About a century ago, the United States Juvenile Justice System was created with the objective of redirecting young delinquents from the harsh sentences of criminal courts and promoting rehabilitation/ treatment according to the needs of the juvenile. The system was to…
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Juvenile court proceedings were not open to the public and were left to the discretion of the juvenile court judge. Records were confidential to protect the juvenile’s privacy and promote his/her chances for rehabilitation, reuniting with family and rejoining into society. Because of some tensions, such as concentration on the juvenile’s welfare against concentration on his/her incapacities, deserved punishment, and the protection of society from the juvenile’s misdemeanors; different juvenile justice systems were established in every state and jurisdiction (McCord, Widom & Crowell 154). All systems of the states of California, North Dakota and South Carolina have the same goal: the treatment and rehabilitation of young delinquents. Shown in this paper are similar or different ways of addressing juvenile crimes in these states.
In California, juveniles age 17-24 years old are detained for infringements of court orders; evasion from obligation; if the juvenile has a possibility to escape; for the protection of the juvenile or society; and if the juvenile is incriminated in certain felonies. As a disposition or as a sanction for breach of trial, aside from holding young offenders in protected detention before juvenile court judgment, sentencing, disposition and consignment, a court may take a delinquent to a juvenile hall, foster care or group care; or released to parents for home confinement. In North Dakota, 17-20 year-old offenders are held in detention for his or society’s protection; if there is a possibility of escape or from being removed from court rule; in cases when the offender has no parent or guardian; or in cases when the juvenile court has issued a detention order. The state’s detention is given in 7 regional juvenile detention centers managed by the county or associations of various counties, or by the North Dakota Division of Juvenile Services provided at the Youth Correctional Center. Detention of juveniles in South
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(“Juvenile Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 10”, n.d.)
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(Juvenile Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 10)
“Juvenile Justice Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 10”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1591131-juvenile-justice.
Though these programs and programs like these are in place to prevent juvenile crimes and drug abuse, they continuously prove to be ineffective on a large percentage of youth. The inadequate results of prevention programs can be derived organizations lacking quality implementation for prevention programs and the absence of strong adult reinforcement at home.
Comparison of the Model programs and that of promising programs will allow us to see how they differ from each other as well as understanding what each approach represents. Model programs represent current programs in effect in various areas with success rates already established.
Status offending is behaviors and acts only that are only committed by juveniles such as running away and truancy. Status offending also includes acts that are lawful for adults but illegal for children such as sexual intimacy and drinking alcohol. Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol and sexual intimacy is legal for adults thus not offense (Elrod and Ryder 362).
The present legal systems treat crimes committed by the minors in a different way from the crime committed by those who have attained the age of majority. The main difference between the juvenile and adult court system is that, adult court system focuses on the avoidance and justice as the underlying principle for prosecuting offenders whereas the juvenile system is committed to rehabilitate delinquent youths into upstanding citizens with good morals (Tanenhaus 68).
The nature of their work demands an effective juvenile justice worker to possess several vital competencies including the knowledge, skills and attributes. Some of the most central competencies for the juvenile justice worker include good communication skills, patience, creativity, respect, motivation, compassion and commitment to youths.
ren and youth who enter the juvenile justice system should be treated appropriately through every stage of the program, including “prevention, early intervention, diversion, detention, probation, residential care, incarceration and post-release care”. Without an effective
The Juvenile Justice Charter School offers counseling, mental health services and anger management classes. Individuals are opted to enter the Vocational Education Program offered by San Jacinto College as well as attend drug and
As the wealthier lot is becoming richer with each passing day, there has to be a fine line of distinction towards what can be seen as acceptable and what is simply deemed as inappropriate from the very basic
In the Juvenile Justice System Flowchart published by the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice, it can be seen that after intake, there are three possible actions that can be done. These are the formal charges, diversion or no action at all depending on the nature
states, the organization model for the juveniles vary, and in some areas like Alabama, each city jurisdiction and county are allowed to decide, which are the best organizational methods for their area. This stresses on the fact that, for the juvenile system there are underlying
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