Free

Effect of suspect race on officers' arrest decisions - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Article Evaluation The article “Effect of Suspect Race on Officers’ Arrest Decisions” by T.R Kochel, D.B Wilson and S.D Mastrofski, is a research paper that addresses and examines the fact whether US police officers’ decisions to arrest an individual depends on matters of racial discrimination…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.9% of users find it useful
Effect of suspect race on officers arrest decisions
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Effect of suspect race on officers' arrest decisions"

Article Evaluation The article “Effect of Suspect Race on Officers’ Arrest Decisions” by T.R Kochel, D.B Wilson and S.D Mastrofski, is a research paper that addresses and examines the fact whether US police officers’ decisions to arrest an individual depends on matters of racial discrimination. The hypothesis of the research is that the police officers, in the USA, indulge in racial discrimination in cases of arresting individuals for crimes. Due to this method of racial profiling followed by the police force, Blacks are arrested more than the Whites for a given set of crimes. This racial profiling is more in case of trivial crimes but less so for serious crimes. The dependent and independent variables considered in this study are as follows. Arrest versus a less severe form of punishment is taken as a dependent variable. The citizen’s race is taken as an independent variable. These are the two main variables considered but there are a number of variables considered in different papers. There are legal factors like the strength of evidence, complainant’s cooperation, seriousness of offence, criminal record of suspect and mandatory arrest policies. Then, there are extralegal factors like the personal characteristics of the suspect and the complainant, the need, dictated by the conditions, to exercise control and the level of intimacy between the antagonists. The methodology of Meta-analysis was used for data collection and for a sample to be used it had to satisfy the following criterion. It had to be collected within USA. It had to show a clear relation between race of the suspect and incidences of arrest. The time limit for these data was infinite. Published and unpublished, both forms of data were used. The prior literature reviewed showed that though public opinion claimed the presence of racial discrimination in police officers’ decisions to arrest, a panel of academics claimed that the findings were so mixed up, it was difficult to come to a definite conclusion. This is the reason that this research had to be conducted, in support of the public opinion. The prior literature review was definitely not an adequate representation of all relevant studies as it seems to have indulged in the collection of biased data, mostly from police records that would have completely hidden the problem. The findings suggest that even though the probability of arrest of Blacks has been high, the result has been heterogeneous throughout the different studies. However, overall result suggests that the probability of a Black getting arrested is 30 percent higher than the same for a White. This research can be generalized and its generalization will have huge social implications. This is because racial discrimination is followed against the African American population in USA, pertaining to not just legal matters but also, political, social and economic. And, why just USA, this is the trend of occurrence in most other European countries or countries where the majority of population are Whites. The research design chosen was considerably adequate for the purpose of the research. Inclusion of a number of variables from studies compiled by a number of published and unpublished sources and an infinite time period ensured that the research is unbiased and not subjected to limitations. The data was presented and discussed with great precision and in an organized manner. The results from the study are extremely relevant as it showcases the existence of unjust racial discriminating practices in so-called developed countries like USA, and that to on the face of unanimous public opposition. The result from this study has to be kept in mind in times of policy formulation and while taking other administrative decisions. Four main hypotheses are put forward by this study. They are as follows. i) The data collected by researchers was most dependable but, on the whole, differences in data sources did not show much variation in result. ii) The mean given by regression models was higher than the one given by OLS-models, however, they are not large enough to be statistically significant. iii) Racial discrimination was higher in case of juvenile crimes but the data, in this case was biased. iv) Incidences of racial discrimination were lower in case of serious crimes. This may be due to the exercise of more scrutiny of police action in these cases. There are three potential drawbacks of this research paper. It stresses that racial discrimination, in matters of the law, exists USA but it does not state clearly the causes for its occurrence. It also does not suggest a clear policy as to how this problem can be solved. Even though this paper concludes that there is robust proof of more incidences of arrest of Blacks than whites, in proof it is clear that heterogeneity exists throughout the studies. Thus, the inference is not backed by solid proof. It may be conclude that the relevance of this paper may be immense if the minor flaws in it are amended. It will be a first step toward a society devoid of discrimination and disparity and truly fulfill the goals of democracy. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Effect of suspect race on officers' arrest decisions Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/law/1430609-effect-of-suspect-race-on-officers-arrest
(Effect of Suspect Race on officers' Arrest Decisions Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/law/1430609-effect-of-suspect-race-on-officers-arrest.
“Effect of Suspect Race on officers' Arrest Decisions Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/law/1430609-effect-of-suspect-race-on-officers-arrest.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Effect of suspect race on officers' arrest decisions

Torture of bomb suspect

...? Torture of Bomb Suspect Introduction Torture is often used during military interrogations with an aim of eliciting responses from suspects. However, the ethical implications of torture and the reliability of the evidence that emanates from torturing victims leads to the questioning of the torture option as a means of interrogating suspects. The terrorist bombings of the USS Cole in 2000, led to the use of torture on the al Qaeda suspect by the US military at Guantanamo Bay with a view of making him admit to the crime. This paper analyses the case of Nashiri who was suspected to be a mastermind of the Cole attacks so as to establish the legal and ethical...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

The Effect on Job Satisfaction Among Urban Police Officers

...and to express satisfaction with the fulfillment of organizational goals. A major stressor for many line officers is their supervisor (Stratton, 1984). This is not an unsurprising detail in any organization. And yet, police supervisors are important individuals in any organization because their decisions ultimately impact on the success or the failure of the organization. The actions of the supervisor in the daily management of activities often effectively determine the leadership trends (Stratton, 1984). This scenario can however create negative employee attitudes which impact on the ability of the officers and the supervisors to build rapport. It is important to note...
81 Pages(20250 words)Dissertation

CARDIAC ARREST

...of the heart. A person during the test is requested to indulge in exercise to make the beating of the heart faster. c)MRI Scan :MRI scan is a very effective and safe testing procedure which uses radio waves to give elaborate picture of heart. The test also shows the moving of heart and its vessels. As per (Geddes ,2009,pg.10-15) “MRI scans could soon reveal who is at risk, avoiding the use of invasive probes that can themselves trigger heart attacks”. Treatment In current world, there is abundant reason for people to fall sick and get diseased. Among them disease cardiac arrest is one of the most prominent reason for death in developing and developed nations. The most notable reason behind cardiac...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Probation Officers and Parole Officers

...of the youth authority, corrections and the federal department of justice accounts directly to their particular parole boards and their main task is supervising their clients. Before the discharge of an offender, parole officers prepare arrangement and recommendation for their client. Parole officers approve such services as housing, counseling, social activities, employment and education (California Occupational Guide, 3). On the other hand, probation officers are usually at the courts and they execute pre-sentence investigations and organize reports on their clients. They also aid their clients to go back to the free society. They also implement courts order, which may incorporate them...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Officers Perspective

...Officer’s Perspective As an officer, my biggest challenge is to make sure that the law and order conditions within my sphere of profession are adhered to in a staunch way and that any transgressions within this department are taken care of by me in a proactive manner. I would make sure that my biggest challenge does not pose as a hindrance within my working domains and gives me enough confidence and motivation to fulfill my obligations time and again. My challenge would be taken care of by my skills and abilities and if I do not fulfill them accordingly, then there is no use in me being an officer. My challenge is therefore something that I hold very closely to my heart and I will do...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

House Arrest: Annotated Bibliography

...notice or warning about their reimprisonment, and some appealed the process. The article finds that the inmates should have been given notice before their arrest and reimprisonment. The article tells of a particular case of poor decision-making, and is not generally applicable to most people under house arrest. It is a report of a specific incident that occurred and how it was resolved, rather than a consideration of house arrest itself Civic Research Institute. (2011a). Arizona Statute Requiring "Electronic Monitoring Where Available" Unenforceable on Non-Resident. The Journal of Offender Monitoring, 22. This article is interesting because while it applies to a specific...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Probation Officers versus Parole Officers

...to the parole officers (Cole, Smith & DeJong, 2012, p. 672). This is apparently because the officer is not in a position to visit every day or at least more frequently as in the case of accessible neighborhoods. They include the right to search the place of residence without notice, and arrest if the officer suspects that any form of violation has been committed. An example of the parole officer being a cop is given here as an illustration. Newton had been on parole for some time in New York City. A parole officer received an alarm call from social workers that a parolee was threatening his parents with a gun. With two...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Correctional Officers

...Labor Dept., 2007) Many of those with good educational background, long experience and effective training are given a chance to take the position of correctional sergeant who manages correctional officers, scheduling and supervising activities of the other correctional officers. Advancement and promotion is easy in a career like this as many officers can become supervisors and administrators and even become a warden. Other officers switch to other jobs related to their experiences or their interests (BOP 2007). Income and earnings of correctional officers vary. The median earning is set at about $28,000 in 1998 but increased to $33,600...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Decisions, Decisions, Decisions

...Decisions, Decisions, Decisions When I proposed buying a fleet of Volvo's for the Electric Company, my supervisor greeted the proposal with an emotionally charged response. He was very opposed to Volvo and he was firm in his convictions. There was no doubt he believed in his point of view. However, his process for reaching his decision was flawed by fallacy. The available heuristic he used led him to believe that all Volvos were junk by the anecdotal fallacy (The Fallacy Files 2007). His brother in law possibly complained vividly and often about the quality of the car and that information stood out in my supervisor's mind. No other information on the Volvo was likely to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Religion And Its Effect on Medical Decisions

...Religion and its Effect on Medical Decisions Medical decisions are greatly impacted by religious beliefs. Health care professionals often have to take religious considerations when making medical decisions, especially when dealing with issues such as life, death, abortion, etc. Religious teachings still dominate the notions of health and goodness which is why many individuals, apart from health care professionals, may take decisions based on faith. Treatment is one domain of medical science which has been greatly affected by religion and spirituality. Many branches of medicine have been derived and influenced by religious teachings and ancient...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Effect of suspect race on officers' arrest decisions for FREE!

Contact Us