Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Michael Cox Columbia College Criminology Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Background and Effectiveness Community crime prevention programs encompass a wide range of community ­based strategies or initiatives to prevent residential crime (Mawby, 2007; Rosenbaum, 1994)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.7% of users find it useful
Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program"

Download file to see previous pages 105). Neighborhood Watch, subsumed within a broad classification of community crime prevention programs, has historical beginnings in the most primitive and olden crime prevention schemes. Undoubtedly, the prevention of crime has been a preoccupation of civilizations spanning the course of time (Lab, 2004). Although crime prevention has been an invariable concern throughout history, the methods used to prevent crime have differed not only in strategic complexity but also with respect to the staff relegated to perform crime prevention tasks (Lab, 2004; Vago, 2003). For instance, quite notable distinctions among historic crime prevention schemes include the exclusive reliance on the informal social control of primitive kin groups, which had no formal system of jurisprudence, versus the utilization of a semi-formal and/or paid obligatory police force, existing within a more complex legal system (Vago, 2003). Regardless of the strategic complexity, crime prevention schemes of past have relied to a large extent on a familial (kin) and/or a neighborhood watch-style of policing- a style of policing which is congruent with the basic tenets of Neighborhood Watch and a style of policing which is being hailed as a crucial remedy to resolve neighborhood crime and disorder problems (Lab, 2004). This style of policing however does not absolve formal agents of social control from also being responsible for the prevention of crime (Bowers & Johnson, 2005). Since the 1970s, empirical studies have been conducted to determine the effectiveness of Neighborhood Watch (Rosenbaum, Lewis, & Grant, 1986; Lindsay & McGillis, 1986). These studies have focused on finding a relationship between Neighborhood Watch and reductions in (1) residential burglary, (2) fear of crime, and (3) victimizations. Other studies have also assessed the relationship between community crime prevention programs, including Neighborhood Watch and collective efficacy; informal social control; and attachment to the neighborhood (Rosenbaum et al., 1986). Early studies on Neighborhood Watch revealed the most promising findings. For instance, studies conducted in Seattle and Portland showed that the implementation of watch programs led to a significant reduction in self-reported burglary victimizations (Lindsay & McGillis, 1986). Also, program participants in Seattle were found to incorporate elements of Neighborhood Watch into their daily routines (e.g. personal protection behaviors) and incorporate elements of the program to defend their home from being burglarized (Clarke & Newman, 2006). In Portland, program participants were more apt to engage in protection behaviors that benefited them and their neighborhood. Thus, it showed that residents were engaging in personal and collective protection behaviors (Schneider, 1986). In Hartford, Connecticut, a test of Newman's (1972) notions of defensible space and territoriality also revealed promising findings. Two years after the implementation of watch programs and after the implementation of changes in the neighborhood's traffic flow, residents reported lower burglary and robbery victimizations. The study also showed an increase in resident's ability to exert informal social control- they were more willing to protect their neighborhood from intruders and more likely to interact with their neighbors (Fowler & Mangoine, 1986). Evaluations conducted in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Research Paper”, n.d.)
Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Research Paper. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1452442-investigate-a-criminal-prevention-treatment-or
(Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Research Paper)
Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Research Paper. https://studentshare.org/law/1452442-investigate-a-criminal-prevention-treatment-or.
“Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1452442-investigate-a-criminal-prevention-treatment-or.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
la
lacy74 added comment 10 months ago
Student rated this paper as
I didn’t know how to start my document. "Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program" helped me out a lot! Especially the list of first sentence was valuable.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program

A Current Crime Prevention Program

...: Neighborhood watch When people living in neighborhood work collectively and as a team then the entire neighborhood can be benefited. Crime Prevention Specialists encourage and support the children, the women and the men to watch out for any un-familiar activity in their town. This activity develops trust among them and when individuals become a team, than that certainly reduces the amount of crime in that area. Car tracking system This phenomenon can be applied in case there has been stealing of cars and motor bikes in the town. The local residents can get the tracking system installed in their cars and other vehicles to prevent the stealing of their valuable belongings. Personnel security for business oriented areas Businessmen... ? CRIME...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Prevention and Addiction Program Proposal

...? Substance Abuse Prevention and Addiction Program: A Proposal Number) Substance Abuse Prevention and Addiction Program: A Proposal Introduction Changes in the world’s modern societies have brought about variations in the society’s needs and demands. Indeed, the world has come a long way from its earlier history of agricultural existence to a more modern, industrial and technological nature. These changes in the world’s focus also brought with it different demands and needs that are normally viewed by the world as indulgence. Some of these new forms of “demands” include drugs as well as liquor and similar other substances. Indeed, as much as development has taken a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Community Poling Through Neighborhood Watch

...will discuss community concerns and will develop a community action plan about the identified concerns. Fourth, members conduct regular meetings and trainings to develop relevant skills. Lastly, a neighborhood watch member will implement a phone tree and action steps so that a systematic and fast notification could be done regularly. A neighborhood watch member must remember and implement these steps carefully to foster a successful neighborhood watch program which will lead to effective reduction of crime rates. The local crime prevention officer holds the most important role in a...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Crime Prevention Program

...of locally-developed prevention and intervention strategies and assuring that each district has in place a solid crisis plan, we can take a major step toward creating a safer learning environment for Pennsylvania's children. (Williams, 2004)Unfortunately, national incidents occurring last spring in small communities like Jonesboro, Ark. and Edinboro, Pa., have starkly illustrated that no community is immune from school violence; and that too many of our schools are no longer safe havens where children are immune from becoming innocent victims. (Harrisburg, 2008) Since its launch in February 2000, the Project PEACE violence reduction plan has been adopted by more than 160 Pennsylvania schools, including a district-wide...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Neighborhood Watch Programs

...with neighborhood watch programs have increased immensely. According to an article found in the Crime Prevention Research Review, "The report of the 2000 British Crime Survey estimated that more than a quarter (27 percent) of all households (approximately six million households) in England and Wales were members of a neighborhood watch program" (Holloway, Bennett, and Farrington). The same article goes onto state that "Nearly all studies found that neighborhood watch areas were associated with lower levels of crime" (Holloway, Bennett, and Farrington). Some even go as far as to saying...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Neighborhood Watch Research Study

...Neighborhood Watch Research Study The Neighborhood Watch program has proven to be an effective community solution to problems caused by social disorganization. This criminological theory explains the failures of a community’s schools, police and neighbors to collectively come together in an effort to solve its crime issues. Thus it is not surprising that the reverse, or active community involvement such as the formation of Neighborhood Watch programs (NWP), is an essential element in the reduction of crime. This discussion briefly examines the social disorganization theory regarding criminal activity...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Injury and Illness Prevention Program

...Learning Objectives: At the end of the research, you will be able Identify some common illnesses and injuries found at work, and Enumerate ways to prevent and handle common injuries and illnesses at the workplace for an industrial worker. Introduction The workplace is a significant element of life for those with jobs. Normally, people spend at least eight hours at the workplace. Most workplaces are indoors and are usually safe, but for those who work in the chemical industry, workplaces are as dangerous as the substances and the equipment being used and made in the industry. Volatile materials and heavy machinery can pose a risk for the health of the workers. Injuries and illness in the workforce can cost companies huge...
9 Pages(2250 words)Term Paper

Crime Prevention Program

...Crime Prevention Program Introduction Crime Prevention Programs are required to be developed on the basis of citizen involvement and the preventive measures which are necessary for reducing crime rate. In this regard community plays a very important role since it has the most significant influence over the personality of an individual and also because it is responsible for generating crime opportunities. Crime Prevention can be done through awareness programs, mass media, etc (Dennis P. Rosenbaum, 1998). Delinquency is highly influenced by the rate of poverty as they both maintain very close association and the decrease in one leads to reduction in the subsequent variable. Considering this fact the researchers have concluded... that in...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Investigate a criminal prevention program

...and supporting strategies addressing crime related issues through police and community partnerships. Neighbourhood watch- which is a community mobilisation strategy where citizens organize groups to prevent and report neighbourhood crime and disorder. Comprehensive programs which encourage involvement of local and state government, the private sector as well as the community to respond to violent crimes, drug abuse and improve the standards of living in the community by incorporating multiple approaches. Finally the Ad hoc law enforcement activities that are related to prevention of crime. Broken windows theory This is a crime prevention theory that was...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Prevention-related program

...Prevention-Related Program Prevention-Related Program Introduction Children are normally faced with a number of problems that relate to their development such as readiness for school, health, martial/intimate relationship enhancements and bullying among other issues. If the problems are not corrected or sorted out early enough, some of them might end up affecting the entire life of the children. For instance, if a child has a serious eye problem that is not dealt with early enough, then they might end up living his or her entire life blind or if a child is constantly bullied, then they might end up resenting bullies of any kind for their entire lives. Some of these...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Neighborhood Watch Prevention Program for FREE!

Contact Us