Adolf Hitler, who made the mistake of believing in his own propaganda, would likely not have believed that his own anti-Semitic policies took him further away from his dream of atomic weapons. In driving from Germany the theoretical architect of the atomic bomb that would lead…
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The overall cost of $2 billion USD requiring over 130,000 people on thirty sites in three different countries would pay for a military, political, and cultural transformation that would define the nightmares of the age to come.
The initial weapon itself, the fission warhead functioned exclusively through the splitting of radioactive, fissile uranium, creating a chain-reaction that leads to the splitting of additional atoms of fissile uranium for a release of energy thousands of times greater that anything which could be achieved using the trinitrotoluene (TNT) high-explosives that were prevalent early in the war. Specifically, the type of uranium used was the isotope (U-235), the difficulty in the procurement and purification of this precise form was the reason why 130,000 people were required.
The Gun method requires one plug or bullet of fissionable uranium fired at a larger mass of uranium; critical mass is achieved when the two collide. Implosion requires surrounding the fissionable mass with high-explosive shaped charges that detonate inwards, compressing the mass and resulting in a chain-reaction. It is possible to combine one or more of these systems for daisy-chain successive detonations, creating weapons of compounded magnitude beyond the immediate purposes of a military campaign. (Life, Editors 1961) Such a threat no doubt adding radioactive fuel to the fires of nuclear hysteria that gripped the nation in the subsequent decade.
The most immediate consequences of the Manhattan Project led to Japan being the only nation that sustained nuclear attack in time of war. Germanys surrender in the Spring on 1945 prevented them from being a threat in time for the first Little-Boy to be constructed. It is known, however that the Nazi did succeed in acquiring supplies of heavy water, containing the deuterium that would have aided
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(“The Manhattan Project Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
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(The Manhattan Project Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“The Manhattan Project Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1576988-the-manhattan-project.
US Dropping of Two Atomic Bombs on Japan
The bombings led to devastating momentous and long lasting negative effects both on the people and the environment.
Over time, there have been serious debates as to whether the US was justified to drop the two bombs in Japan and whether the Potsdam Declaration was intended to be acceptable without the use of nuclear weapons.
The advent of nuclear weapons can be traced back to the 1930s under the influence of many scientists amongst which Albert Einstein had a primary role to play. Ever since the invention of the nuclear weapons it has been seen that many states have come out to own these weapons.
President Truman was the first person to authorize their use following Japan's hesitation in surrendering; japan had rejected the United States’ terms of surrender. The Japanese wanted to retain emperor Hirohito, and retain their ability to wage war, as opposed to the United States requirement that required surrender of the emperor, and denied japan its ability to participate in any form of military combat.
The controversial events are made possible by the development of the atomic bomb via the Manhattan Project, where many scientists collaborated in its development (Gosling 14). Also, the impending need to end the war as quickly as possible added to the reasons to the creation and the use of the atomic bomb (Wainstock 164).
Unfortunately, these answers would be, generally, inaccurate. The Manhattan Project was, in fact, a top secret, United States endeavor dedicated to understanding, developing, and implementing atomic bomb technology beginning in 1939, shortly before the start of World War II The project represented an urgent need to master the technology successfully before other nations that might be a threat.
Although originally established in Manhattan, New York by the Manhattan Engineer District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the majority of the research took place under director General Leslie Groves at the Los Alamos laboratory in New Mexico. The goal of the Manhattan Project was effectively summed up by scientist Robert Serber when he deduced, "Since the one factor that determines the damage is the energy release, our aim is simply to get as much energy from the explosion as we can." Thus, due to the nature of the program's objective, the Manhattan Project is one of scientific engineering's foremost successes.
The attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, have made it all too clear that terrorists and terrorist organizations have all the capability to wreak havoc on the innocent population with weapons of mass destruction. The threat of annihilation is brutally clear if we remain unaware of what these groups can offer.