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Theory Essay - Coursework Example

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Summary
For every country to carry out their activities without a lot of strain, they need to have a source of revenue to finance these activities (Shadbegian, 1999. p.222). Taxes are among the chief sources of government income. They are charged directly or indirectly to citizens or…
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Theory Essay

Download file to see previous pages... According to Spicer, Michael, and Lee (1980, P 171), White collar crimes are said to be intentional illegal activities conducted by people and institutions to maximize their profits in legal transactions.” The government is usually the victim of tax evasion. Tanzi (1999 p. 267) found that tax evasion reduces finances available to the government thus impeding current development in the country. The offender is the errant taxpayer who is trying to maximize his, hers or its profits through wrongful means.
Social learning theory can clearly explain tax evasion. According to Bandura (1978. p. 12) the social learning theory deals with the socialization, that is, it concentrates more on the development of oneself, individual learning practice and the effect on the socializing individuals by the society. This theory has its roots in psychology with psychologist Albert Bandura significantly moulding it. Criminologists and sociologists often use this theory to comprehend crime. Akers, Ronald, et al. (1997 p.640) thoroughly explains social learning as when the likelihood that individuals will take part in criminal and deviant behaviour is increased, and the likelihood of their incompliance to the custom is decreased. They differentially interact with others who commit criminal behaviour and embrace definitions auspicious to the crim. They are also quite more exposed in-person or figuratively to significant criminal or deviant models, define it as desirable or acceptable in a condition discriminative for the behaviour, and have expected in the past and expect in the present-day or yet to come condition reasonably grander incentive than retribution for the behaviour.
Akers (1979. p. 638) posits differential reinforcement and modelling to be the main mechanisms by which people involve themselves in crime as the social learning theory explains. The mechanisms explaining tax evasion supports this theory. First is the beliefs mechanism where individuals can teach ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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