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Forensic Investigation: Perspectives of Justice - Term Paper Example

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the author concludes that the use of expert evidence and science has become useful tools in the investigation into criminal activities. However, the majority of the technologies used tends to infringe particular human rights such as the right to personal privacy.  …
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Forensic Investigation: Perspectives of Justice
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Download file to see previous pages The authoritative expert has a duty to present the scientific and/or technical criteria on which his or her evidence is based to the court to enable it to test the accuracy of such evidence and form an independent judgment of the evidence. On such a circumstances whereby the evidence is challenged, the attorney general for the party being referred to as the “expert” must show the necessary background through questioning in the court and thereafter, the trial judge has the authority to qualify or refute the expertise in question or otherwise rule that the professional or individual is an expert on limited subjects (Burnham 2005). In this technological age, there has been a rise in criminal offenses in the world generally and the UK in particular. The nature of the criminal offenses has demanded extensive investigation otherwise the truth of matters will be hard if not impossible to bring into the light. This is where the need for such methods as expert evidence in digging deep into criminal offenses comes in. We must agree that the use of expert evidence has been of great help in the investigation into cases of crimes and lawsuits. The last two decades have witnessed an ascendancy of two phenomena: junk science and miscarriages of justice (MOJ). Correlation is not causation, but I feel comfortable in offering the submission that the banishment of bogus expert evidence from our courtrooms would have a salutary effect on the incidence of miscarriages of justice, (Merikangas 2008). Its however sad to point out that in some cases, this evidence has been misinterpreted either by mistake or on purpose. The result of this is what is referred to as miscarriage of justice (MOJ). Whereas most evidence is based on the actual witness of occurrences relating to the criminal case or lawsuit, experts are allowed to form opinions in the court based on their expertise on the subject of interest without actually bearing witness of any occurrence regarding the case in court. In the recent past, however, a spotlight has fallen on the use of expert evidence in the courtroom which has largely been triggered by the increasing number of wrongful convictions resulting from such (Morse 2006).  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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