The paper "Postmodernism and Symbolism" discusses color in the postmodernism. This system of colors is not composed of one to one definitions (white equals good, for instance) but are rather composed of a complex system of association based on usage, perception, association and so on. Kurt Vonnegut, in Slaughterhouse-Five, makes great use of these associations throughout his work. One of the most important roles of blue and ivory in the text is to draw the work together. Slaughterhouse-Five is, in many important ways, a work of metafiction, and the reader is expected to connect to and recognize the artifice of the literature, starting from the long form of the title, which recognizes the author and the artificial nature of his fiction. In this context, blue and ivory serves as a reminder to the reader of the literary devices that the author uses, to draw their literary eye to the metafictional elements of the narrative. The author uses the motif of these two colours throughout the work, referring to a variety of different characters and aspects of their physical appearance. The continued motif draws the work together into a coherent whole, along with emphasizing the metafiction in the work. Beyond this, blue and ivory has significant symbolic meaning in the text. The color white, and ivory especially, has often been associated with delicacy in our color vernacular, often in reference to skin that has not been out in the sun. Ivory continues to carry this meaning into Slaugherhouse-Five.