Nobody downloaded yet

Human Rights and Oil Companies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Your Name Your Professor's Name Name of Course Date Human Rights and American Oil Companies This paper examines the link between human rights and multinational companies. It emphasizes on the responsibilities of Petroleum and Oil Exploration companies and their operations overseas…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.2% of users find it useful
Human Rights and Oil Companies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Human Rights and Oil Companies"

Download file to see previous pages It also examines prominent cases under the Alien Tort Statute of 1789. The paper goes on to view some codes of best practice in relation to the operations of American multinationals and petroleum companies overseas in relation to human rights. The paper concludes with the writer's opinions and findings about the subject. Human Rights “Human rights create entitlements and are fundamentally different from rights established solely as state obligations that cannot be claimed by the beneficiaries” (Kalin & Kunzli 32). This implies that human rights refer to some inherent rights that people must be granted irrespective of their status and situation. In other words, human rights are not conditional. In includes the right that any human being must be granted in any situation or condition. Although beneficiaries of human rights are individuals, they are sometimes asserted by minorities in various collective forms (Kalin & Kunzli 32). In other words, people can come together a group to demand their human rights in a collective manner. This can be done through group actions like protests on the street or universal adult suffrage elections like a referendum or plebiscite to choose a given option. Human rights are constitutive and not regulative (Milne 103). This is in line with John Locke's view on natural right which requires people to be granted certain rights without having to work for it (Donelly 18). These rights are based on moral vision. This should generally include natural justice wich involves the right to life and the right to fair trial and justice on the part of all human beings. No one must decide whether to grant those rights or not. They are inherent and there are no conditions or exceptions that can be attached to such rules. In a nation, there are three main conceptions that ensure that human rights are entrenched and observed throughout the nation (Milne 104). First of all, human rights are guaranteed where there is the rule of law. In other words, human rights can be guaranteed if there is a constitution and the constitution guarantees some inherent and inalienable rights of people in a given society. Secondly, the supremacy of human rights laws must be guaranteed. And thirdly, there should be equality before the law in the interpretation of human rights law. Due to the supremacy and entrenched nature of human rights, all groups and units within a given nation must honor these laws. This therefore means that businesses in every nation, whether they are international or local, should honor human rights laws. Human rights laws are internationally guaranteed (Kalin & Kunzli 32). This therefore means that there is an international framework within which human rights can be discharged. Laws that Protect Humans Rights In every nation, the constitution and fundamental rights must ensure that basic human rights are protected. The Parliament of every nation must make laws that are sensitive to human rights (Campbell & Goldsworth 259). This therefore means that there should be an entrenched and established universal system that must respect and honor the basic rights of all citizens. The parliament or law making body of every nation should be sensitive to fundamental human rights in the making of laws. Also, in interpreting the law in relation to specific cases, the Judiciary must guarantee the human rights of individuals. Where this is in ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Human Rights and Oil Companies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Human Rights and Oil Companies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4250 Words)
“Human Rights and Oil Companies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 4250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Human Rights and Oil Companies

Subsidizing oil companies in usa

...? inserts his/her full Subsidizing Oil Companies in the U.S.A The history of oil subsidies in the U.S can be traced back to early 1900s when the government started giving monetary incentives to back the fledging oil industry in the U.S (Franks and Nunnally). Two types of subsidies were granted: one where the intangible expenses of drilling related activities were deducted from the oil companies’ expenditures for tax purposes and the other whereby cost deduction was based on gross proceeds and not the actual price of oil (Franks and Nunnally). Perhaps, one of the greatest debates has concerned the viability of these...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Human Rights and Oil Companies

...Human Rights and Oil Companies According Taillant & Picolotti 23), the world all over, people are experiencing the consequences of ecological diminish, from water scarcity to fish kills to landslides on deforested slopes. Those who have been affected by sheer environmental degradation tend to come from susceptible segments of community, racial and cultural minorities and the poor, who too often bear an unequal baggage of such violation. Progressively, many crucial human rights are being put at risk, as the rights to wellbeing affected by contagion of resources, or the right to assets and customs...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Oil Companies

...are certainly optimistic about the financial prospects. Although the volumes have dwindled in recent months, the United States was importing nearly a million barrels of Iraqi oil a day at the start of the year. So the oil companies are into the game, and are dominant contenders. The French company Total Fina Elf has negotiated for rights to develop the huge Majnoon field, near the Iranian border, which may contain up to 30 billion barrels of oil. Companies such as Exxon Mobil and Chevron Texaco would almost assuredly play a role, it is believed that, there's not an oil company out...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Human Rights/Political Rights that there is no thought and contemplation of consequences involved. Mill, de Beauvoir and Gandhi all exhibit an indelible link between freedom and morality in their writings. The concept of morality has stringent human rights implications in that moral actions are actions undertaking utilizing the theoretical framework of right and wrong. Utilizing the concept of right and wrong, individuals are bounded to act in a manner such that no harm is brought to other individuals or their basic rights are not infringed upon. The concept of basic rights facilitates itself in the notion of human rights. ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Human Rights/Political Rights

...HUMAN RIGHTS AND POLITICAL RIGHTS This paper has been written on basis of the works done by Simone deBeauvoir, JohnStuart Mill and some of the political writings by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. The reviews of above mentioned authors have been taken into consideration while preparing this paper. The human and political rights are the important aspects in today’s social life. Every human being has been provided with some basic fundamental rights by their governments to exist in society, which he/she has to follow. Then there are political rights that are used to protect basic fundamental...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Follow up to the previous order (Human Rights and Oil Companies) a safe and healthy ecosystem. The fact is while international standards and systems have been set aside as legal ventures, implementation has always been dominated by international relations. This paper seeks to look at the effects of oil companies in Nigeria the environment (Emeseh 45-60) According to Kalu and Ngozi (19-38), the Niger Delta in Nigeria has been the center of focus of environmentalist, human rights promoters and fair trade unionists across the globe. The trial and execution of radical environmentalist Ken-Saro-Wiwa and eight other cohorts of the Ogoni ethnic minority made universal headlines. The then non-violent protests of the Ogoni people make...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Human Rights

...Human rights Are human rights truly universal? Are the rights in the UDHR too western-biased? Should we try to simplify and reduce the number of human rights? Human rights are not truly universal. The rights differ in their application all over the world, depending on the conditions of the various nations. Article 26, for example, asserts, “Everyone has the right to education.” However, many African children in developing countries fail to access education, given the conditions in their respective countries. The rights in the UNDHR...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Human Rights

...Human Rights The article talks of the increase of the female genital mutilation (FGM) in Egypt. It begins by describing the trial of a doctor over the death of 13-year-old girl Suhair al Bataa who had gone through the procedure (Guerin 1). The girl’s father is also being prosecuted. There is also a description of the girl status before the death. Friends and neighbors describe her as being extremely frightened over the procedure (Guerin 1). She had even lost hope of having a good life after the procedure. The FGM is described as being rampant during the summer break when most of the girls are out of school. The FGM is shown to be common due to deep faith and tradition. It is carried out in the name of...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Human Rights

...of the attacks (Syria chemical attack, 2013). Samples obtained from the attacked areas by the Organization for the Prohibition of the Chemical Weapons, confirm the presence of sarin, a nerve agent, found in a majority of rockets used in the attacks. These findings are consistent with the organophosphate intoxication found in the blood and urine samples of those who survived the attacks. Reports from the Human Rights Watch have found no evidence for the use of huge quantities of chemicals and possession of rockets by the opposition forces (Syria chemical attack, 2013). However, despite several concrete reports on the role of Syrian government in the attacks, the regimen has denied any role in the attacks...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

National and International Oil Companies

...National and International Oil Companies Introduction Energy projects specifically oil and gas projects are always big, expensive, risky, and complicated (KPMG, Sep 2011). For this course, there is a requirement for national and international firms exploring the resource to venture jointly so as to spread expenses and risks (Beamish, & Peter, 2001). Effective management of the interests of the different merging parties should be actually studied to avoid chances of complications and strategy misalignment. Most importantly, the different interests of the partnering parties must be met so as to avoid interferences with the smooth running of the project (Johnson & Whittington, 2012). As...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Human Rights and Oil Companies for FREE!

Contact Us