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he most powerful nation in the world at that time was held a prisoner by only 6inches tall Lilliputians by which Swift aims to explain why English people should consider the pride of their own country and reassess if the colonies controlled by them could get powerful enough one day to overthrow the English kingdom. At the time Gulliver’s Travels was written, search for new lands to control thrived in England and in this process the English people used to come across many new civilizations, an example of which is given in the travels by Swift in the form of Lilliputians. This voyage to Lilliput can also be seen as a conflict between opposing ideas and characters through which Swift wants to explain the obstacles experienced by the English at that time when meeting new people in their lands. According to another idea, “the effect of reducing the scale of life in Lilliput is to strip human affairs of their self-imposed grandeur” (Eddy, cited in Galloway, 1994).
In contrast to Lilliput, everything about Brobdingnag appears to be gigantic and much more powerful than Gulliver himself. He realizes that even the grass is about 20ft tall there and each step taken by the giants who live there is about 10yards long in contrast to Lilliputians. Overcome by despair and fright, he begins to think of himself as a Lilliputian would if surrounded by normal humans. There too, Gulliver is taken to the court where he is bought by the queen. Later he shares his views about English politics with the king which appear humorous to him and make him remark that English people are well below the Brobdingnagians in context of wisdom and power. The king dismisses the English people as members of a low society through which Swift aims to explain the general ignorance of other nations in the world at that time which refused to embrace modernity. The trip to this island called Brobdingnag helps Gulliver to meet very big people after meeting very small people in Lilliput. This stark change
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No one can really say which life is worth living, and which life is not. If one is familiar with Jonathan’s Swift’s ‘Gulliver’s Travels,” the relationship of the Yahoos and the Houyhnhnms comes to mind when comparing this same author’s “A Modest Proposal” to Peter Singer’s “Justifying Infanticide.” In Gulliver’s Travels, the Yahoos are noisy, filthy, irrational, and deformed animals.
The book is divided into four sections, each section describing a different journey. In this paper, we will describe Gulliver’s journey to Lilliput, which makes the first part of the book. Gulliver’s journey to Lilliput was his most adventurous journey where he met people of less than 6 inches of height.
The fourth book of Gulliver's travels definitely does associate humanity with a base, carnal nature that is in marked contrast to the reason which is displayed by the Houyhnhnms. The reason for this is because the Houyhnhnms are horses, and, as such, Swift pictures the Houyhnhnms to be gentle, amiable and reasonable creatures who rule the land like Utopia.
Through his experiences, Gulliver becomes a cynical character aware that none of the individuals he meets achieve full their full potential because they were fooling themselves under the disguise of greatness. What Gulliver's Travels seems to be saying about people is that they are generally stupid and wicked, but that they don't have to be.
Swift shows pride as what makes man think that he is virtuous and rational when he has not ascertained this fact. Swift explores social systems as his most salient attacks touch on religion, politics, and other elements of the society and the critique on the essence and failures of human nature.
As a result, Gulliver’s Travels, appears to be a work intended to incorporate both the socio- political and legal conditions of England and Ireland, along with the distorted view of an idealistic society as presented in Swift’s satirical work A Modest Proposal.
This act of distortion does not make those realities alien or unidentifiable; rather they become blessed with newer identity and meaning. On the surface level, these distorted portrayals entertain the readers by providing them with endless pleasure of comic imitations of human natures and activities.
ands of a person like Swift it became a potent weapon to attack not only people inimical to himself but to strike at the root of an ideology that was perceived by Swift, and others like him, to be injurious to the state of England. In his own works Swift could be painfully apt
Here, an attempt is made to contrast and compare some of them, mainly Laputa, Lagado and Balnibarbi, discussing striking differences between them, while showing how Swift could not depart from his own ingrained conventions and customs. London, then, is part of the