Nobody downloaded yet

Java Card - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Business has seen a paradigm shift from the traditional face-to-face transactions to on-line transactions where services can be accessed…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "Java Card"

Download file to see previous pages This paper dwells greatly on the smart card technology focusing on Java Card as the case study.
Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines a smart card as “a small plastic card that has a built-in microprocessor to store and process data and records1.” In 1968, two great German scientists first mooted the idea of incorporating an integrated circuit into a plastic card. Many other people worked on this technology with no notable progress until 1974-1979 when Roland Moreno filed patents on smart cards in 11 different countries. Late 1970 saw the first commercialization of the smart card and the introduction of the microprocessor smart card through the work of CII-Honeywell Bull.
Initial trials on the smart card took place in France and Germany in the early 1980 where they were used as prepaid phone cards and secure debit/credit bank cards2. Currently, the power of smart cards has greatly advanced consequent of the existence of improved modern chip and cryptography technologies. They have diverse commercial applications such as banking, identification, ticketing as well as telecommunication applications where they are used as SIM cards on cell phones.
Traditionally, the development of smart card applications is subject to a lengthy, rigorous and difficult process. Development tools are built by smart card manufacturers using generic assembly language tools and dedicated hardware emulators obtained from silicon chip vendors. These facilities are not readily available to third party application developers making the development of these applications exclusive to a few highly skilled developers who have specialized in a particular smart card hardware and software. Until recently there existed no standard high-level application interface thus compelling developers to deal with the always technical low-level programming of modules such as communication ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Java Card Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Java Card Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words. Retrieved from
(Java Card Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
Java Card Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words.
“Java Card Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...?Java Programming Access Modifiers a) Difference between public, protected and private Members (variables, methods or declared private can be accessed only by the members of the same class. Accessing a private member outside the enclosing class will result in variable declaration error. In other words, private members are strictly bound within the limits of its declaring class. Members defined with protected modifier can be accessed by classes outside the enclosing class but within the same package. However members declared protected in super class can be accessed by its subclasses, but only if they are present in same package. Members declared public have no bounds, they can be accessed from anywhere by any class...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Java Programming

.../* Java Swing Calculator import java.awt.BorderLayout; import java.awt.Color; import java.awt.Container; import java.awt.FlowLayout; import java.awt.Font; import java.awt.GridLayout; import java.awt.Window; import java.awt.event.ActionEvent; import java.awt.event.ActionListener; import java.awt.event.WindowAdapter; import java.awt.event.WindowEvent; import javax.swing.JButton; import javax.swing.JDialog; import javax.swing.JFrame; import javax.swing.JLabel; import javax.swing.JMenu; import javax.swing.JMenuBar; import javax.swing.JMenuItem; import javax.swing.JPanel; import javax.swing.JTextArea; import javax.swing.JOptionPane; public class Calculator extends JFrame implements ActionListener { ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Math Problem

Java Joy

...Hi, I am extremely sorry for not being able to respond to ur message. Actually I had gone out of after uploading ur ppt presentation. As for thereferences, I referred to couple of websites, which I am writing down for ur reference. Because I had done similar assignments in the past, so I did it all with my knowledge of the subject only. Mainly I referred to the following websites (general look-up only) References 1. 2. 3. 4. 'The internet in a cup - Coffee fuelled the information exchanges of the 17th and 18th centuries', Dec 18, 2003, available at I am extremely sorry...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Java Programming

...Section Program I have designed the calculator using JAVA. Swing is the concept that has been employed in it. I have used many features of JAVA in designing the calculator. From the line no 5 to 26 I have used the inbuilt packages in JAVA library and used the concept of inheritance to import the required files using the import statement. In the line no 28, I have defined a class which is the basis of encapsulation in JAVA. Encapsulation is the mechanism that binds together code and the data it manipulates, and keeps both safe from outside interference and misuse. As we look at the line no 28 we find the syntax of the class as public class Calculator extends JFrame...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay


...Boxes and tubes application (enter and here) April 15, Contents Contents 2 BOXES AND TUBES JAVA APPLICATION HOW THE APPLICATION WORKS. 1. DESIGN The application has been developed using Netbeans® IDE 7.1.1 Netbeans® IDE 7.1.1 is an open source Integrated Development Environment that enables easy and rapid development of web, enterprise and desktop applications using Java and other many other platforms. Advantages of using Netbeans® IDE 7.1.1 includes Enables full compile, debug and profile development for Java applications Provides Swing GUI Builder enhancements and Swing debugging tools. It’s available in many different languages. It is open source and easily available. 2....
4 Pages(1000 words)Coursework

Java zone

...Java zone Dicum’s Destination: the Java zone, speaks of the experience that the had upon visiting the Nicaraguan highlands. He is shown around by a coffee farmer (Flora Montegro), a descendent of Germans who had settled in Nicaragua during the colonial times. According to the Dicum (2009), the German were the same people who brought coffee here. The writer liked coffee, making him curious of what goes in the major plantations. The original habitat of coffee was in Ethiopia but since Nicaragua and other countries shares some similar conditions with this natural habitat, people started planting it in areas where there were forests previously. As a consequence, birds, reptiles and other animal species in...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Java programing

... provided by object – oriented programming, greatly enhance the elegance and simplicity of the programming process. Consequently, it becomes easier for the programmer to focus on the actual requirements and work dynamically in teams, without redundancy (Goodrich and Tamassia 59 – 61). Works Cited Balagurusamy, E. Programming With Java:A Primer . Tata McGraw – Hill Education, 2006. Print. Buyya. Object – oriented Programming with Java: Essentials and Applications. Tata McGraw – Hill Education, 2009. Print. Farrell, Joyce. Java Programming. Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. Goodrich, Michael T and Roberto Tamassia. Data Structures and Algorithms in Java. John Wiley & Sons, 2008. Print.... of the of the of the Object Oriented Programming Object...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Java Programing

...Understanding the principles of programming in java Principles, characteristics of java programming Programming in the java language has gain a lot of acceptance by a lot of people and programmers in the world. This is mainly due to the many advantages of using java in creation application that can be either stand alone or web based applications. Java is simple, object oriented, distributed, interpreted, robust, secure, architecture neutral, portable, high performance, multithreaded, and dynamic. Simple Java language omits many rarely used, poorly understood, confusing features found in other programming languages. Java...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Java Technology

...Java Java is a programming language that runs in most platforms, with many bits and pieces borrowed from C++. Using this language is much simpler when compared to C++. The language is very portable and can run on most environments. The language developed in 1991 as a project to handle interactive TV. It was first known as oak, then Green and later Java, which was after the coffee that was consumed in bulk while in the process of developing the language. Gosling, Sheridan, and Naughton were the developers and required implementing a language that was similar to C++. Sun systems first released the language to the public in 1995, with a promise of portability to run anywhere without many...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...Java Programming al Affiliation Java Programming The term structured programming in the simplest and most basic sense refers to the subset of procedural programming that are modified and enforced in a logical manner and structure. The aim and objective of structured programming is to enable the program to be more effective, efficient and for the users to understand and comprehend them. Object programming on the other hand refers to a programming technique that is founded on the aspects of data structures which imbibe the data (Hughes, 2009). It is important to note and record that the data exist in fields in form of fields which are clinically referred to as codes or attributes. In a structured...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Java Card for FREE!

Contact Us