Classic and Modern Literature. Comparison of the flood Stories in the Bible and the Epic of Gilgamesh, Character Relationships to the gods. The Idea of Death According to Ancient Heroes
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Classic and Modern Literature. Comparison of the flood Stories in the Bible and the Epic of Gilgamesh, Character Relationships to the gods. The Idea of Death According to Ancient Heroes - Essay Example
Ever since age-old time, there have been very many stories about different occurrences that have affected the world in different manners. One of the major types of stories passed from generation to generation is about floods. …
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There have been tales about floods ever since the days of the bible and have continued to even contemporary times. In the bible, there is the mention of two major different floods. One of the floods mentioned is the great Babylonian flood while the other one is the flood that took place around the time of Noah (Suggs & Sakenfeld 183). In contemporary times, one of the major floods referenced is the floods that took place in the floods of Gilgamesh. It is very important to scrutinize these three different floods in an effort to identify the distinguishing activities while still trying to find out what binds them. Moreover, the discovery and understanding of the lessons learnt from the floods is a deal of great importance.
The first focus is on the floods accounted for in the bible. The great flood of Babylon is described in one major text referred to as the Epic of Atrahasis. It talks about the initial days when the world was being formed. There was only one supreme God but there existed lesser gods with less power as the initial one.
For this reason, their survival strictly depended on the amount of work that they put in their dwelling. Thus the men dug rivers so that they could attain a clear and simpler manner of getting water, the erected hills and mountains to make the world appear better and numerous other activities to ascertain their comfort.
After toiling for many years, they become tired and angry at the supreme God for making them work that hard. Upon this, human beings were created and some of them turned against their creator and worshipped the lesser gods. It was during their worship for the lesser gods that they decided to build a tower that would help them get closer to the Supreme Being. This was not a very appropriate plan as it angered God who ensured that their efforts did not succeed. God decided to wipe all of them using a flood and teach them a lesson of respect. The story of Noah’s ach is similar to that of the Babylonian flood. In the story of the arch, God had lived in harmony with human beings as long as the accorded him respect and did not carry out activities that seemed immoral. This went on for several decades until a point came that people started committing crimes such as theft, they went to other people’s houses and committed adultery and even to some extent killed each other. This took place at a large extent that made God very angry. God tried instructing the people to repent their sins and get back to living holy lives but the people did not listen. It was after this that God decided to wipe out the whole world by a great flood. However, God had mercy on the few people that continued believing in him and following his life teachings and thus instructed Noah to build an arch to prevent them from drowning. Noah took the advice and started building the arch. He invited people to go with him but most of them just laughed and mocked him. When the time for the floods came, Noah and his family together with the animals and few people who had taken his advice saved from the floods. The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the most ancient poems presented in Mesopotamia. There are different versions of the epic but the ideal and standard ones describe the story of the floods in different tablets amounting to 12. The epic rather describes the flood as a myth that has been taken seriously through time. The myth is also referred to as the The Deluge. Similar to the Babylonian and Noah stories God is the one who controlled the activities of the various physical features though differently in this case. Gilgamesh, a king at the time is in a quest for any immorality on the surface of the earth and that is when he meets Ut-napistim in the
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The Sumerians are credited with the discovery of the earliest writing system--- the Cuneiform script. The language they spoke is called Sumerian which is considered close to Arabic. The epic story of Gilgamesh, the king of Uruk in Southern Mesopotamia is written in Sumerian or Akkadian language.
Epic of Gilgamesh serves as one of the most ancient pieces of literature describing the ancient civilization of Uruk with focusing on the activities and gallantry of the fifth king as well as the protagonist of the epic i.e. Gilgamesh. Preserved in twelve tablets, the epic depicts the protagonist’s deplore over the death of his companion Enkidu.
Castle (quoted in Harker 1996, 53) defines “arete” as the ability to fully maximize physical and mental endowments. Hayward and Hambrick (1997, quoted in Lorenz 2011, 21) consider hubris as a state of extreme confidence engendered by internal disposition and external stimuli.
The Epic of Gilgamesh would be the focus of the study as the hero went on an unusual adventure in sought for immortality. Later on the epic would be linked to the personal experiences of the author of the review. The background on the Epic of Gilgamesh gives the clear ground for understanding the flow of the story.
Ancient Flood Stories (Problems for Critical Scholarship)
The allure of ancient flood stories has a powerful hold on people because the stories allude to the way how the world was created and came into being. Although shrouded in mists of the earliest beginnings of time, historians and academicians study how these stories came about and what the stories really mean to all of us.
The Epic of Gilgamesh is possibly one of the oldest stories on Earth. It originates from Ancient Sumeria and was originally written on 12 clay tablets in cuneiform script. Nobody can deny the interesting nature of the story. The Epic of Gilgamesh is well articulated and talks about the adventures of the historical King of Uruk.
He was granted a covenant from God, and his descendants repopulate the earth (Bailey, 1989). While Noah's Ark and the flood story in the Bible are the most widely known elements of Noah's story, he was also described as the inventor of wine and "first husbandman" (Bailey, 1989).
The inescapable nature of death first reveals itself in Enkidu’s dream where the gods inform him that one of either Gilgamesh or Enkidu must die for having killed the heavenly bull. All the heroism of their quest disappears in the face of this dire warning. Enkidu receives the news of his imminent death with fear and anger.
The Genesis has an uncertain date but it places between the 1,500 and 5,00 B.C consisting of events that have occurred more than a thousand years earlier. Epic of Gilgamesh has been based on the Babylonian society while the Genesis is the first book of the Tanakh, the Hebrew
The present research aims to make a comparative analysis of the account of Noah’s deluge narrated in the Book of Genesis with the similar tradition of massive flood discussed in the Epic of Gilgameshbelonging to ancient city
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