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Literary Analysis Interpretation of The Necklace Guy de Maupassants - Research Paper Example

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English Literature December 15, 2011 Literary Analysis Interpretation of "The Necklace" Guy de Maupassants Henri Rene Albert Guy de Maupassant was a popular 19th century French writer who is also one among the exponents of modern short stories…
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Literary Analysis Interpretation of The Necklace Guy de Maupassants
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Download file to see previous pages 10). His short stories are known for their comical elements, pessimism, objectivity and a well definitive style. Maupassant’s “The Necklace” is one of his acclaimed works that features the late 19th century France. Similar to Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary, ''The Necklace'' also tell us about a young, beautiful woman who is caught in a social situation that she finds distasteful. Like Mme. Bovary, Mme. Loisel also attempt to escape from her real life, but her actions ultimately lead to disaster. The story “The Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant tells about the life of a woman in the 19th century France who pretends to be “richer than she is by borrowing a necklace from a rich acquaintance” (Robinson 1). The author introduces a twist in the plot wherein the protagonist loses the necklace and ends up spending a decade doing hard labor to earn money to replace it. The ironic element of this story comes in where it is revealed to the lady that the necklace she borrowed was not real. The thesis statement of this paper is that the story “the Necklace” is a work of social criticism wherein the author conveys the struggle of common middle class to circumvent the class difference. “The Necklace” is set in the in the fashionable glamorous city of Paris. This setting is exceptionally relevant in the plot of the story as it represents that period in history when class systems and class struggles were prevalent. The 19th century France is known for its class system where aristocracy held about 33% of the national income even at the advent of increased wages and improved standard of living of average people. Though the lower classes of the society advanced greatly in their financial position due to the occupational opportunities of the time, the distance between the upper class and working classes remained intact. This is evident from the instance where we get a glimpse of Mme. Forestier’s house that denotes the lifestyle of upper class of this period. “Breton”, the servant of Mme. Forestier, the childhood friend of Mathilde, is introduced in to the story to show the class distinction existed during this period. Some people who belonged to the French middle class achieved prosperity almost equivalent to that of aristocracy but some others maintained their previous low economic state, when compared to the rural peasants. The conflicts that occur in the life of Mathilde Loisel are due to her dissatisfaction with her place in the society. She hails from a poor family and is married to Monsieur Loisel, a clerk, who belongs to the middle class. Middle class, also known as French Bourgeoisie, were involved in a class struggle with the aristocracy for their equal rights in society. It is the existing class struggle of the period that is analyzed in this story. The author says, “She was a simple person, without the money to dress well but she was as unhappy as she had gone through bankruptcy, for women have neither rank nor race” (Kabanica para. 2). She is “distressed at the poverty of her dwelling” and wishes for a “high life" and to be intimate among the rich and fantasizes about expensive luxuries such as the tapestries, "tall lamps of bronze" and "precious bric-a-brac" in "coquettish little rooms" and closets of silk fabrics, silver ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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