Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper "The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales" highlights that restorative justice is a new form of justice that aims to divert young people from the criminal justice system.  Meanwhile, the weak link in its justice system is simply its prison overcrowding…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales"

Download file to see previous pages The acts of the Parliament can override common law provisions. Moreover, its membership in the European Union requires it to follow the European community law.
The World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems also said that the legal system in England and Wales is "adversarial" in all courts, including the juvenile courts. Its criminal justice is the "historical pioneer" of the common law type of legal system.
More often than not, the law evolves through the decisions made in previous individual cases while decisions in court influence certain perceptions and rules. Such practices might have originated from the fifth century while it was after 1066 when general perceptions regarding common law principles increased.
Also, the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems added that England and Wales' common legal systems were derived from the Acts of Union of 1536 and 1542. Moreover, the late 19th and 20th centuries have witnessed a boost in the number and scale of statutes and of delegated legislation in British law.
Just like in most countries, crime in England and Wales is classified and distinguished mostly on the basis of its seriousness. In addition, an offense may vary according to the procedure it is brought into trial. For example, if it's through a magistrates' court only, by indictment, or by the higher Crown court. It may also vary according to the sanction.
Criminal responsibility in England and Wales is 10, so those between ages 10 and 17 are forced to face a youth court if they are charged with a criminal offense. Its difference with the court for adults is that parents of the child offender may be charged with fines which they must pay and supervise their child's behavior.
In terms of drug use, the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1971 covers the terms and conditions. It listed drugs into classes A, B, or C. This act was intended to regulate the use and flow of drugs, according to the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems. And as in many countries all over the world, it is unlawful to produce, supply, possess, prepare, cultivate, and import or export and such substances.
World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems said that 1994 data shows that there were 5.3 million recorded offenses in England and Wales, this would include indictable offenses and summary offenses, 26 percent of which were cleared. About 729 of the cases were homicide charges and 220,000 offenses of violence against persons. Meanwhile, only 19,600. of these offenses were classified to be serious.
During the same year, 5,039 rape cases were recorded which accounted to only one percent of the total recorded offenses. Meanwhile, an astounding 93 percent of the overall offenses were against property, including burglary, theft, criminal damages, and fraud. As for drug offenses, 17,569 cases were reported.
Not surprisingly, about half of the total recorded offenses were to be found in metropolitan police areas while rural areas had the lowest crime rates.
Judicial System
According to The Criminal Justice System Review, the criminal justice system of England and Wales has changed drastically. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales Essay, n.d.)
The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales Essay.
(The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales Essay)
The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales Essay.
“The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales Essay”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales

Models of Criminal Justice System in England and Wales

...1 MODELS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ENGLAND AND WALES While England and Wales are trying to weather the economic recession, it had been noticed that there is a surge of crimes such as burglary, theft, shoplifting, forgery, fraud and sexual violence. Thus, Chris Huhne had been quoted as saying that such statistics were eloquent proof that "crime increases as the recession bites". In 2008 alone, 284,000 domestic burglaries had been recorded. Likewise, there were 38,082 crimes involving violent and sexual knife offences (Edwards, 2009, England and Wales try to cope with this by strengthening its criminal justice system. Unlike in USA, England and Wales have no criminal or penal code. Instead, England...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The criminal justice system in England and Wales

...Running Head: CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM Criminal Justice System [The [The of the The Criminal Justice System In England And Wales Is In A State Of Almost Continuous Change Introduction A comparative learn of two media forms such as newspapers is conducted by means of a simple systematic move toward. This approach occupied taking sections of the articles inside the newspaper and analysing them on a variety of factors such as images, context, lexis, syntax and linguistics. We appreciate images to be any form of graphical in order, context as the major story and the standard ideas it represents, lexis as the actual language used, grammar as the agreement of the lexis and linguistics as verbal communication devices such as influential...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Prison System in England and Wales

... criminal charges. According to Page (2003), the number of women prisoners in 1992 was 1300, while it reached 4000 in the year 2002. It shows that the number of women in prisons has risen by about 3 times during a single decade. The number of children under the age of 18 has also increased three times over the last decade. Moreover, the number of old prisoners over the age of 60 in the year 1989 was 345, which after ten years rose to 1000. This is an alarming condition and if it continues in the same direction there is a threat that it will cripple the entire criminal justice system in England and Wales (Press Release, 2002). This menace is further exacerbated with expected rise in the number of prisoners in future. The government opines...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Has the Human Rights Act 1998 had a major impact on the criminal justice system in England and Wales

...HAS THE HUMAN RIGHTS ACT 1998 HAD A MAJOR IMPACT ON THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN ENGLAND AND WALES? by of the of the Professor Name of the School City, State 12 January, 2013 Introduction For many years, Britain has held the tradition of regard for fundamental human rights. In, fact, Britain was among the first nations to endorse the European Convention on Human Rights. According to Janis, Kay, and Bradley, “the Human Rights Act 1998 was enacted on 9 November 1998, but it came fully into effect only on 2 October 2000” (2008, p.201). The rights stated on the Human Rights Act 1998, apply to the entire population of the United Kingdom. Nearly all the rights contained in the act are incorporated into law, and therefore the Human Rights Act...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Examine the ways in which attempts are being made to address the problem of cyber bullying in the criminal justice system of England and Wales the theories of criminology, the historical/social context of cyberbullying, and analysing the current situation and the possible reforms that will help curb cyberbullying, concluding that cyberbullying should be curbed using stringent measures by law. This essay seeks to examine the attempts that are being made to address the problem of cyber bullying in the criminal justice system of England and Wales. Theoretical context Understanding why an individual chooses to commit a crime can assist the authorities know how to assimilate the criminal.Other theories of criminology attribute crime to the criminal while others state that the...
2 Pages(500 words)Outline

Examine the ways in which attempts are being made to address the problem of cyber bullying in the criminal justice system of England and Wales

...Cyber Bullying in the Criminal Justice System in England and Wales By Law of Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 Introduction 3 Criminological theory 3 Rational Choice Theory 4 Rational Choice Theory in Cybercrime 9 Conclusion 16 List of references 18 Introduction All over the world people, wonder why other people commit crime. Whether they are born criminals or not is anyone’s guess. In England and Wales, just like in any part of the world, crime is present and especially cyber bullying. Cyber bullying has been prompted by the rise and development of technology making the crime more rampant in the digital age than it was before. Statistics in the recent past show that approximately 4,500 children have experienced bullying online...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

The Current Protection in England and Wales

Vis-a-vis the burden of the prosecution of proving the elements of the offense, there is the set of human rights to which the suspect is entitled and which must be respected by the police having custody of the suspect. These human rights range from the investigation stage to that of the trial stage of the criminal prosecution process and are provided partly by the conventions of the Human Rights Act of 1998. [The Stationery Office, 1998]
There is a great difference in law between the fundamental rights and liberties of individuals and the enforceability of rights and safeguards. The safeguards could only be made available through legislation and the provision of sufficient resources to give meaning thereto as well as make the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Proposal

Criminal Justice System in England and Wales

...The Secretary of for the Home Office maintains that the number one objective of the criminal justice system in England and Wales is and always has been the detection and reduction of criminal activity. The Home Office always endeavored to accomplish this objective by responding to societal changes and by and ensuring that justice is delivered “on behalf of victims, defendants and the community.”1 The Home office in its White Paper presented to Parliament in July of 2002 expressed a desire to accomplish justice fairly by adapting reforms that ensure an increased number of convictions.2 On the other side of the debate about the effectiveness of the criminal justice system in England and Wales, Michael Naughton argues that the Home...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Budgetary Control and Costing System

Job costing and Process Costing are the two basic methods of costing. Job costing is suitable to industries, which manufacture or execute the work according to the specifications of the customers. Process costing is suitable to industries where production is continuous and the units produced are identical. All other methods are combinations, extensions or improvements of these basic methods.

1. JOB COSTING: It is also called specific order costing. It is adopted by industries where there is no standard product and each job or work order is different from the others. The job is done strictly according to the specifications given by the customers and usually, the job takes only a short time for completion. The purpose of...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Comparison of the Cold War International System to the Current International System

An example is that of the Korean War (1950-53) which is said to transform the nature of the Cold War, while its initial impact was to solidify the division of the world into political, military, and economic spheres. Take Germany for instance where imperialism was a victim challenged by the historians for the destruction of the German Government along with its supporters used to conduct (Keylor, 2001, p. 44). That indicates economic expansion and territorial acquisition has always been a problem promoted since the First World War. Even in the 1920s, it was fashionable to declare the German empire on the threshold of the ‘Great War’ (Keylor, 2001, p. 44).

Europe in the global context remained tense and divide...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

Billing System Upgrade with Web-Based Version Project of Rick Auto Enterprises: A Communication Plan

The project is envisioned to involve changes to existing business processes, changes to existing jobs, and/or the creation of new positions. With the new web-based version, customers and auto brokers will be able to view and pay their bills online, as well as access a billing customer service agent is required. This change will affect the billing, sales, and customer service departments but it is expected to reduce costs, improve customer satisfaction, and reduce the number of days for outstanding accounts receivable.
Ownership of the existing system rests with the Billing Department. However, with the benefits projected to be derived from the upgraded system, especially with the implantation of the web-based version, the Cus...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Jury System in England and Wales

...The jury system in England and Wales has attracted both widespread acclaim as well as severe criticism. What are the justifications for both arguments and how can they be reconciled. The jury trial paradigm is an entrenched part of the criminal justice system, posited as a fundamental tool against oppression1. Indeed, Lord Devlin famously asserted that “trial by jury is more than an instrument of justice and more than one wheel of the constitution: it is the lamp that shows that freedom lives2”. Moreover, Lord Denning’s remarks in the case of Ward v James3 highlighted the overall judicial reluctance to the removal of trial by jury “let it not be supposed that this court is in any way opposed to trail by jury. It has been the bulwark...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Microprocessor System and Application

In a computer, a processor commonly involves one or more microprocessors (also acknowledged as chips), which are silvers of silicon or other substance stamped with many little electronic circuits. To perform operations on data, the computer passes electricity all the way through circuits to execute an instruction (Norton 2001.p. 5). The innovation in technology has brought a lot of facilities for us. We have better ways of life and all the facilities regarding better production and domestic tasks. Such as in the industrial production we have automatic robots that are welding, packing, moving and carrying out several other development-related tasks. These robots are pre-programmed and microprocessors based chips are controlling all...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Youth Justice in England and Wales

...1) What is your understanding of the current legal system applicable to youth justice in England and Wales and how has the media been influential in shaping it? The central pieces of legislation regulating the youth justice system in England and Wales are the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 and more recently the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (CJIA 2008) implemented as a result of media pressure and public perception of the need to combat the proliferation of youth crime. The focus of this analysis is to critically evaluate the current legal system applicable to youth justice in England and Wales and consider the influence of the media in shaping youth justice initiatives and sentencing. To this end, I shall primarily consider...
16 Pages(4000 words)Research Paper

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and Its Capacity for Addressing the Needs of the Hospitality Industry

...Independent Research Study An investigation into the Structure of the Educational System in Morocco and its Capa for Addressing the Needs and Expectations of the Hospitality Industry in the Country Submitted by : Submitted to : Course : Date : September 29, 2009 Word Count : 3,069 words STATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP “I confirm that no part of this work, except where clearly quoted and referenced, has been copied from material belonging to any person e.g. from a book, handout, another student. I am aware that it is a breach of GIHE regulations to copy the work of another without clear acknowledgement and that attempting to do so render me liable to disciplinary procedures.” ________________ Table of Contents I. Consultant’s Brief 4...
15 Pages(3750 words)Research Proposal

The Interprofessional Practice and the Health Care System

This is also the position Stone (2007) takes in the quote under discussion.
Furthermore, Stone goes on to declare that Australia has been very slow to implement this practice as compared with other countries and government agencies. One of the primary reasons is that the public policy system in Australia is quite complex and the decision-makers have not come into agreement on where to place it in the policy matrix. This leaves Interprofessional Practice and Education in the dark (or the cold) as far as strategic planning for implementation as well as placing itself within the funding cycles of the government disbursements. (Stone, 2007)
Policies are created in order to put in place how politicians and government official...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Comparative Review of Welfare System

In order to compare the welfare system of the three proposed countries, it is important to first develop a comparative method that would guide in comparing the three states. For the purpose of this paper, a binary comparison would be conducted. The implicit comparison would deal with Britain while the explicit comparison would explore the USA and Canada. Thereby a small N’ study would be used, that is, of three countries.
The three countries selected to share a similarity in the form that these countries are a welfare state. This is when welfare is mainly funded by the state. While the USA and Canada focus on the liberal welfare state, the welfare state of the UK is not quite defined.
The comparison of the welfare...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Criminal Justice System

...Criminal Justice System Crime is part of human being condition. This has been since humans began living in factions. Laws are meant to regulate people; informing people on what they can or cannot do. Moreover, it informs them what they can do under certain circumstance. Governments in social equality are servants, and the acts are viewed as a result of the will of citizens. The success of criminal laws is attributed to the opinion of the majority; whenever they believe it is just, the likelihood of the system operating effectively and efficiently is high. Most of the crimes are listed within the constitution. It further identifies a particular crime and appropriate punishment for it (Gardner & Anderson, 2014). Aspects related to criminal...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic The Criminal Justice System of England and Wales for FREE!

Contact Us