Name Name of Professor The Connection between Environmental Values and Democracy: The Cases of the United States, Great Britain, China, and Russia Introduction The increasing attention given to the idea of democracy shows a common displeasure with characteristics of current political processes, on the one hand, and an insightful understanding that other processes are possible alternatives…
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Even though regular elections are, according to Beetham (1992), ‘a continuous discipline on the elected to take constant notice of public opinion’ (ibid, p. 47), the dictate that politicians take pleasure from is the fact that citizens have very little influence on political decisions made in their behalf. The core argument of this essay is that in order to justify the diversity of environmental values and the dedication of citizens, the process of decision making should be to improve and endorse democratic participation. In order to do this, this essay will compare and contrast the relationship of environmental values and democracy in four countries, namely, The United States, Great Britain, Russia, and China: the former two countries being highly democratic while the latter two being less democratic. As reported by the Brundtland Commission, an environmental right should state that “all human beings have the fundamental right to an environment adequate for their health and well being” (Smith 2003, 104). ...
216). Democracy should be concerned with the composition of the constitution, since the effect of rights is experienced all over the legal, political, and moral areas. Several theories have been used for establishing environmental values (Carrow et al. 1998). Eckersley (1996) sums up the environmental challenge to democratic ideas of rights by saying that the democratic explanation of the moral interest of protection and independence from control needs consideration of the physical situations of its use. As argued by Eckersley (1996), “we must accord the same moral priority to the material conditions (including bodily and ecological conditions) that enable that autonomy to be exercised” (ibid, p. 223). Environmental values, however, conflicts with the democracy. Yet, the statements above show that ecological values and particular democratic rights are in fact connected. As stated by Saward (1996), “Rather than being something outside the purview of democratic theory, core environmental concerns are part of it” (ibid, p. 88). The following section will show the connection (or conflict) between environmental values and democracy in four countries, the US, the UK, China, and Russia. Environmental Values and Democracy If one looks at the political guidelines for the environment of the US and the UK, which are highly democratic societies, a particular problem appears as the clearest feature of the political practices, which is shown in their regulations. The problem has its source in knowledge of democracy that respects the involvement of citizens in decision making process to be a must. As shown by this idea, citizens should be given the right to express his/her opinion of and interest
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(Values and Democracy (Politics) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Values and Democracy (Politics) Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/macro-microeconomics/1424027-values-and-democracy-politics.
Democracy The word ‘Democracy’ is derived from the two Greek words ‘Demos’ and ‘Kratos’ which mean ‘People’ and ‘Rule’ respectively. So, it can be described as the rule of the people. According to Sir John Seeley, democracy can be defined as “a government in which everyone has a share”.
In such citizenry may be observed a composite democracy which, by application of Madison’s essential values, is found capable of blending a majoritarian democracy to accommodate certain issues of the greater number while placing equivalent regard for individual rights and minorities.
Currently, the world is shifting to a digital technology and the world economic powers have done their best to support computerization of every aspect in society. Industries, vehicles, power plant, airplanes are now controlled by computers. The developed world and through various world bodies like international monetary fund and the world bank has helped developing countries to achieve this goal.
We, much like a good parent who cannot tell one child that he/she loves one more than the other cannot bring ourselves to destroy either desire that burns within us, so we strive to satisfy both at once. We devise a sole, and all-powerful form of government, but elected by the people.
Now they can leave home and be independent. These new independents may apply for a job and do what they had long wanted to do and buy what they had wanted to buy because their parents forbade them not to do or buy before.
Democracy can also be defined as the right to vote in any organization.
The diversity of the region prevents the emergence of an indigenous and common regional identity (Yahuda, 2004: 8).
Since 1974, with the “third wave” of democratization, more than eighty countries have made
In his Politics, Aristotle differentiated rule by the many (democracy/ polity), with rule by the few (oligarchy/aristocracy), and with rule by a one person (tyranny/ monarchy or today autocracy). He also thought that there was a good and a bad form of each
Idealism should guide the U.S. foreign policy because it focuses on core values of the country while keeping in mind national interest (Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes 332). However, a nation should be consistent with its foreign policy and not
In fact, during the era of the cold war, the United States was advocating of a liberal economy. Liberalization of the economy or capitalism is a characteristic of a democratic system of governance. The US government and its allies insisted on the promotion of democracy
As of 2015, all the U.N member states have been committed to attaining the MGD. Among them is the MDG 5, which is to improve maternal health. In particular, the maternal mortality ration needs to be reduced by three-quarters as well as global access to reproductive health (United Nations, 2010).
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