Nobody downloaded yet

Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory - Thesis Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism.
Criminal recidivism is a problem with no easy answers. In the realm of the driving while intoxicated offenses, there has been evidence regarding recidivism rates for different kinds of circumstances…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.7% of users find it useful
Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory"

Download file to see previous pages This should act as a specific deterrence, whiche means that the offender is less likely to offend again. This is both because the greater charge will necessarily bring greater punishment, and the greater charge may be used to enhance penalties for future charges. If an offender pleads guilty to a driving while intoxicated, as opposed to pleading guilty to some other charge, like a driving while ability impaired, then that person has to contend with the harsher sentence of the DWI in comparison to the DWAI. He or she also has to contend with the consequences that radiate from this higher insurance rates, license revocation, etc. And, the offender must also know that, if he or she gets arrested again, he or she already has one DWI on his or her record, as opposed to having a DWAI on his or her record, so the penalties will be enhanced. Therefore, the basic premise of this study is that harsher penalties will result in less recidivism. The study at hand will hopefully illuminate whether this hypothesis is correct, as well as look at the effect that harsher penalties has on specific deterrence for the offender. Another basic premise is that plea bargaining to a lesser offense does not provide the proper deterrence to DWI offenders. The literature review will look at studies which shed light on this hypothesis, although whether or not harsher penalties, actually reduces recidivism or is the best method of reducing recidivism, is an open question. There are studies ( Moffatt & Poynton, 2007; Salzburg & Paulsrude, 1984; Yu, 1994) which state that harsher penalties do in fact reduce recidivism, but the literature also suggests that other methods may also reduce recidivism, perhaps to the extent that harsher penalties do or even more than harsher penalties. For instance, studies (Streff et al., 2001; Guerin & Pitts, 2002) suggest that a pre-trial diversion, which means that the offender does not plead guilty to any charge, but, rather, agrees to enter a rehabilitation program and, upon successful completion, will have the charges against him dropped, are successful in preventing repeat offenders. Ignition interlock is another method which has shown promise in this regard(Popkin et al., 1992 ). Therefore, harsher penalties are not necessarily the final word on whether or not an offender recidivates, and the challenge of this study is to determine if the harsher penalties, and lack of plea bargaining, offers a better outcome for recidivism then do alternative methods. Literature Bolstering The Theory that Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism One of the theories regarding criminal recidivism is that it is generally reduced when the punishment is swift, certain, and severe (Moffatt & Poynton, 2007). However, it is unclear whether swift, certain, and severe punishment actually do deter repeat offenses. For instance, Nichols & Ross examined the literature surrounding whether actual incarceration results in less recidivism. They looked at several studies which tracked recividism rates for offenders who were incarcerated at either a general facility, like a jail or prison, or a special facility, such as an intensive treatment lockup. In reviewing these studies, Nichols & Ross found that, in five of the studies, there was no reduction in recividism. One study which found that traditional lockups did not reduce recividism, but special facilities did. One study which found that a traditional prison and a special facility showed no difference in recividism. And one study which found that incarceration reduced recividism for first-time offenders. Since ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Thesis”, n.d.)
Retrieved de
(Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Thesis)
“Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Thesis”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
coy59 added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
The topic of "Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory." was impossible to find. I spent countless hours to find it. Here at StudentShare, I got the finest sample. Many thanks!

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory

Juvenile Recidivism

...? Juvenile Recidivism of the of the Concerned June 8, Juvenile Recidivism Introduction It has been d that the delinquent juveniles are more prone to resorting to a serious criminal behavior during adulthood. Yet, it is also a fact that a number of young offenders stop engaging in criminal activities by the time they attain adulthood. The task of curbing future criminality in the case of young offenders is to a great extent dependant on the identification of causal factors that make a young offender to continue with crime or to relinquish criminal behavior (Savitz et al., 1962). Most of the researches carried on with young offenders have led to the identification of multiple factors that...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Prison recidivism

...-convict’s relapse in engaging in criminal activities. Initially, definition of the term was qualified as “individuals as having reoffended when they, following the release from prison, have committed a new offence and as a consequence received a sentence to be served within the prison and probation system” (Nilsson 63). The author’s findings indicated that “problems relating to education and employment, but above all an accumulation of different types of resource problems, are clearly correlated with recidivism” (Nilsson 57). The discourse identified relevant statistics and figures related to recidivism in terms of type of crimes that are more often repeated: theft and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Unemployment and Recidivism

...unification, which reduces the number of recidivism cases. Employment quality is often compared with the levels of recidivism. Lockwood et al (2012) in their study found out that the level of employment in early adulthood is a perfect option to reduce criminal behavior afterwards. On the one hand, there is a clear connection between money and a potential criminal behavior. Nevertheless, social conditions of life of a potential offender cannot be denied too. For example, when a child leaves with his/her parents in the family, which has no money, then a child subconsciously wants to earn more in order to live the rest of his life in better conditions. Therefore, it is evident that a good...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Offender Recidivism and Employment

...of 100 offenders convicted of burglary in 1971 in New Mexico and found that of this number of offenders, 34 were imprisoned, 45 were granted probation, and 21 were given other sentences, such as fines, drug and alcohol treatment and community services. After statistically controlling for differences in age, prior criminal history, and type of burglary, the findings indicated that offenders who were placed on probation were less likely to be reconvicted than those who were incarcerated. This means that the lighter punishment represented by probation is more effective in reforming offenders than incarceration. While the dramatic increase in the number of men and...
39 Pages(9750 words)Dissertation

Offender Recidivism and Employment

...physical health, and have issues associated with drug and alcohol misuse. The effect of prison or jail sentences on recidivism is an important issue to those concerned with public safety and the cost-effectiveness of putting convicted offenders in prison. Opinions are divided between those advocating longer sentences in the interest of public safety, and those advocating shorter sentences with the assumption that incarceration, or longer prison terms, will not reduce recidivism rates. This paper summarizes the theories and the empirical studies on this issue. Study findings indicate that the effect of incarceration (versus other sentencing options) and sentence length on...
25 Pages(6250 words)Essay

Drug Courts and Recidivism

...for drug related charges, and a 34% recidivism rate for non-drug related charges. Overall the drug court participants had a recidivism rate of 12% and 15% lower than non participants. When comparing drug related recidivism, drug court participants had rates 10% and 15% lower for drug related charges than the control groups. Finally, when examining the non-drug related arrests, the drug court participants' recidivism rates were 9% and 10% lower than the cohort groups. Although the drug court participants committed statistically less crime after the drug court...
57 Pages(14250 words)Essay


...and statistics for homicide also showed a similar pattern as 1.2% homicide convicts were rearrested for committing another homicide (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2007). Non-sex offenders made up the larger part of the repetition of the offences as compared to sex-offenders. It was observed that non-sex offenders were about six times less likely to be convicted for a repetition of a sex offense. When analyzing Recidivism, it is important to delve into the intricacies of Habitual Offenders and Psychopathy. Both subjects are brought under extensive analysis when a system to reduce recidivism is required. Habitual Offenders Habitual Offenders are law...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Juvenile Recidivism

...behavior in adolescence is more likely to give way to a criminal behavior in adulthood. Domestic and Social Ambience Varied theories have tried to correlate the behavior of juvenile offenders to the related factors like family, neighborhood, peers and school (Grisso, 1998). Young offenders that are affiliated to behavioral issues and problems and belong to disturbed families do have a higher chance of reverting to antisocial behavior at a later stage (Grisso, 1998). The chances get further accentuated by recurrent conflicts within the family and a flawed and inconsistent exposure to apt parenting strategies (Grisso, 1998). In case of young delinquents, the behavioral issues...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Juvenile Recidivism

...release from Residential Placements: multivariate predictors and gender differences. Journal Of Offender Rehabilitation, 46(3/4), 171-188. Mulder, E., Brand, E. Bullens, R., & & Van Marle, H. (2010). A classification of risk factor in serious juvenile offenders and the relation between patterns of risk factors and recidivism. Criminal Behaviour & Mental Health, 20(1), 23-38.doi:10.1002/cbm.754. Mulder, E., Vermut, J., Brand, E., Bullens, R. , & Marle, H. (2012). Recidivism in subgroups of serious juvenile offenders: different profiles, different risks?. Criminal Behaviour & Mental Health, 22(2), 122-135.doi:10.1002/cbm.1819. Seave,P. (2011). Evidence-based...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Proposal

SOCIAL PROBLEMS: Crime : Recidivism

...Thoughts, Concerns and Solutions for Recidivism Thoughts and Concerns about Recidivism There are several concerns that face repeat offenders that see them return to prison after serving a jail term. There are a high odds that the prospect of returning to prison is influenced by a variety of factors other than deterrence in crime (Schneider, 2002). For example, a case of an ex-convict who is under supervision of a parole officer may have a high likelihood of returning to jail. The ex-convict might experience financial stress in a bid to obey the parole but ends up violating the regulation to search for a living. The pressure from parole officers may play a role in...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Thesis on topic Patterns Of Recidivism Related To Case Dispositions Of Alcohol-Impaired Driving Offenses. Harsher Punishment Means Less Recidivism Theory for FREE!

Contact Us