Age discrimination should exist for juvenile delinquents because of their level of cognitive and psychosocial immaturity and because it reduces juvenile crimes. One of the reasons that juvenile arrest rates for violent crime have reached a historic lowest point in 2012 since…
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e with poor decision-making systems that make them more likely to take risks, not consider long-term consequences of their actions, and more prone to peer pressure (Cauffman and Steinberg 741; Kambam and Thompson 180).
First, juveniles are still developing their brains, wherein undeveloped brain areas may account for impulsivity and risk-taking behaviors (Siegel 16). Kambam and Thompson described the two systems that shape adolescent risk-taking actions: the socio-emotional system and the cognitive-control system. Puberty changes can create changes in the socio-emotional system that increase the youth’s need for novelty and thrill, which tend to make them more impulsive (Kambam and Thompson 179). Moreover, children’s brains have not yet fully developed in some areas that decrease their ability to control their emotions (Kambam and Thompson 180). If children are not competent enough to make rational decisions, they cannot be held accountable for their crimes.
Second, insufficient psychosocial development inhibits children from considering the long-term consequences of their actions (Siegel 16). Cauffman and Steinberg studied the effects of psychosocial factors on the maturity of more than 1,000 respondents with ages ranging from 12 to 48 years old. They determined that responsibility, perspective, and temperance are important to making mature judgments. Their findings showed that adolescents have poor psychosocial maturity because they do not know how to fully consider the long-term effects of their actions and they have less sense of responsibility for their actions. Juveniles are not completely capable of long-term thinking.
Third, children may be more prone to peer pressure, and those who live in criminogenic environments are at risk of adapting criminal behaviors. Fried et al. wanted to know the effects of psychosocial factors, specifically temporal perspective, peer influence, and risk perception, on criminal decision making. They asked 56 delinquent
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However, society does not see it fit that individuals under the age of 18 years old be prosecuted in criminal courts because of perceived inability and immaturity to appreciate the legal system. Adult courts are also seen to cause traumatic experiences for a young individual.
Sociologically, crime and deviance can be viewed as the externalities or acts that are harmful to the individual and society at large, which are prohibited and punishable by law. Each and every social setting has mores, values, beliefs and expected standards that govern interaction of the members and in the long run help to streamline coexistence.
The author states that lack of communication between parents and child, access to media at tender age is also responsible for rabble-rousing behavior. There exists complexity of causes which may persist years before the actual commitment of the offense while others may be recounted from immediate happenings in the surroundings of the young individual.
Following the incidence, prosecutors filed fitness claims so that he could be charged in an adult criminal court for an attempt to murder. The charge could have seen him serve a sentence of 15 years. However, after a lengthy discussion with his family, Shawn pleaded guilty to the charges so that the juvenile system could punish him.
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between delinquency and adolescent substance abuse and the role that the interaction of peer pressure plays and which of these is most influential. The population sample will consist of 300 students from grades 9 to 12.
Various research data depicts that family violence is the root cause of the prevalence of both officially reported and also for the unreported issues related to child abuse and neglect in USA. Apart from this, criminologists' endeavor to interpret the relationship between childhood abuse and criminality.
The types of crimes that children commit have evolved over the decades and have become of critical importance in recent years with the increased prevalence of drugs and violence. In an effort to understand the special relationship that childhood crime has with our society, it's important to look at delinquency in the past as well as its current status.
Therefore, emphasis should be given to the way a person was brought up by his parents (or guardians) because the results will either benefit or detriment the society, in general. Hence, it has been said that “stable families are the first unit in building unified
The same office noted, however, a rise in female juvenile crimes, especially for larceny, simple assault, running away, and disorderly conduct. Rising female juvenile crime rates have biological, psychological, and sociological explanations.
Actually, without unique techniques of preventing juvenile delinquency, more youths are most likely to involve themselves in criminal and risky activities making the figures to rise again tremendously. Importantly, there are multiple strategies which can be implemented that aim at solving those problems. In a point of fact, there are several factors that make young people to involve in delinquency which include various family circumstances.
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