StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Sentencing Guidelines Reform - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
There have been a number of reforms in sentencing policies within the recent years, with policies being enacted in at least 22 different states within the United States…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.8% of users find it useful
Sentencing Guidelines Reform
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Sentencing Guidelines Reform"

Download file to see previous pages Likewise alternatives have been looked at for offenders of non-violent crime, such as community service. The Need for Sentencing Reforms The prison population has been rapidly growing for many years, with an increase of 7% in the period from 2000 to 2005 (King, 2007). The cost per day per prisoner of keeping criminals incarcerated is significant making the increases in prison population detrimental to the budgets of many states. In addition, there are costs associated with building new prisons if the population increases to that extend, and the associated space and land use. This places heavy demand on policy makers to try and determine sentencing laws and reforms that will limit the prison population. Punishments for crime are developed for multiple reasons including political, such as trying to win votes in an election, however one of the predominant drivers is decreasing the level of crime. The potential outcomes for committing a crime play a large role when individuals decide whether to follow through with a crime. For example, crime and punishment can be viewed as part of an economic model, where those who consider crimes weigh up the benefits of the crime versus all the potential costs. If the punishment for crime is high compared to the reward, then they are more likely to reconsider, this is especially true if the likelihood of prosecution and punishment is high (Reynolds, 1990). For this reason changes in sentencing must look at a balance between keeping the number of prisoners low, but still providing effective punishment and deterrent for crimes. In addition, punishment for crime can act to change behavior in criminals. For example, drug offenders are often driven largely by a need which comes from their addiction, and thieves may be responding to greed. Prison life may change this desire in a portion of those who are incarcerated, giving them time to think about who they are and what they are doing. Programs within prison and outside of it that focus on breaking addictive behaviors, such as treatment options for drug offenders can also be very productive methods of reducing crime rate. This is because without the addiction driving them, many criminals that committed drug offenses will no longer have the same strong need or desire to. Finally, incarceration is not an effective solution in all cases. When a crime is committed out of a perceived need, particularly in the case of drug addiction, incarceration acts as a punishment, but does nothing to reduce the likelihood of re-offense. When the criminal is released, the drivers that caused him to offend in the first case are still present, and re-offense is very likely. Drug Based Sentencing Reforms Sentencing reform legislation has focused on criminals who have committed low level offenses. This section will examine some of the types of legislation in more detail. Thirteen states passed legislation that looked at increasing the available options for drug treatment for the large number of non-violent drug-based crimes. Of these states, nine passed laws that created or extended sentencing diversion for drug offenders. Sentencing diversion involves sentencing sending the criminal to a facility or a program that worked with them in treating their drug problem. This was already present in a number of states, but sentencing reforms worked to clarify ambiguities within the law, thus allowing sentencing diversion to be used in an increased number of cases. Louisiana established a different sentencing diversion model for drug crimes than is used in other states. The model in this state allows for the sentence to be diverted and the individual to begin the treatment program without a statement of guilt, or a ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sentencing Guidelines Reform Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1430791-sentencing-guidelines-reform
(Sentencing Guidelines Reform Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/law/1430791-sentencing-guidelines-reform.
“Sentencing Guidelines Reform Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1430791-sentencing-guidelines-reform.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sentencing Guidelines Reform

The Constitutional Reform Act of 2005

...The Constitutional Reform Act of 2005. On February 24, 2004, a bill was introduced in the House of Lords that sought to redefine the role of the judiciary and after amendments, has finally been approved by both Houses as the Constitutional Reform Act of 2005. The purpose of this reform is directed towards strengthening democracy and enhancing the credibility of public institutions1 while also recognizing the value of judicial independence and the need to preserve it.2 The major provisions of the Constitutional Reform Act include: (a) abolishing of the office of Lord Chancellor (b) creating a new, independent Supreme Court to replace the system of Law Lords (c) creating a new Judicial Appointments Commission. (d) Provisions...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Theories of Punishment and Sentencing

The high economical cost of prison, the rising prison population and humanitarian concerns regarding prison do not generally lead people away from the idea of prison usage altogether, though. The larger concern of public security prompts people to demand that the government do what is necessary to provide that safety. Statistical arguments about the effectiveness of non-custodial sentences had much less influence than the values and underlying principles of those values such as restitution and social reintegration of offenders. People accept that some types of offenders require different, possibly non-custodial punishment requiring community service, curfews, and tagging. Research has shown that the prison population level and tim...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Tax Reform Situation in American

The tax process has been reformed, changed, developed, organized and is now one of the most complicates codes of law in the world. Some of the reforms underway are still being debated and they must be examined to show how the reform process takes place in America.

Overall, American taxation involves payments from individuals to four levels of government depending on where they reside. Taxes are due to the local government i.e. district or country, to the regional bodies like schools and utility providers, to the state government and finally, to the federal government. Other than general income tax on companies and private persons, the American government collects taxes and contributions for Social Security, Medicare and...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

The Reform of the Prohibition of Research into Jury Deliberations

...Discussion on the Reform of the Prohibition of Research into Jury Deliberations. Introduction: For several years now, there had been many court casesof which the jury trial was questioned, in the United Kingdom, United States, and elsewhere. Shadows of doubt, shady and apparent, were presented against these deliberations, decisions, and votes, but it is still used and trusted by the public in determining guilt of persons charged with criminal offence. Court cases have also been filed with regards to jury deliberations questioning it whether acts or acts of omission were constitutional, adhering to human rights law, right of information, Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996, among other things. Likewise, popular or celebrated...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

Company Law Reform Bill

...February 2007 Company Law: Company Law Reform Bill The Companies Bill (earlier popular as the Company Law Reform Bill) is a major steptowards extensive reform of UK company law. The government considers that these principles while long established lack certainty and are not easily accessible. Very often, directors have to take advice in these areas so as to ensure that they do not inadvertently breach any duty enshrined in the case law. The government therefore believes that codification of directors’ duties will make the law in these areas more consistent, certain and accessible. Companies Act 2006 (‘the Act’), which received Royal Assent on the 8th November 2006, codifies directors’ duties including the long-established fiduciary duties...
14 Pages (3500 words) Coursework

The Concept of Security Sector Reform

...Topic: What do you understand by the concept of security sector reform? In what ways could it offer a way forward in weak s? Explain with examples Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a concept that emerged in Eastern Europe in the 1990s. It begins where a malfunction security sector is not capable of providing security to the state and its inhabitants efficiently under secular set up. A spoilt and malfunctioning security sector comes in the way of long term development, democracy and peace. SSR is both operational as well as normative in concept. Security Sector Reform, according to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (SSR) is “another term used to describe the transformation of the ‘security system’--which includes...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper

A Plan to Reform the US Healthcare System

The regimes need to be proactive in nature which means that the vision of having the related healthcare systems within the US medical departments and hospitals should be an ongoing activity rather a one-step, a reactionary move which usually happens from time to time, usually due to one calamity or a catastrophe that hits the particular region within the United States of America. Thus in this paper, our focus would be set on discussing the healthcare systems that are operational within the US and also pinpoint the gray areas where some particular steps could be taken to ward off the negativities thus attached to them. 

A healthy person is not difficult to define. He or she is a person who does his chores regularly...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper

Homicide Law within England and Wales: Is There a Need for a Reform

.... “The report of the House of Lords Nathan Committee and the more recent report of the committee chaired by Lord Lane, formerly Lord Chief Justice, provide a most cogent case against the continuation of the mandatory sentence.10” Many Human Rights organisations at different stages, under different circumstances, had been forcing the government that the homicide laws of these two regions should be reformed and all the killings cannot be put under the same category as the circumstances could be conflicting. Every time, a questionable case that deserves a lesser sentence comes up, there had been public outcry and media insistence for the extensive reform of the homicide bill. Not only in England and Wales, but also in Scotland and Northern...
56 Pages (14000 words) Dissertation

The Vision of Social Reform and Racial Justice

... may have been shrewdly calculated. Addams and Washington saw the vision of social reform and racial justice as a game with very high stakes, one where “going for broke” could be disastrous. Both saw the best path to an equal society better won by negotiating the deal. Perhaps, the very actions that many have criticized Addams and Washington for, were calculating moves in a complicated contest. Addams, a middle-class white woman with a liberal college education, paid for by her parents, established Hull House in Chicago in the same way that many settlement houses for the poor were instituted. There was a need for relief in a poverty stricken area, she was educated and capable, and she had people to back her. On the surface, it seemed very...
11 Pages (2750 words) Case Study

Sustainable Guidelines for Road, Education and Health Infrastructure Developments

...SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES al Affiliation) Introduction It is imperative to undertake the development of an effective sustainable guideline for any potential development project. The concept of sustainability entails the effective and efficient utilization of resources while undertaking conservative measures to ensure that the potential of these resources to support future generation is not compromised. Formulation and implementation of sustainable development guidelines plays crucial role in any development project in the contemporary society. One of these importances is that, such guidelines are usually applied to provide a direction on development in a manner that available limited resources are properly utilized without...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Sentencing Guidelines Reform for FREE!

Contact Us