Nobody downloaded yet

Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the broken windows theory - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
The theory proposes that indications of disorder and minor criminal behaviour elicit more disorderly and trivial lawlessness, therefore leading to spread of the behaviour. This may result in moral decay and deterioration of the quality of life of residents in these neighbourhoods. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the broken windows theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the broken windows theory"

Download file to see previous pages This may be a key policy issue for city management, which may be forced to weigh their options in an attempt to reach at the most effective method of dealing with crime. Would using more community service accompanied with probation prove effective in eliminating the “broken windows theory”? Does disorder actually spread in the neighbourhoods? Previous research has not offered a strong empirical support so far, and it is difficult to define what constitutes disorder, what may lead to its spread or which may be the most effective means of curbing disorder and crime (Harcourt, 2001).
Using hypotheses generated about the systems of combating disorder and crime, we tested the hypotheses in a different field experiments. We found that when an offender was sentenced to more hours of community service and/or probation, people who observed them were less likely to indulge in violation of other rules or norms that may cause the disorder to spread, thus the theory of broken windows is eliminated.
Law enforcement agencies have in the past adopted community service and probation as effective methods of reducing recidivism among offenders and supervision of offenders in the community. Community service is a form of alternative sentencing by courts in which individuals convicted of crimes are obliged to take part in compulsory unpaid work that is intended to be of social value, in place of serving a prison sentence, other sanctions and judicial remedies such as fines or incarceration. For instance, the court may reduce or write off offenders’ prison terms in exchange for a specified number of hours of community service, which the convict may be allowed to choose after which it is documented by credible agencies like NGOs. The sentencing may sometimes be specifically targeted to the offender’s crime. 4 Sometimes community service may be accompanied by probation-a court ordered sanction that permits an offender to stay free from detention subject to a prescribed period of proper behavior under the supervision of a probation officer. The types of supervision vary and include intensive, home detention, GPS monitoring, informal, standard or unsupervised probation. 4 2.Literature review 4 3.1 Introduction 4 Studies and available literature on community service and probation have stressed the significant role of developing effective and concrete strategies of eliminating the broken windows theory. This chapter will put forward what is already known regarding the use of community service accompanied with probation to eradicate the spread of disorder as proposed by the broken windows theory. We examine the core principles of effective community service and probation putting into account some of the research questions advanced in the introductory chapters- how effective is a community service and probation in eliminating the broken windows theory? There is plenty of research is available on what is considered to be effective in tackling the spread of disorder. Essentially, there is an abundance of research focusing on a collection of approaches deemed to possess the most impact on convicts in helping them minimize or desist from more criminal behavior. In addition, this section also analyzes the approaches and community work skills commonly employed by probation officers, and also consider the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Using More Community Service Combined With Probation We Can Eliminate Research Paper)
“Using More Community Service Combined With Probation We Can Eliminate Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
aliya02 added comment 30 days ago
Student rated this paper as
I had an issue with a research paper types of works. All until I came across this website and this particular paper. Even though "Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the "broken windows theory"" is far from my studies, the structure is so great that I use it all the time as an example for my own works.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the broken windows theory

Using of Windows 2000

...Connection oriented DNS (resolution on UDP 53) 80 HTTP 88 Internet Key Exchange (IKE) 110 POP3 (mail) 135 Windows RPC Endpoint Mapper 137 NETBIOS Name Service 139 NETBIOS Session 389 LDAP 443 HTTP/S 445 Common Internet File System / native SMB on Windows 2000 and higher 636 LDAP over SSL 1433 SQL Server (1434 if the port scanner can perform UDP too) 1723 PPTP 3268 LDAP to a Windows Global Catalogue Server 3389 Remote Desktop Protocol (Windows Terminal Service) It must be kept in mind that these ports are available for Windows based machines. If other OS are being utilised, the machine’s vulnerability may...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Community service halfway houses where a former convict is assigned a supervisor, legally termed as parole officer, who monitors his or her behavior and helps with the transition from prison to society. For first-time offenders, they are assigned a probation officer whose work is to ensure they carry out the community service smoothly and with discipline and later report to the magistrate (Ramos). Largely, community service should be encouraged especially among young people in order to inculcate a sense of conscientiousness and work ethic, which are useful in shaping their personality. Among community members, participating in...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Broken Windows

...generating a reality of abandonment in the society. Therefore, how can the society be sure of maintaining order after diversified damage (broken windows), when order was not restored in small disorders (single broken window)? The broken windows could apply to wrong decisions, poor code, or inacceptable conduct in a society. From the theory, it proves that broken windows could lead to destruction of functional systems, hence affecting community activities and administration functions. However, the broken window concept...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Community Service

...Community Service Literature Review Community service involves helping out the community in whichever way a person can; it includes engaging in all kinds of servitude for the welfare of others. This form of service however originated with a view to help people reform and bring about a change in their lives, and thus was used as a punitive measure given to offenders and criminals. This ensures that instead of whiling away their jail time, offenders actually had a chance to give back to society by engaging in service and contributing by their work to help others in need....
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Broken Windows Style Policing

...classified into two categories: i. Criminals existing in police records. ii. Retired policemen, present policemen and media. Choosing a sample of this size with the above said characteristics is important to eliminate biased opinions. Necessary data can be obtained through personal interview with the selected population. Personal interviewing was done mainly by asking direct questions which are both open ended and closed questions. Findings & Suggestions: i. Reduction in social participation in neighborhood management is a cause of concern. ii. Some of the methods used by Police in Order maintenance policing are rather unnecessary. iii. Broken...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal

Probation and Community Corrections

...the problems of society. Therefore In order to understand the question we have to examine some of the evidence that is documented with regard to community crime initiatives that have worked in a multi partnership. These partnerships have involved the police, residents and the voluntary and private sector and it is not just simply about applying the "Broken Window" theory to estates. There have been the successes with regard to projects that have worked in partnership one being the Kirkholt project. In applying the same principles from Kirkholt one can see some success and arguably set the standard for any project that was about to follow...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Broken Windows

...Broken Windows The ‘Broken-Windowtheory postulates that public disorder is the slippery slope which leads to serious crime. The ‘Broken Window’ symbolizes the breakdown of the informal controls which regulate public behavior. By maintaining public order, the police can apply this approach to prevent crime. Broken Windows. 1 What does the term ‘Broken Windows’ refer to in the context of crime and disorder in communities? The term ‘Broken Windows,’ has its origins in Social Psychology,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Broken Windows Theory

...Broken Windows The “Broken Windowstheory proposes that more serious crimes will come from minor crimes if they are not addressed in the first stages of infractions. In other words, if a window is broken in a building and no one does anything about it, then there will be more broken windows and, consequently, the building will lose all its glassed-in windows (Shelden 2003). 2. The “Broken Windowstheory can be directly applied to those strategic implementations where...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Community Service

...Community Service Affiliation: I agree that that all 18 year-olds should perform one year of national or community service before they pursue college or a paying job Community service should not be seen as a punishment but rather as a preparation step to college and the adult life for the teenagers. Community service program enables these 18 year olds who have always been treated as children to start experiencing the real world and the responsibilities that adulthood brings along. There are many activities and programs involved in the national or even community service...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Broken Windows Concept

...Broken Windows Concept Proponents of the broken windows concept In 1985, George L. Kelling was hired as a consultant to the New York City and David L. Gunn implemented measures to test the broken windows theory. The presence of graffiti keenly targeted, and subway system cleaned in an effort from 1984 until 1990. Department of police Boston and the Los Angeles Police Department have hired Kelling as a consultant. In 1990, William J. Bratton was made the chief head of the New York City Transit Police (Kelling & Wilson, 1982). In 1993 after his election as Mayor of New York City, Republican Ruddy Giuliani...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Using more community service combined with probation we can eliminate the broken windows theory for FREE!

Contact Us