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To start with, the American legal system is unique for its use of scientific jury selection. Scientific jury selection involves the specific use of specific social science techniques in order to get the best favorable jurists for a particular trial…
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The researcher states that in case such as Bruno Hauptmann, there could be strong public mood against the accused which could influence the jury to convict the innocent. Here, the jurists’ personality characteristics and traits might play an important role. In a media intensity society, it is particularly true as it often wages psychological wars to mobilize public opinion over what it considers as truth. The trial of O. J. Simpson was characterized by ‘continued media interest and public fascination with his actions and statements. The belief that “he got away with murder” even led to proposals to reform and restrict the jury system’. The certainty necessary to punish nay accused could be accumulated by the jurists based on their prejudices and worldview. Most importantly, according to Greene et.al, ‘truth is elusive, and in the legal system, all truth seekers are subject to human error, even though the system seems to assume that they approach infallibility. The failure to achieve perfection in our decision making will become evident as the steps in the trial process are reviewed’. Jury sentiments are directly a product of jurists’ opinions, attitudes and beliefs. Attorneys have two options for selecting new juries. First of all, a panel of prospective jurors need to be identified which is known as venire. Secondly, ‘a process known as voir dire is employed to question and select the eventual jurors’. It involves every jurist telling truth about himself/herself. This process naturally involves elimination as the jurists who hold biases over a particular case are dismissed from the trial. Only the ones who hold a free mind and free from limitations are selected. There is a difference between judges’ decisions and Juries’ decisions. It has been found that “citizens believe a jury decision offers more procedural fairness (greater thoroughness, better representation of the community, fewer personal biases affecting decisions) than a decision by a judge”. Jury sentiments are the major cause for the discrepancies in the judicial verdicts. In their famous survey, ‘Kalven and Zeisel, after reviewing the multitude of discrepancies, used this term to cover all trials in which, in the judge’s view, the jury’s verdict was detrimentally determined by factors beyond the evidence and the law’. Especially in victimless crimes, there could a stronger tendency for sentiments towards the culprit. In some cases, if the case gets more social importance through media intervention, the number of jurists may be relatively high. It is very difficult even to keep the jury selection procedure just as it would involve discrimination against minority religions, races, nationalities and other cognizable groups.
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...Discussion on the Reform of the Prohibition of Research into Jury Deliberations. Introduction: For several years now, there had been many court casesof which the jury trial was questioned, in the United Kingdom, United States, and elsewhere. Shadows of doubt, shady and apparent, were presented against these deliberations, decisions, and votes, but it is still used and trusted by the public in determining guilt of persons charged with criminal offence.
Court cases have also been filed with regards to jury deliberations questioning it whether acts or acts of omission were constitutional, adhering to human rights law, right of information, Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996, among other things.
Likewise, popular or celebrated...
...Equality and Inequality The possibility of eradicating discrimination through a formalized approach in Recruitment and Selection Process Introduction
Recruiting and selecting the right people is paramount to the success of an organization and its ability to retain a workforce of the highest quality. In order to achieve this objective a formal recruitment and Selection policy need to be established with procedures to ensure as far as possible, that the best people are recruited on merit and that the recruitment process is free from bias and discrimination. Ideally the established policy should be consistent and the organization should recognize that its objectives are to influence the society at large; hence as a social obligation its...
As the name - WORD SEARCH GAME - explains we are trying to locate the word from a word square. The user puts forth a collection of words, which are to be selected. The program works at the background and the logic written tries to find the word entered from the word square, the words detected gets highlighted blue in color. Once the word is found the users collection vanishes. Searching of the word is in all directions (Vertical, Horizontal, diagonal.). All this is devised into a GUI (Graphical User Interface). Buttons like RESET, EXIT is created to facilitate the user to start afresh with the searching. Once all the words are searched the user is appraised with messages.
The main motto is to make it capable to run on a...
The workers only form the crucial ‘cog’ in the running of the organization. And, only if these crucial workers are recruited or staffed optimally through an effective recruitment process, the organization can achieve optimum success. In the case of running an enterprise or organization, the recruitment function is a continuous process, and so the leader or the manager particularly the Human Resource Manager should perform the staffing function at all times.
It is necessary that the management must ensure constant availability of a sufficient number of efficient employees from managers, executives, technical persons to laborers, for the efficient functioning of the enterprise. Overall, the recruit...
It is a difficult task to find those vendors who not only have the adequate quality and quantity of the needed raw materials but who also have an attitude of efficiency and display commitment to customer service (Sonmat, 2006). Further, organizations also strive to locate and select vendors who can be depended upon for long term relationship.
The number of factors or attributes desired from the vendor is vast, and different organizations and different industries place different importance on the attributes (Sonmat, 2006). Some of the vendor attributes may gain importance owing to the nature of the industry, for example, in the case of consumer perishables suppliers, like fresh vegetables or fruits, the buying firm would...
...Client’s The Roots of Ecology, Natural Selection as it relates to Ecology Rationale McIntosh writes of ecology thatit is “a science that does not fit readily into the familiar mold of science erected on the model of classic physics, and it deals with phenomena which frequently touch very close to the quick of human sensibilities, including aesthetics, morality, ethics, and, even worse in some minds, economics” (1). The rationale for this exhibit is based on the connection that exists between the nature of species in modern times and the pre-historic cultures. Images of primitive cultures are used as a background for the exhibit; objects that are related to the early study of natural selection are used to make a connection between...
...Task 2: Business Report Evaluation of own contribution to the selection process The group has taken part in some mock interviews to test their documentation and interviewing skills for recruitment. It operated as an interview panel and each individual in the group was interviewed as a candidate for a job position. Appropriate interview questions were asked and notes were made regarding performance of each candidate interviewed to determine their suitability for the applied position. This essay will outline own contribution made to the selection process as an interviewer and as an interviewee.
Interviewers should oversee and guide the selection process to ensure the best candidate for the position is selected in a cost effective and timely...
Over the years, fast food has become the most preferred food for consumption because of its availability, affordability, and easy way of making them despite the health consequences associated with it. As much as fast food joints are available in almost any location in Britain, consumers tend to apply several factors before selecting a fast food that they can eat from depending on their preference and the affordability of the food sold in these establishments. According to Thomson (1994), most of these establishments tend to be on strategic places such as in the motor service station, high streets and shopping centers that become tempting for consumers and influence their selection. Essentially, customers seek to acquire a ce...
...Proposal for changing selection system by allowing in the selected majors to access major first regardless of the academic credits of the student
Insert your name
Insert course title
Insert course code
Insert supervisor name
Table of Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3
1.1Statement of the problem 4
1.2Background of the project 4
2.PROJECT DESCRIPTION 6
2.2Evaluation of team members 6
2.3.2Scope and sampling 10
2.4Detailed timeline 10
4.EXPECTED RESULTS 14
5.1Summary of key points 15
5.2Request for action 16
6.WORK CITED 17
In many universities and colleges, course selection is based on credit...
...Selecting Employees to Fit the Job Selecting Employees to Fit the Job The process of selection is the structured well procedure systematic engagement by the management of the organisation to choose the well-suited personnel to perform various tasks within the entities. This process is guided by the principles of theorisation, characteristics, and the abilities displayed likely to unleash the organisational mandates ultimately. Several factors do come into play in this systematic field with the matters of effectiveness, efficiency, and competency and trust. The goal as based on the need to fit the situation of the organisation as a priority and ultimately the most fruitful results when the other degrees of engagements ensue (Stear, 2012...
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