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tervention program since focuses on the holistic and general aspects of the child’s life other than targeting the crime itself, in addition to being cost effective.
Treatment in community settings is considered to be more cost effective (Lundman, 2003). Currently, majority of the money in crime prevention goes towards incarceration. Head Start program provides value for money and it is a better investment of government resources than prison and other criminal justice responses (Welsh & Farrington, 2009, p.871).
The program has been found to greatly deter crime for the children involved since they happen in the development of the child, and also focus on the holistic and general aspects of the child’s life other than targeting the crime itself.
Head Start is a high quality early intervention program. This is because it assists set a pattern that deters delinquency in the child’s later years. The children who participate in this program are less likely to drop out of school or engage in delinquent behaviour. According to Mitchell and Williams (1999), early intervention programs such as Head Start program lowers aggression rates and other antisocial behavior, increase IQ scores and executive functioning, and better elementary school achievement.
The other benefit of the program is that it builds strong family and children ties. It provides support to the system of parental involvement and education improving family and children functioning (Zigler, 1994).
As cited by Greenwood (2008), the most successful programs are ones that prevent the youth from engaging in delinquent behaviours. This program that targets the pregnant teens, their at-risk infants and education for their at-risk children usually includes work with parents or home visits. Head Start will assist reduce future crime since it focuses on the child’s general life since infancy.
Besides, the program will help in curbing crime because it focuses on the risk factors that make one engage in
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In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights.
A search was conducted to review literature pertaining to this issue and from the review of literature, it was clear that there does exist a strong relationship between drugs and juvenile delinquency. Addiction to drugs in this age group triggers criminal behavior for several reasons like basic social deviant behavior, thefts and fights for procuring money, battles and truffles for procuring and manufacturing the drugs illegally and due to acute euphoric effects of the drugs.
Since the early 1980s, many faultfinders of these laws have sought to end this justice system, purporting that it has not succeeded in its rehabilitation duties as well as failing to give any penalty to serious juvenile offenders. However, supporters of juvenile justice system argue most of the juveniles, the present system has the capacity of solving most of their problems and defend that a small clique of errant children who have committed serious crimes and have not experience the Juvenile Justice System should not send the public into outcry about the ineffectiveness of the system (Bernard, 1992).
Before the children rights were established, children were charged in court as adults and were also imprisoned in the adult’s jails. However, this has changed in many countries since minors or juveniles are treated in a different manner from adults. In addition to this, many reforms took place in law including the establishment of different courts for juveniles different from those where adults were charged to.
This would particularly hold much in juvenile justice system where children are active in reading and assimilate what they perceive in the society. To respond to Mrs. I, it would be best to note the best kind of juvenile justice system that may help her child, for example, early youth reforms schools mostly utilized corporal punishment, confinement, and other devices of humiliation as elements to ensure the youth is not only controlled but develops morals (Reader, 1996).
While the legal age in the United States is 18 years of age, many offenders under this age are involved in a wide range of crimes that amount to delinquency. The high incidence of delinquency in the United States is taunting, which prompts the need to prevent and reduce the incidence rates.
For instance, 1.7 million youths are annually condemned delinquent while 500,000 are in probation (Stoddard-Dare, Mallett & Boitel, 2011). Many of these youths often suffer from diverse mental disorders and difficulties, which in many instances comprise factors leading them to commit delinquent behaviors.
The author’s of this study look at correlations that exist between victimized as an adolescent and becoming a juvenile delinquent. The findings indicate that since delinquent youth engage in risky activities, they are likely to become victims of crimes themselves.
According to the study, Juvenile Delinquency and Justice, the history of juvenile justice has actually reportedly evolved since the 18th century.There have been relevant legislation enacted during the 20th century which were allegedly designed to “to turn delinquents into productive citizens—through treatment”.
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