishing environmental values (Carrow et al. 1998). Eckersley (1996) sums up the environmental challenge to democratic ideas of rights by saying that the democratic explanation of the moral interest of protection and independence from control needs consideration of the physical situations of its use. As argued by Eckersley (1996), “we must accord the same moral priority to the material conditions (including bodily and ecological conditions) that enable that autonomy to be exercised” (ibid, p. 223). Environmental values, however, conflicts with the democracy. Yet, the statements above show that ecological values and particular democratic rights are in fact connected. As stated by Saward (1996), “Rather than being something outside the purview of democratic theory, core environmental concerns are part of it” (ibid, p. 88). The following section will show the connection (or conflict) between environmental values and democracy in four countries, the US, the UK, China, and Russia. Environmental Values and Democracy If one looks at the political guidelines for the environment of the US and the UK, which are highly democratic societies, a particular problem appears as the clearest feature of the political practices, which is shown in their regulations. The problem has its source in knowledge of democracy that respects the involvement of citizens in decision making process to be a must. As shown by this idea, citizens should be given the right to express his/her opinion of and interest ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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