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Words and Pictures Across Cultures - Essay Example

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While the representatives of the New York School are known to have worked within the domain of the avant-garde, in their poetic and artistic works certain characteristic features of the avant-garde are dominated by the use of popular imagery typical for the 1960s’ movement of Pop Art. …
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Words and Pictures Across Cultures
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Download file to see previous pages This paper explores how popular imagery and references to popular culture rather than focusing on mere abstractions and iconoclasm prevail in the poetry of Frank O’Hara, the leading representative of the New Yorks School of poets. To achieve the set goal, the paper has been divided into four meaningful parts. The introduction provides the overview of paper’s focus and structure. The first section contains an overview of New York School of poetry and painting, with comments of its stylistic peculiarities. The second part explores the differences between Avant-garde and Pop Art. The fourth one is devoted to discovering pop imagery in O’Hara’s poems. The conclusion sums up the major ideas examined in the paper. New York School: Overview In his seminal study of the poetry of the New York School, Silverberg observes that the very existence of the latter has been a subject of hot debate. (Silverberg, 2010, p. 9). The name appeared thanks to John Myers, an editor and the then gallery director. It was coined as a commercially driven move. Myers, himself in charge of an artistic gallery, hoped to draw the public’s attention to paintings of Abstract Expressionism through the works of poetry, which were to serve as advertisements (Myers, 1969, p. 9). The New York School poets, who worked in 1950s-1960s, were greatly inspired by the works of the artists Jackson Pollock and Willem DeKooning, Robert Motherwell, and Mark Rothko, with whom they were friends (“The Artists and Poets of the New York School”, n.d., online). Also, some of the poets, namely O’Hara and Schuyler were employed at the Museum of the Modern Art; addionally, Guest, Schuyler, and Ashbery worked as critics for the magazine Art News. The specific characteristics of the New York School Poetry have been articulated by Thom Donovan, a professor of School of Visual Arts. They may easily be used as a recipe for creating a poem within the tradition of the New York School. Some of the twenty three ingredients identified by Donovan are: 1) One or more addressees to whom the author might want or might not want dedicate the poem; 2) The use of particular names of places, as well as dates (including time, day, month, also year) 3) Lots of proper names used 4) One or more reminiscences, anecdotes, asides, also digressions 5) At least one quotation, for example of what people mentioned while having a conversation or in the mass media 6) A point at which the author calls into question one or more things he/she has already said/proposed in the previous lines of the poem. 7) Something which the author finds amazing even if it hardly makes any sense to him/her 8) References to Pop Culture 9) Consumer goods and services 10) Natural phenomenon reference (so that the natural phenomenon is purposefully represented as not “natural”) (Harriet Staff, 2012, online) Avant-garde Vs Pop Art To begin with, let us identify what is Avant-garde. Historically, the term ‘Avant-garde’ with reference to the arts became popular at the beginning of the previous century. In relation to the arts, it was first used by Saint-Simon who wanted to describe artists’ contribution into making up “the vanguard of the social process for progress” (Salemink, 2007, p. 446). Since the onset of the 20th century, “Avant-garde” has been used to denote modern art. Influenced by the social upheavals, including the World War I, of the first decades of the 20th century avant-garde painters wanted to launch new art and build a new man in a totally new society. They also focused on the new worldview and relied on mystic inspiration. To illustrate, Murphy in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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