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Satire in Voltaire's Candide vs. Swift's Gulliver's Travel - Term Paper Example

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The writer of the present paper "Satire in Voltaire's Candide vs. Swift's Gulliver's Travel" attempts to draw a comparison and contrast between the use of Satire in the novels “Candide” and “Gulliver’s Travels” by Voltaire and Jonathan Swift…
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Satire in Voltaires Candide vs. Swifts Gullivers Travel
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Download file to see previous pages When Swift’s target of satire is the vicious and condemnable nature of human race, the polar opposite of the picture of human race conjured up in his book is fairly perceivable in plain eye. Therefore deformation of the familiar rather contributes to the ridiculously comic effect. Swift’s six-inch Lilliputs are the direct deformation of man and their humanly vices and follies rather highlight human race’s vicious and gullible nature in a ridiculously comic way. Referring to this effect, Eddy says, “The effect of reducing the scale of life in Lilliput is to strip human affairs of their self-imposed grandeur. Rank, politics, international war, loses all of their significance. This particular idea is continued in the second voyage, not in the picture of the Brobdingnagians, but in Gulliver himself, who is now a Lilliputian," But since in “Candide” Voltaire’s target is a complex and established philosophy, for him the direct distortion of reality, as Swift did, is riskier than the rearrangement of reality. In ‘Candide’ Voltaire tactfully opts for a natural religion -defying Pangloss’s philosophy- that simply appears to be his attempt to amend the evils in the society discovered by innocent Candide in his adventures or journeys. Unquestionably “Candide” that is considered to be a humorous and farcical satire on the philosophy "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds” of Gottfried Leibniz presented as Pangloss in the text,....
n ‘Candide’ Voltaire tactfully opts for a natural religion -defying Pangloss’s philosophy- that simply appears to be his attempt to amend the evils in the society discovered by innocent Candide in his adventures or journeys. Unquestionably “Candide” that is considered to be a humorous and farcical satire on the philosophy "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds” of Gottfried Leibniz presented as Pangloss in the text, also refers to Voltaire’s attempt to fill the void created by discarding the conventional religion. Voltaire’s attack is on the theory, “everything was made for a purpose, everything is necessarily for the best purpose” (Voltaire, 16). In the novella he prepares a plot in which the protagonist is to suffer a perilous journey: enduring physical torture, natural calamity and extensive material loss, and he is pushed to the situation to question his teacher’s philosophy. The satirical nature of the religious organizers of his age is vividly expressed in the sentence, “I still hold my original opinions, because it would be improper to recant…” (Voltaire 106). Swift takes his readers to a new world of distorted physical realities where humanly natures, norms and customs are the same; but in it the follies are highlighted. Throughout the most part of Book I, the Lilliputs are the comic deformation of life in Europe. This part on the “public rewards of leaping and creeping” or the nonstop disputes and strife between the “Big Endians” and “Little Endians” and the ridiculousness of the royal decrees are “obvious and funny distortions of the court life, the pompous pretentiousness of officials, and the religious disputes familiar to Swift's readers” (Johnston 3). There are also sections where he upholds the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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