The progression of the Japan and American jury systems has progressed differently owing to the differences in the structure and history of the two countries. Here considers differences of The Japanese Quasi-Jury Vs the American Jury…
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A body was created to collect views and give recommendations on the approaches to reform the country’s judiciary. The body proposed the establishment of the quasi-jury to try the high-crime cases. The quasi-jury structure was formulated through the ‘Lay Assessor Act’ the system was a concession between the political elements and the conservative individuals. The Supreme Court was opposed to the move to create a jury that was similar to the American jury. Under the law, the judges are required to use the law in the determination of the innocence or guilt of an individual as well as give a ruling on the sentence. Moreover, the judges make a determination on matters regarding the interpretation of the laws and decisions beyond the authority of the lay assessors. A presiding judge administers the trial procedures but the statutes of evidence in Japan’s judicial process are indistinct and simple compared to the procedures in the US. The presiding judge has the authority to limit the number of questions on a witness as well as the determination of the unsuitable evidence given by a witness before a ‘Saiban-in panel’. Moreover, the opposing advocate may reject the improper assessment of the evidence. The discussions between the judges and lay assessors demand that majority as opposed to a unanimous decision. Nonetheless, the composition of the majority must have a professional judge especially when ruling on the guilt of an accused person. The information arising from is regarded as confidential while those leaking the information being subjected to a fine. The composition of the bench and lay assessors is dependent on the situation and the magnitude of the...
The legal system in Japan has been largely a civil law since the approval of the Japanese Civil Code in the late 1890s. The system was borrowed from the western nations such as France and Germany. The model persevered even after the Second World War and the adoption of the contemporary constitution in Japan. The separation of power among the various arms of the government is similar to the American model. The judiciary has autonomy like the other arms. In the US, there are divergent procedures in the cases depending on the state although they are largely guided by the constitution. The quasi-jury exercised in Japan has both positive and negative effects depending on the administration. Whereas citizen participation in the judicial process is significant, the established procedures and restrictions are important to assist in getting timely and fair justice.
The judicial system in any nation should be informed by the culture of its people and the nature of the governance structures in order to ensure the obligations are met in a desirable approach. It would be more desirable if the principles and frameworks of the jury are reformed in line with the demands of the country and the global environment. Judicial systems are viewed as essential in human-social existence in the society. The Saiban-in system has resulted in minimal effect regarding the prosecution of cases. The system has given the public a dynamic responsibility in the judicial processes, which is likely to improve when the citizens become familiar with the system and the lay judicial involvement.
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It is leaving behind its traditional customs and using the western which is more developed and better. These customs include law and governance and recently they have adopted the western judicial tradition which is the system of the jury. The quasi- jury system also referred to as the saiban-in, is a system that came into the law of Japan in 2004 but began its first ever official trials in 2009.
However, this relationship did not extend to the American government. During this era, America was under authoritarian rule. Therefore, the government would highly discourage newspapers and other forms of print media. The leadership believed that the free massive dissemination of information was detrimental to the authorities (Frasca, 12).
The origin, growth and development of Japanese art and culture
The entire world is experiencing global maturity in reference to art and literature, including Europe where their conventions of paintings, writing and architecture are increasingly popular in Tokyo these days.
Japan therefore opposed and fought against America in that war. What aggravated the tension between USA and Japan was the attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii by Japanese troops. This was an American territory, although it had not formally become a state. After this incident, USA felt that the Japanese Americans living in the country could possibly act as spies, for further attacks in the country.
Tsutsui’s (2009) globalization perspective of Japan’s postwar economy provides an account of the causal mechanisms attributable to the postwar Japanese economy movement. It is apparent that several historical events similar to those experienced by major industrialized economies influenced the development of Japanese economy.
1 The history of Pearl Harbor is long; however, some events that happened there evoke sad memories of a sad past. The most important event that had happened there is the attack of the American Pacific Fleet by Japan in 1941. Many American warships berthed at Pearl Harbor on different occasions but the activities around this place went unnoticed just like in any other lagoon harbor around the world.
At the same time, with Japan in the Stone Age, great advances in arts were being realized in China, rooted in Buddhism (Mason 23). After Japan was exposed to the advances that came through trade contacts, they started incorporating them into their own arts (Paine & Soper 42).
The author uses methods that require participants to get involved in a number of tests on different occasions and at different ages. By setting up experiments, he finds the real reason for different occurrences. He provides insights that may be used to bring results in respect of advantages and disadvantages of Quasi-Experimental Design.
Workplace Motivation is a social conception that is deeply embedded in to the workplace environments and has the capability to strongly affect the performances of the employees (McCoy, 1992).
Workplace motivation has
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that it is widely accepted that scientific jury selection is largely effective. However, the true outcome of psychological selection of jurists is difficult to say. The demographic characteristics and other factors used for selecting the jurists are not fully reliable.
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