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The Sociology of Crime - Report Example

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The paper "The Sociology of Crime" discusses whether we can attribute the contemporary problem of crime to the existence of an underclass excluded from mainstream society. The study highlights criminal behavior, the problem of the crime rise attributed to the presence of the underclass…
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The Sociology of Crime
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Download file to see previous pages As such, “social life became a necessity because, through the community and the division of labor in which every individual subordinated himself to the group, the species was enabled to continue its existence” (Adler, 1946, p. 29). However, human beings are confounded by a stark contradiction…
As the human world moves towards the creation of a global village, where movement and access are encouraged, we are gripped with a grim actuality of a phenomenon known as “social exclusion”. It should be noted that there are a debate and controversy regarding the definitive meaning of social exclusion, but it is broadly defined as
A process that deprives individuals and families, groups and neighbourhoods of the resources required for participation in the social, economic, and political activity of the society as a whole. This process is primarily a consequence of poverty and low income, but other factors such as discrimination, low educational attainment and depleted living environments also underpin it. Through this process, people are cut off for a significant period in their lives from institutions and services, social networks and development opportunities that the great majority of society enjoys (Pierson, 2002, p. 7).
With social exclusion being experienced by a group of people in the society, some have claimed that out of it we have created a component of our society, which may be referred to as “underclass”. The underclass being detached from the mainstream social institutions has fallen prey to criminalised behaviour since “they adopt anti-social behaviour and has values that seem to justify this behaviour” (Pierson, 2002, p6). Being such, contemporary society has come face to face with a problem that may posit as a threat to social cohesion – the relation of crime and the experience of the underclass. Crime is a phenomenon that can be understood in two levels. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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