StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps
Introduction
The juvenile justice system has been found unprepared to deal with children’s developmental paths to delinquent behavior, rehabilitation, and therapeutic problems. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92% of users find it useful
Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps"

Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps Introduction The juvenile justice system has been found unprepared to deal with children’s developmental paths to delinquent behavior, rehabilitation, and therapeutic problems. Today no nation can hold back so long from looking into how the other nations practice criminal justice system. As per the findings of the National Research Council (1993a:2), the US government policy on juvenile delinquency (which treats juveniles as adults) “fails to provide resources, support, and the opportunities essential to a healthy development and reasonable preparation for productive adulthood” (Juvenile crime, juvenile justice, 2001). In contrast, England has been maintaining a liberal approach to juvenile delinquency and punishment considering juvenile crime as the decline in morality that is attributed to numerous socioeconomic factors. The Youth Justice Board for England and Wales which oversees the youth justice system is the best example of the nation’s concern over the issue. Moreover, according to the European Union criteria, countries are required to abolish capital punishment for any crime. Thus the international context must be taken into consideration while initiating further studies on the issue. According to the international law, the death penalty and life imprisonment without parole for criminal offense committed by a juvenile involve an issue of human rights. Amnesty International reports that even after the Declaration of Human Rights sixty years ago, there are still human rights violations, injustices, inequalities, and impunities taking place around the globe (Annual report 2011). While some of the nations have stopped sentencing juveniles to death or life without parole, still the majority of the countries continue executing juveniles. The literature review points out that little research has been done on the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs or no studies have been made on how efficiently the development programs for juvenile offenders can be carried out. The researchers must evaluate the impacts of development programs on grave, aggressive, and chronic juvenile offenders. Therefore, it is high time to do further research on the usefulness of psychoanalysis and rehabilitation for juvenile offenders. Gaps and Recommendations Early intervention along with community initiatives has been found effective for the juvenile crime prevention programs. However, there has been a lack of sufficient steps taken either in studying the facts or to undertake projects about the psychoanalysis and development for adolescent reprobates. As mentioned above researchers must analyze the impacts of development programs on grave, aggressive, and chronic juvenile offenders. These programs must be prepared to gain access over the youth’s emotions through activities, and to address the offenders’ emotional detachment and inability to be accountable for their crimes. This will become easier once the juveniles are well informed of the effects of drugs, gangs, weapons, and sex. The sole objective of the juvenile justice system is to make the juvenile delinquents liable for their crimes so that they would become responsible citizens of the country. Prevention of crime, successful rehabilitation, and character formation through education and other interactive activities are some of the expected outcomes of this procedure. According to Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice (2000), a national initiative, and ultimately an international one should be made to examine how knowledge about adolescent development can inform policy-making and practice in the juvenile justice system. Such initiatives should also take into consideration the influences of family with regard to its socioeconomic status, culture, and history on the behavior of the adolescents that turns them to be either lawbreakers or guileless. If they are more loved, they become more comfortable in the family, at school or in society and are less likely to engage in offensive behaviors including committing violence. As Adebayo (2011) points out, while researching on this particular element of family relationship, the point to be focused is that the well being of adolescents still rests in the strong feeling of being cared for by parents. This method would be a more preventive strategy than a curative strategy always welcomed. Families and society can minimize the risk elements and maximize the protective elements throughout the growth and development of children, from birth through adolescence, which in turn can provide all youths with productive and crime-free lives. The Supreme Court has been assessing the justification of sentencing juveniles since 1976. By reviewing various cases of the same sort, the court concluded that age factor must be one of the important elements for judgment. The same age factor is the base for suggestions for the rehabilitation of such juvenile offenders. Only a small number of offenders who pose a certain undeniable threat to the safety of other juveniles need to be kept out of the general rehabilitation program. The juveniles must be looked upon with multifaceted and multidimensional methodology, and far more than just looking at their criminal offensive behavior. The treatment too is a complex process of maintaining a therapeutic relationship, where a “treatment process” will be more suitable than a “treatment method”. Conclusion In total, lack of comprehensive research is evident with regard to the procedure of the juvenile justice system. The Juvenile Justice System requires focusing on rehabilitating the juvenile offenders, and that is ethically more right than the death penalty. The system should be competent for advising youths to lead productive and crime-free lives. Hence, there must be further research on this particular issue of rehabilitating juvenile delinquents. Such research must consider the applicability of treatments using psychotherapy, because attitudes and characteristics strongly influence the outcomes of therapy while dealing with the adolescent reprobates. It should also define the fundamental difference of youth and adults based on their potential for rehabilitation and level of responsibility. References Annual report 2011: The state of the world’s human rights. (2011). Amnesty International. Retrieved from http://amnesty.org/en/annual-report/2011/introduction Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. (2000). “Should juvenile offenders be tried as adults?: A developmental perspective on changing legal policies”. Temple University and The John D and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network, 1-8. Retrieved from http://www.northwestern.edu/ipr/jcpr/workingpapers/wpfiles/Steinberg_briefing.pdf Adebayo, A. J. (2011). Rehabilitation and control of juvenile delinquency offenders. Yale- New Haven Teachers Institute. Retrieved from http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/2000/2/00.02.01.x.html Juvenile crime, juvenile justice (2001). Commission on Behavioral and Social Science and Education. The Natioanl Academies Press. Retrieved from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=9747&page=15 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1430714-youth-and-the-death-penalty-gaps
(Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/law/1430714-youth-and-the-death-penalty-gaps.
“Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1430714-youth-and-the-death-penalty-gaps.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps

Dreams in Arthur Millers Death of a Salesman

From the play’s dialogues and descriptions, the reader sees that the Loman knows the weakness of believing in half-truths about the circumstances but they choose to continue on the wrong paths. Willy, the head of the family, is not a good leader as he leads his family into believing that the road to success is based on a set of ideas that do not work in his American society. For example, he thinks that Biff should not be made to study because having spirit and personality is more important than being a ‘worm’ (bookworm). He condones his sons’ theft of property, cheating at examinations and other wrongs. The Loman sons, Biff and Happy, discuss how Willy has had a few car accidents because he had difficulty c...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Controversies in the Death Penalty in the US

In 2003 Amnesty reported 1,146 executions in 28 countries, 88% of them in just 5 countries: The People’s Republic of China 726, Iran 108, the U.S. 65, Vietnam 64, and Saudi Arabia 52 (Netipedia.com, 2006). The U.S. went on to carry out 59 executions in 2004, 60 in 2005, 53 in 2006 and 11 until March 2007 (Death Penalty Information Center, 2007). Today, the death penalty has been abolished in the vast majority of democracies in Europe and Latin America, while it is still retained in most democracies in Asia and Africa, the U.S., Guatemala, and the countries of the Caribbean (Netipedia.com, 2006).

As on April 2, 2007, there were 38 states in the U.S. with the death penalty and 12 without. Between 1976 and 2007 there...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

The Role of Leadership in Attracting Youth to the Church

Not everyone can be a leader because leadership needs specific talent and capability coupled with knowledge and strength of good character. Such leadership is more evident when it has to do with religion and the Church.

Especially in these Modern times, being a leader is by no means an easy task. It calls for a lot of sacrifices and hard work because the youth of today are not the youth of a few centuries ago. Human beings are like institutions that undergo various changes throughout their lifespan. In the beginning, they are filled with vigor and vitality, but over a period of time, due to lack of proper guidance or laxity on the part of its leaders, monotony sets in and one loses their interest. Hence one of the vital...
6 Pages(1500 words)Thesis

Factors Determining Voting Patterns in Youth Vote

It is estimated that 3.4 million more young people cast their ballots in this election than in the election of 2004, and the surge in youth turnout accounts for at least 60 percent of the total increase in voter participation in 2008. Voters under the age of 30 increased their share of the overall electorate to 18 percent, up to one percentage point from the previous 1996 to 2004 elections, according to the National Exit Polls (NEP) conducted by Edison and Mitofsky. (Pawlenty, 2008, p. 2) The impact of the youth vote proved crucial in claiming the battleground states of Florida, Ohio, and Virginia. Thanks to the youth vote, these electoral college vote-rich states were successfully converted to blue (Democratic) states (Bell, 2008...
11 Pages(2750 words)Assignment

Law Studies: Disposition after the Death

One of the first things that Abelard needs to do is to make sure his wishes are expressed in his will. He may also want to name a close and trustworthy friend to be the executor of his will such that that individual may interview the children of Abelard at the time of his death in order to make a subjective judgment as to whether the children are in fact followers of the Christian faith or if they are only claiming to be. In the event that the children have deceased, then Abelard’s furniture is to go to a museum that may also be executed by Abelard’s chosen executor. In addition to naming the executor, it is critical that Abelard ensure that communication regarding his exact intentions is in detail, within the will and...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Youth Aggression and Violence: A Psychological Approach

Fergusson et. al. (2002) state that deviant peer choices are prone to contribute to an adolescences propensity to commit the crime, and that this is consistent with a growing amount of evidence. However, their study was able to study how deviant peer choices affects on a crime committed by the adolescent at different ages. The results showed that deviant peer choices and their influence on youth crime decreases as the adolescent gets older. Fergusson et. al. (2002) believe that these results are in accordance with developmental stages, as escalating life experience would ensure less vulnerability to peer influence.

Additionally, evidence shows the affects an unstable family environment can have psychologically and behav...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Death Penalty: Does it Serve as a Deterrent to Future Crime

Animal instincts are directed towards self-preservation and it is the law of nature that a stronger and healthier individual has more chances of living than his weaker counterpart. The survival of the fittest has now been established as a ground reality according to Darwinian philosophy. If we eliminate our civilized thought process, it emerges as a stark reality that we would not desist from attacking another living person or animal when we are overcome by the basic needs of food, shelter, and clothing. In times of natural disasters like earthquakes, wars and floods, and manmade disasters like war, it is not uncommon to witness ravaged populations shedding the façade of civilization and resorting to violence in order to fu...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Death of a Salesmen: Tragedy or Not

The diversity of the issues that have been subtly raised in his work and the way each of them has been treated in his various works have helped the author achieve the literary acclaim that he rightly deserves. The author has succinctly shown through the protagonist of the novel, Willy Loman, that the life is not a bed of roses but fraught with tragedies that force one to realize that mortality and pain are part and parcel of life It is a sensitively written play that depicts the dual nature of the life of a common man. While the play can be treated as a tragedy in the context of modern literature, some critics have contested the same under Aristotle’s interpretation of tragedy. 

Aristotle in 330BC had defined...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The National Youth Agency

A local area of Ofsted provides this organization with a perfect opportunity to inspect children and young people and contribute much to develop social networks. The concept of social capital is a key concept, which determines the Coalition Government’s aspirations for a Big Society development. It is relevant to distribute power "from the state to society; from the center to local communities, giving people the opportunity to take more control over their lives" (An investigation into the delivery of Integrated Youth Support Services (IYSS) in England: Headline findings from quantitative data collection, July 2010). Youth organization works in three main directions: participation in education, employment, and training. Young...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

The Theme of Death in Shakespeares Hamlet

The play goes ahead to question whether kings do possess a heaven’s free pass. The theme of death in Shakespeare’s Hamlet, therefore, has an influence on the lives of living human beings (Bloom 45).
In Hamlet’s mind, the idea of death did not seem awful. However, despite the fact that he became obsessed with the notion, the afterlife uncertainty frightened Hamlet from committing suicide. Hamlet’s turning point took place at the scene of the graveyard in the fifth act of the play. It was before Hamlet became revolted and shocked by the living’s moral corruption. However, when he saw the skull of Yorick whom he loved and respected propelling, he realized that death does eliminate the differences th...
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Youth and the Death Penalty Gaps for FREE!

Contact Us