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 This paper discusses the overlapping aspects in ensuring self-defense to protect a country’s territorial integrity in the wake of belligerent postures by a neighboring country, the larger moral responsibility and requirement to steadfastly uphold the canons of international laws and conventions. …
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Download file to see previous pages The Court has a twofold role: to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States (Contentious cases) and to give advisory opinions (Advisory proceedings) on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies. (Cases).
In this case, while the aspects of Country A's military incursions and territorial transgressions remains within the area of international jurisprudence of the ICJ, it is also Need to be seen in the larger context of apparent overlapping of the UN laws on enforcing border peace accords between neighboring states with asserted impunity.
This writer cannot help but observe that in this case the complexities of international multilateral peace brokering and its implications have created more fuel for controversies than what such situations really demands.
In such cases, while it is necessary to direct thoughts and action to the perspectives adopted by affected countries, it is also equally crucial to ensure that peace process does not compromise on international conventions and established tenets of relevant laws.
It needs to be seen, whether the circumstances under which Country A could declare a state of national emergency are valid. 
Since the relations between Country A and B had been far from cordial since quite some time, it does not make logical sense to declare a national emergency at the present juncture. Moreover, the need for declaring the state as under national emergency needs to be taken after consultations with the UN observers posted along the international borders with Country B and C.
It needs to be resolved whether State A claims that the aggressive threats by State B warrant a national emergency, " since no country, under international law is allowed to renege unconditionally on its commitments in a time of danger whether domestic or foreign." (Situation of Human Rights in Egypt. 2007, p. 2).
Aspects of self-defense by Country A.
It is believed that being members of the UNO, the countries are in a position to seek the intervention of this international body under these circumstances. Moreover, since the earlier peace accord was brokered by the UNO, it does have a major interest in maintaining peace along the common borders shared by Country A and B. Country A's concerns over border transgressions and perceived overrunning of its country must be shared by the UNO if permanent peace is to be re-established in this part of the world. Moreover, it is also seen that, in the event, Country B does decide to launch a military adventure in Country A, UNO would need to intervene with military solutions through it peacekeeping organ, the International Court of Justice.  
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