Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom Introduction Capital punishment refers to the legitimate infliction of the death penalty, death sentence, or execution as a punishment by the state. Ever since the ancient times, capital punishment has been employed to cover a diverse range of offences…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom"

Download file to see previous pages The elimination of the death penalty in all circumstances eventually took place in 1998. Similarly, the 13th Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights in 2004 outlawed the restoration of the death penalty, provided that the United Kingdom continued to be a party to the convention. History of Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom Hanging used to be the chief mode of execution in the United Kingdom since the 5th Century; other practices included drawing, quartering, beheading, burning at the stake, shooting, drowning, and hurling from cliffs. In 1196, the first person was hanged at Tyburn as a punishment for sedition. From 1351, the capital offences that attracted the death penalty included treason, witchcraft, murder, rape, piracy, robbery, arson, embezzlement of master properties, and theft (Davies 2007, p. 107). Efforts directed at the abolition of the death penalty had been ongoing since the late 1700s. In 1770, Sir William Meredith challenged parliament to consider proportionate punishments rather than capital punishments. Nevertheless, the proposal failed; however, it opened up the debate. Every year, there were over thousand death sentencing, although only a sizeable number of executions took place (Levinson 2002, p.155). In 1810, Sir Samuel Romilly remarked that United Kingdom had the most offences according to law to be punished by the death penalty. At its height, the criminal law, otherwise labeled as the “Bloody Code,” had categorized 220 crimes punishable by death. Sir Samuel Romilly attempted to convince parliament to de-capitalize minor offences, especially much of the Act of King William (Block & Hostettler 1997, p.109). Execution for crimes such as murder, robbery, and burglary were frequent; however, capital punishment for minor offenders were mainly not carried out. Nevertheless, in some instances, children could be executed for crimes such as stealing. A death sentence could be commuted on the grounds of benefit of clergy, official pardons, or execution of military duty (Stearman 2008, p.47). Statistics indicate that, between 1770 and 1830, close to 35,000 death sentences were handed out, out of which about 7,000 executions happened. At the time, prisons comprised of small, crowded, and badly run institutions, a situation that led to incorporation of punishments like transportation of offenders to distant lands such as America and Australia. During the 1830s, the masses had started to express doubts on the punishments (Block and Hostettler 1997, p. 110). Many more prisons were built while the old ones were extended to avail a fresh mode of punishment. The overriding notion centered on making prisons unpleasant places to stay in order to discourage people from committing crimes. Reform In Europe, reforms on the subject of the death penalty, championed by academics, started around 1750. Year 1808 witnessed abolishment of capital punishment for pickpockets and lesser offenders. This set the onset for the reform process perpetuated over the next fifty years. Nevertheless, capital punishment remained operational even though the government occasionally commuted the death penalty. The Judgment of Death Act 1823 awarded power to judges to commute the death penalty excluding cases of treason and murder (Levinson 2002, p.156). The Punishment of Death Act 1 ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom Research Paper)
“Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom

The Constitutions of the United States of America and the United Kingdom

The principal characteristic of a functioning democracy is the separation of powers. The concept of separation of powers is complex, although it may seem to be simple. This is because it consists of expressive and rigid components. The US Constitution represents the operational capability of the notion of separation of powers. It operates on three functions of the government. First, the executive implements legislation and supervises the administration over the state. Secondly, the legislature enacts the legislation and monitors the work of the executive and lastly, the judiciary interprets the legislations to apply land laws3.

The British Constitution is an unwritten constitution. Therefore, the limitations of the orga...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Money & Capital Markets

The subprime lending crisis rocked the U.S. economy in late 2006 and early 2007. Subprime lending refers to the loans which are provided to the borrowers having less than ideal credit histories. In other words, subprime lending is provided to persons who do not qualify for conventional credits or loans.

The subprime loans gave rise to inflated credit facilities, increased availability of infrastructure and more circulation of more currency in the economy. But this system also gave rise to unprecedented meltdown, liquidation of funds and resultant heavy losses of financial institutions due to non-payment of loans by the borrowers.

The main reasons for the crisis are more than one. They are the failure of the b...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

United States Foreign Policy from 1945-1991

American Presidents presiding over some key events in history, such as the Cuban Missile Crisis, The Cold War, The Vietnam War, etc., were hindered from acting as public representatives due to pressure from the military-industrial complex. John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan, George Herbert Walker Bush, and George W. Bush – all of them were subject to these opposing interests. But eventually, the corporate-government nexus proved too powerful; and in this sense, American Presidents after the Second World War were largely restricted and powerless to uphold their higher personal values. Most of the strategic moves on part of the United States after the end of the Great War were directly in response to an anticipated th...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

The United Kingdom and World War I

It had shown its ability to survive a war and remained a powerful nation of the world (Hardie, Graham, and Kofman).
Almost all the nations in Europe had suffered economically due to the First World War. Most of the European nations were subjected to economic burdens imposed by the war. After the end of the war, the European governments had to make rehabilitation efforts, in respect of the cities destroyed in the war. In addition, they had to provide medical facilities to the soldiers who had been wounded in the war. These governments had to pay pensions to the soldiers, widows, and relatives of the dead soldiers. Moreover, they had to repay the public and foreign debts, and the interest on such debts. These constituted the ad...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

The United States Supreme Court

The Court, consisting of nine lifelong justices, bears complete authority over the Federal courts but has lesser power over those of the states. It has the power of “last word” on decisions made by these Federal courts and makes the rules that these courts have to follow in their procedures (Wagman, 1993). In addition, all Federal courts must abide by the decisions laid down by the Supreme Court, as well as the United States Constitution. With respect to state courts, the interpretations and decisions that the Supreme Court makes apply, but the Court is limited to interpreting and changing Federal laws, not state laws. Thus, the Supreme Court cannot change conditions of state constitutions or interpret laws made by ind...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Human Resource As Proactive Human Capital: World Bank

Since employees are the pillar of the organization, the role of human resource management becomes crucial in the employment of its workforce. In the emerging challenges of the changing business equations, when the labor deployment is undergoing quantitative and qualitative transformations, HR strategy needs to be redefined to create versatility and flexibility of the contemporary work environment.

Access to information is a vital part of organizational management processes as it not only promotes efficiency and knowledge-based discharge of duties by the employees but it a great tool for the management to exploit the available information to improve its performance. The information provides wide-ranging knowledge about t...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

The Law on Physical Punishment of Children Fails to give Sufficient Respect to Childrens Rights

Under the English criminal law, several past and current legislations were made in order to protect the children from corporal punishment or becoming a victim of physical abuse. Despite our effort to prevent parents from using physical force in disciplining their children, the British Government remains unconvinced that the law which protects the children from physical punishment is sufficient (Keating, 2008). Physical punishment such as ‘smacking’, ‘slapping’, ‘kicking’, or ‘spanking’ is referring to the act of causing a degree of pain or discomfort to the child. (Niland, 2009, p. 6) With regard to the legal issues behind child protection against physical abuse, this study aims to d...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Project Planning Human Capital

Project planning involves a lot of factors and areas that we need to address for the effective management and handling of the project. The aim of this report is to provide a deep insight into some of the main areas that we need to address for the project of Adams's family farmhouse renovation. These issues are project team communication, project risk management, and deadline handling. Effective communication in a project provides a huge advantage regarding the better working and handling of the project. I have selected a very significant project regarding the preservation of the old and historical places. Here we require effective communication to provide better interaction among the designer, developers, and history preservation...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Effects of the United States of America Troops in South Korea

Despite the few negative incidences of crime committed by the United States of America’s security troops that were deployed in the country on a peacekeeping mission.
Since the war in Korea began in the early nineteen fifties, the United States has stationed tens of thousands of soldiers, mostly the United States’ army personnel, in South Korea. Through the assistance of the South Korean troops and other neighboring governments, the American troops have been able to guard and offer maximum security to South Korean people. In line with the argument of James (2003), ‘most of the military bases in South Korea are relatively isolated’ thus the need for much attention from the troops so as to ensure maximum...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Capital Punishment as Deterrence to Homicide

Counter research argues that different research techniques give different results. Murder trials in the United States cost millions of dollars. There has been the pressure that this cost should result in a deterrent effect on potential criminals. The deterrence theory argues that criminals weight the cost and the benefits of any criminal venture.
Although deemed a controversial topic by many, the use of capital punishment, or in other words, the death sentence, is a widely used method of punishing convicts in homicidal crimes. The use of the death sentence has the notoriety of being an inhumane and barbaric form of justice. On the other hand, many believe that it is the consequence that is rightfully deserved to people who co...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Capital Punishment in the United Kingdom for FREE!

Contact Us