StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Instructor Date The primary purpose of the police force in any democracy is to ensure that the citizens enjoy the tranquility without interference by maintaining law and order. On the other hand, the main objective of the constitution is to provide guidance for the citizen’s on the best practices that foster peaceful coexistence with each other…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.2% of users find it useful
Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century"

Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century The primary purpose of the police force in any democracy is to ensure thatthe citizens enjoy the tranquility without interference by maintaining law and order. On the other hand, the main objective of the constitution is to provide guidance for the citizen’s on the best practices that foster peaceful coexistence with each other. The constitution sets out the principles that necessitate the creation of a police force to ensure that the constitution is upheld. Accordingly, the constitution goes ahead to stipulate the expectations of the police (Newburn, 2003, p.120). Being that the police force receives guidance from the provisions of the constitution it, therefore, follows that the police should uphold the constitution. This yields the view that the police must love the constitution. It is crucial for the police to love the constitution because they are tasked to protect the people. In order to ensure that a police officer operates within the confines of the constitution, police officers must acknowledge, and respect the provisions of the constitution in providing these services. A police officer, in carrying out his duties, exercises a lot of discretion and; therefore, there must be limits on what the police can, or cannot do. It is vital to have a common ground that ensures police officers do not overstep their powers and limitations. The moral obligation of a police officer is to respect the rights and freedoms of individuals in the society in executing their duties (Schmalleger, 2012, p.76). Crank and Caldero (2010) provide that the duties of police officers require that the police officers observe a code of conduct that reflects on the expected norms of the profession. The police officers have to respect the desires of the society; therefore, they must follow moral guidelines in their operations. Police officers should also have values, which reflect on the elements of desirability, importance, and worth. These values should guide the police officers in making judgments during the performance of their duties. The judgments made by these officers, must be moral, and their decisions must follow from the acts, or behaviors of individuals. These acts warrant the right of police officers to intervene. The police officers must perform their duties in accordance with legislative expectations and at the same time they should ensure that their activities fall within the confines of what is considered moral. The means to end thinking encompasses the notion that the police officers act as a means to achieving the desired goals which are peace and order. Accordingly, this goal is far more valuable such that the focus is only at achieving the goal and the means of achieving it deserves a little attention. This thinking considers police officers as stepping stones towards their goals, and the purpose of these individuals is to attain these aims. This means that the police force should only aim at attaining their desired goals without regard to the means of achieving this goal. Where the primary objective is maintaining peace and order the means of attaining this goal are irrelevant to the situation and what are necessary are the results. The idea follows that the attention of the system is on the results and not on welfare or the well-being of the individuals who contribute to this end (Pollock 2011, p.29). The dangers of this thinking are that it only looks at the outcome of the situation without considering the ways of achieving the goals. This thinking only limits concerns to goals and has no regard to processes or individuals involved in the attainment of this goal. Hence, this thinking tends to compromise the desired results since the means of attaining these results must not be justifiable as long as the results are attained. Moreover, this thinking leaves the participants vulnerable and can lead to unjust methods aimed at achieving the desired goals. Without ensuring that the process involved is, just it becomes difficult to justify the outcome of such a process. The process aims at the goal and everything else can be justified by that goal is not a valid approach towards this end. According to Frost, Freilich, and Clear (2009), this thinking is dangerous as it disconnects the means of attaining a goal from the goal itself. In order for a goal to be justified, the means to attaining that goal must also be justified. Without regard to the means of attaining a goal, then it is impossible to determine whether the goals are justified or not. Similarly, placing emphasis on the goals alone leaves the involved individuals vulnerable to other factors and this affects the realization of their goals. The goals should reflect on the means of their attainment in order to ensure justifiable goals. This thinking poses threats to the validity of the goals, and it is imperative that the means of achieving a goal should be as beneficial to the goal itself. Reference list Crank, J., P. & Caldero, M., A. (2010). Police Ethics: The Corruption of Noble Cause. Anderson. Frost,N. A., Freilich J. D., & Clear, T.R. (2009). Contemporary issues in criminal justice policy: policy proposals from the American Society of Criminology conference. Cengage Learning. Newburn T. (2003). Crime and criminal justice policy. Pearson Longman. Pollock, J. M. (2011). Ethical Dilemmas and Decisions in Criminal Justice. Wadsworth Publishing. Schmalleger, F, J. (2012). Criminal Justice Today. Prentice Hall. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Research Paper”, n.d.)
Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1474631-criminal-justice-policy-and-the
(Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Research Paper)
Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/law/1474631-criminal-justice-policy-and-the.
“Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1474631-criminal-justice-policy-and-the.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century

General Electric Long Term Financing Policy

The tagline of the company is becoming “bringing good things to life” (“General Electric” n.d.).
Concerning the situation, in this paper, I would like to discuss three sections of General Electric issues. Section 1 is about the company’s long term financing; Section 2 is concerning risk management; and Section 3 is about a synergistic acquisition, which is suitable for General Electric.
In today’s business practices, investors or managements often face a dilemma. At one occasion, they need to develop their business in order to sustain growth but on the other hand they have limited budget to invest. Under such circumstances, a company should consider loan option or use their own money r...
12 Pages (3000 words) Case Study

Has Bush Pursued a Realist Foreign Policy

This discussion will address what will define the entire Bush Presidency, not simply the foreign policy aspect; the illegal, immoral and unrealistic decision to invade Iraq.
The ‘War on Terrorism’ as it is commonly referred to, was a phrase coined by United States government officials and is primarily used to justify the military initiative de jour. It is generally defined as the current conflict between the U.S. and radical Islamic factions with Great Britain being somewhat allied in the effort (Gallington, 2004). Immediately following and as a reactionary response to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks on America, Bush stated the country’s intent to initiate a ‘War on Terrorism.’ He charact...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice

Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the othe...
7 Pages (1750 words) Literature review

United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991

American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated th...
11 Pages (2750 words) Essay

Globalization and Protectionism in Our Century

...Globalization and Protectionism in the 21st Century Globalization is an international phenomenon with far-reaching consequences in the social, political and economic realms. Economic globalization, namely the spread of neoliberalism and capitalist-inspired consumerism as the dominant engine of economic growth, has both supporters and detractors. The world is becoming more and more interdependent and whether you think globalization is a good or bad thing, it is here to stay. Many people in developed countries argue in favor of protectionism because foreign wages are much lower and domestic producers cannot compete. The result is that jobs are lost as employment trends shift overseas. Seeking to explore the present international...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

In What Ways Did 20th Century Conflicts Change the Nature of Western Introspection

The 20th century period was marked by several conflicts: World War I, the Holocaust, World War II, the exploitation of Latin American countries, Racial Segregation and the Negro Revolution which spawned the Civil Rights Movement in America and the Feminist Movement.

The Holocaust is admittedly one of the most horrific events in the history of mankind and the impact of the horrors it brought changed the way Ellie Wiesel sees his faith. While Jews are known for their orthodox and unquestioning faith in God, Wiesel’s experiences in the concentration camps of Auschwitz compelled her to question God’s existence. In Night, Wiesel tells of the unspeakable hanging of a young boy who was left dangling for thirty min...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

John Rawls vs Robert Nozick: Social Justice

It is logical to look at political philosophy within the framework of history and ethics emerging from it. As could be observed, the question of justice, and how we perceive its nature has remained the prime concern throughout history. This will include, among other things, the existence of specific obligations towards each other and towards the state, the existence of natural rights, claims of property/liberty and equality.

In face of this, the Anglo-American political philosophy has seen famous philosophers like John Rowels, Robert Nozick and recently Amritya Sen to focus on issues and arguments concerning the above...(political Philosophy, 2005 pp1)

As political philosophy is about politics mainly, it s...

6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Information Security Policy of Organization

In the modern age of information technology, there are many threats created for organizational information. Organizations need a security model that has the capability to handle and secure our information reserves. Technical administrative safety /security measures like security plans, actions and procedures are the general practices for the organizational information security procedures. The attentiveness of producing actions is concerned by the organizations to an appreciably smaller level, on the other hand at the same time these are weighed up as being further efficient organizational actions than technical administrative ones. Information security encompasses organizational features, officially authorized aspects, institution...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Identification of problems in the Criminal Justice System of the US

They are on trial and will be dealt with fairly. These laws ensure that no one, even if he or she has committed a crime is abused or punished cruelly.
Following the history of civilization like in china, we see the traces of systems for Criminal justice in order to provide safety for the citizens. Evolving through the years laws have been modified and changed to form the system that we know today.
 From its start, the “U.S. criminal justice system” has advocated the idea of “checks and balances”. To avoid dictatorial rule, the people who founded this system in such a way that one person was not given control or authority completely to punish the criminals. The idea of assigning a ‘jury...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

European Union Policy: Turkey

...Running Head: European Union.... Topic: European union policy Order#: 377392 Topic: European union policy Profile of Turkey-history, geography and population: “Area: Approx 780,000 sq km (300,000 sq miles) Population: 71.9m (July 2008 est) Capital city: Ankara People: Majority Turks. Minorities recognised under the Turkish Constitution: Jews, Armenians and Greeks. Other ethnic peoples include Kurds, Circassians and Bosnians. Language: Turkish (official), Kurdish Religion: Muslim Currency: Turkish Lira (TL) Government: Parliamentary republic. Membership of international...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Criminal Justice Policy and the 21st Century for FREE!

Contact Us