Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The aim of the study is to present theme and narrative elements in the story “The Necklace”. The short story was written by Guy de Maupassant entitled “The Necklace” has been the subject of innumerable literary analysis due to the controversial nature of the plot and ironic tone…
Download free paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant"

and number Theme and Narrative Elements in the Short Story: The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant submitted The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant The short story written by Guy de Maupassant entitled “The Necklace” has been the subject of enumerable literary analysis due to the controversial nature of the plot and ironic tone. What apparently started as traditional straightforward short story using a universal theme of relentless wanting in the midst of poverty provided an unexpected ending to the readers’ surprise. This short story would hereby be analyzed in terms of describing the theme and identifying at least two of the literary elements in the short story that contribute to the theme by providing an example of each element. Finally, the discourse would explain how the selected literary elements affect the narrative theme, as required. As indicated in chapter 7, the theme “is a representation of the idea behind the story… (It) tells you what the story is about” (Short Story: Theme and Symbolism, n.d., p. 108). For “The Necklace” the theme is therefore a story about discovering that wanting material things beyond what one could actually afford could bring incomprehensibly disastrous consequences. This was discovered by the main character, Loisel Rampouneau, an ordinary wife of a clerk in the Department of Education, as her simple and austere life turned into remorsefully arduous journey. The literary elements that best contribute to the theme are the tone (defined as the “attitude reflected by the author in a literary work” (Short Story: Plot, Point of View, Tone, n.d., p. 87); and symbolism (“a literal identity but also stands for something else” (Short Story: Theme and Symbolism, n.d., p. 108). The tone of the short story is replete with situation irony as depicted by discovery that the diamond necklace borrowed from Mme. Forester, the root cause of Loisel’s agony, was actually bogus or fake. Loisel could have then realized that she was actually first better off living a simple life despite its austerity than facing the need to pay off significant amounts of debt for replacing the borrowed necklace which got lost – only to find out in the end that it was not real. There is irony in being so proud that admitting to Mme. Forester that the necklace she borrowed got lost never even crossed her mind. She immediately surmised that Mme. Forester would surely regard her as a thief and would rather cover up her mess than reveal the truth. Had she done this in the first place, she and her husband would not have been subjected to ten years of persistent hard work to pay-off the debts, used to buy a replacement for the lost necklace. The theme was also prominent when the occasion of the invitation to the ball presented ways of needing to dress according to the event. In meager status, Loisel insisted, beyond grasp, to project an image which is not her real and true identity, requiring her to buy a dress beyond their means and to borrow a jewelry to perfect the facade of elegance and sophistication. The symbolism that dominated in the story was the title itself, the necklace. It symbolized richness, elegance, good bearing, and sophistication – everything that was not possessed by Loisel. By borrowing it, she envisioned to project that image that the necklace symbolized. Without her knowledge and awareness, jewelries could also be copied, faked or made from cheap but glittering materials. She assumed wrongly that just because her friend, Mme. Forester was rich, that she possesses genuinely exorbitant jewelries beyond her means. Both elements: the tone and the symbolism contributed to the effectiveness of the theme through the establishment of appropriate attitude of the main character as desperate, lonely, wanting for material things. The first few paragraphs have assisted in setting the tone as the author noted: “she suffered from the poverty of her dwelling, from the worn walls, the abraded chairs, the ugliness of the stuffs” (de Maupassant, n.d., p. 140). Further, the author built the image of the character is dreaming of luxury: “she let her mind dwell on the quiet vestibules, hung with Oriental tapestries, lighted by tall lamps of bronze… she let her mind dwell on the large parlors, decked with old silk, with their delicate furniture, supporting precious bric-a-brac, and on the coquettish little rooms, perfumed, prepared for the five o’clock chat with the most intimate friends” (de Maupassant, n.d., p. 140). Eventually, the author emphasized that “she had no dresses, no jewelry, nothing. And she loved nothing else; she felt herself made for that only. She would so much have liked to please, to be envied, to be seductive and sought after” (de Maupassant, n.d., p. 140). These narrative statements guided the readers in portraying the character as destitute and desperate for envy, to be sought after – which the invitation to the ball presented as the perfect opportunity to make her dream come true. The necklace, as a symbol, was equally effective in putting the reader in a reflective mood. It is both a symbol of richness, elegance and beauty; but at the same time, the cause of agony, pain, defeat. It clearly enforced the theme that wanting material things beyond what one could actually afford could bring incomprehensibly disastrous consequences – especially for Loisel who eventually realized that the necklace was just a pretentious object that made her realize her lifelong dream but also led her to a longstanding misery. References de Maupassant, G. (n.d.). The Necklace. Chapter 5: Short Story: Plot, Point of View, Tone. Chapter 7: Short Story: Theme and Symbolism. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(The Necklace by Guy De Maupassant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The Necklace by Guy De Maupassant Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant

Marketing of Diamonds: De Beers Campaign

This positioning is symbolic, of growing love as the years pass being equated with growing size of diamonds. It intrigues one as diamonds are now shown to relate with the journey of life, and not merely as a one time gift of love. The message is different, and it tickles the mind with the new concept –  of diamonds being constant companions of the journey of love and adventures. In this manner, the campaign hopes to inculcate the benefits of having a journey series, as a symbol of growing love. The inherent need that is present in any couple, that of cherishing life together; getting old together in this journey of life; and having their love grows with time; is what the above campaign addresses.  The following par...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Economic Process in De Beers Forever

... couples. Then they show the couple romancing with each other at the beach and a guy gifting her girl one of the necklace designs from Journey collection. This creates a desire in the target audience about the Journey collection as they attach their brand with valuable moments of Love which persuades their target audience to embellish their moments also with Diamonds to create an everlasting effect true and eternal love in their relation. Now to end up the advertisement they have not put up a conventional action tagline, rather they have shown one of the pieces from Journey collection with their tag line, With Every Step Love Grows, and their slogan A Diamond is Forever at the end since the trade magazine Advertising Age has called...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Analysis of Vittorio De Sica's Bicycle Thieves Movie

...Question: How is character related to the physical and/or social environment in one of the films above? How can the relationship be described as ‘Neorealist’? Vittorio De Sicas Bicycle Thieves (Ladri di Biciclette) is considered the representative work of Italian neoclassical cinema. Recent culture studies critics consider such representations that create the only reality in its spatial and temporal aspects as a restriction in the aesthetic realm. Andre Bazin’s critical formulations and responses related to the movies of the 1940s explore the ways in which pure objective realism and spatial realism contrast with the earlier preoccupations of the 1920s and the 1930s with the Imagist movies that adhered to the concepts of the Plastics...
8 Pages(2000 words)Movie Review

Contentment and Materialism in The Overcoat and The Necklace

The stories have qualities that are reminiscent of fairy tales. Both messages are similar to those ones might find in tales designed to support a moral message. The Overcoat and The Necklace each use opposing ideas to help support the same moral message about the materialistic world.

In the story of The Overcoat, we find a man who is content in his life. His contentment is based on not needing anything but the satisfaction of his work. The life we see in Akakii Akakievich does not need the approval of others and does not need the acquisition of things in order to achieve anything more within his self-awareness. He leads a simple life that does not need, in his estimation, anything more. His attempt to repair his old ove...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

El Cantar de Mio Cid - How Reliable Are the Described Events

...Cantar de mio Cid El Cantar de Myo Çid, also referred to as The Lay of Cid, is ranked as one of the greatest epic poems of medieval Spain. It is the only Spanish document to have survived the adulterations in truth rendered over time. The poem constituted a part of the famous trend referred to as the mester de juglaría by Ramón Menéndez. This tradition was characterized by the relation and passing on of renowned poems from one generation to another, making the poems liable to modifications in the process. Despite the fact that the Cantar del Mio Cid was written decades ago, the poem has not withered considerably by the tides of time in terms of its originality. Mester de juglaría included those poems that were famous amongst the cultural...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

SWOT Analyis of Sofitel Paris Arc de Triomphe

... SWOT Analyis of Sofitel Paris Arc de Triomphe Strengths The main strength of this particular brance of the Sofitel Luxury Hotel brand is that it carries the name of the Arc de Triomphe in the name, referring to one of Paris' most legendary pieces of architecture and something that many tourists and businessmen alike will want to see on their trip to the city. The Arc de Triomphe and the Champs Elysees are only 0.2km (according to the website) away from the hotel, meaning that this branch is very central and can offer a lot to those wishing to visit this area. Another strength of this business is that it bears the name of Sofitel. Sofitel is a very successful luxury brand name and has hotels on many continents and in many cities...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Comparing the Story of an Hour and the Necklace

...Comparing the Story of an Hour and the Necklace Short stories are always very enjoyable to read. They are very concise but mostly have such a deep message resonating throughout the text that the reader is left pondering over an extension of the story to imagine the possible ending if they were novels instead. The works under consideration are meant to be compared because of their unique theme which reflects how two authors can write similar yet distinctive stories in different times. Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” and “The Necklace” by Guy De Maupassant are two such short stories whose themes centre around role of gender and marriage with special focus on the female characters. “The Story of an Hour” revolves around the female...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Talk about and prove the usage of myths and utopia and utopic or disutopic ideas in the book El rieno de este mundo by alejo carpentier

... Myths and utopia and utopic or distopic ideas in the book El rieno de Este mundo Magic realism is a term that has gained popularity in both nonacademic and academic circles and hence the proliferation of this term has gained it its popularity. The attempts to thee formal characteristics it exhibits has acted as a revelation by the fact that it helps us realize the western and non-westernized modes of thinking. This resulted in the development of what was known as magic realism by theorists who managed to formulate the definitions that surround this phenomenon. The first instance of the usage of the magic realism was used by a German critic Franz Roh to explain the art of inter war in the Weimer republic. He explained that the use of magic...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Operation Management of El Celler De Can Rosa Restaurant

...OPERATION MANAGEMENT OF EL CELLER DE CAN ROSA RESTAURANT OBJECTIVES OF OPERATION MANAGEMENT 1. To ensure production of cost effective goods and those that are customer oriented 2. To ensure flexibility in production of goods and also implement product differentiation policies 3. Produce sustainable and dependable goods 4. Ensure production of quality and timely goods INTRODUCTION Operation management deals with overseeing, designing and the control of the process of the production as well as the production of goods and services through redesigning of the business operations. Operation management is a critical unit and department for thriving and temporal performance of any organization or business altogether. An efficient and vibrant...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Proposal

Analysis of Marginalized People in London Society in Guy Ritchies Snatch

... Guy Ritchie’s Snatch Introduction Guy Ritchie, in his movie, Snatch has presented a quite different side of London. London is shown as a city composed of multiple races and ethnicities. These include the Blacks, the Poor, the Jewish, the Pikies and the Americans. These people survive as the fringes of a society which is dominated by White, Anglo-Saxon Protestants. They do not lead ordinary lives but their lives are often against the law and societal norms. This paper will discuss how Guy Ritchie has portrayed these five different kinds of marginalized people in London society. The survival of these people in London would be discussed in detail. The Blacks The Blacks in the movie are Tyrone, Vinny and Sol. They are shown as petty...
6 Pages(1500 words)Movie Review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant for FREE!

Contact Us