Framing Theory - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Framing is the social construction of a given social phenomenon in most cases by sources of mass media, actors, certain organizations, political leaders or movements, and social movements. In essence, it is the selective influence attributed to the meanings that are given to…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.2% of users find it useful
Framing Theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Framing Theory"

Framing theory al Affiliation: Framing Theory Introduction Framing is the social construction of a given social phenomenon inmost cases by sources of mass media, actors, certain organizations, political leaders or movements, and social movements. In essence, it is the selective influence attributed to the meanings that are given to certain words and phrases (Karen & Frauke, 2005).
The term framing is a general word in social sciences which refers to a given set of concepts and perspectives relate to reality. It has applications in mass communication, psychology, sociology, political science, and the area of linguistics. The field of economics also widely applies the theory of framing. In general, framing can apply to any situation given that it involves the perception of a theory as portrayed by a given individual or group of individual (Laurah, 2012).
The theory of framing has several sub-theories that clarify the variances present in its application. First of all, it has considerations in one of two ways. It is either considered as frames in thought or frames in communication. Its consideration as frames in thought consists of certain mental simplifications of reality, representations, and interpretations. On the other hand, when considered as frames in communication, framing consists of the communication frames between different actors. Another sub-theory of this concept is its view either as being negative or positive. In this view, the positivity or negativity depends more or less on the constituents of a given audience and the kind of information being passed to this audience (Judith, 2010).
A further division of framing is it being viewed either as equivalence frames or emphasis frames. As equivalence frames, framing represents the logical equivalent alternatives that are portrayed in different ways. In this view, the information in the presentation is often based on the same fundamentals (Shanto, 1994). The frame, though, that is presented shifts with the result that a perception that is dependent on the reference is created. On the other hand, having emphasis frames simplify reality with a focus on a given subset of the aspect relevant to the prevailing situation. These theories and sub-theories have daily applications whereby the same basis of facts is often used to portray different perspectives of a given phenomenon. For example, one may be quoted and their information interpreted in very many different ways thus yielding different frames to different people. Beside the information being received by the audience, members of the audience also receive the facts as they perceive them to be.
Issues in Framing
Framing has many applications in many fields of study. In the mass communication, framing helps in distinguishing what can be classified as news and what cannot. With limited space, time, and resources, framing plays an important part in the interpretation and classification of information (Ralph, 2009).
Many a times, framing causes conflicts which can only be resolved in court. With politicians being misquotes on a near-daily basis, it is often the case that media houses or political movements find unintended meanings of words from a certain public figure. To this day, framing remains an ambiguous concept and is the reason as to why politicians or any public figures have to watch what they say.
Karen C. & Frauke S. (2005). Framing American Politics. Pittsburgh; University of Pittsburgh
Laura H. (2012). Tortured Reality: How Media Framing of Waterboarding Affects Judicial
Independence. New York: Eleven International Publishing.
Judith, B. (2010). Frames of War: When Is Life Grievable? 6 Meard Street, London. Verso.
Shanto I. (1994). Is Anyone Responsible?; How television Frames Political Issues (American
Politics and Political Economy Series). London. University of Chicago Press.
Ralph D. B. (2009). Framing U.S. Political Behavior: How American Voters, Politicians and
Mass Media Define Presidential Candidates. Virginia: VDM Verlag. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Framing Theory Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Framing Theory Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Framing Theory Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Framing Theory Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Framing Theory Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Framing in the Media

...? Topic: Framing in the media Saman Chishtie Academia-research This essay is on framing in the media and discusses how heuristics and other cognitive biases shape individual perceptions of current events in terms of framing in the light of Bronfenbrenner’s theory. Framing in media have been used over the years and it refers to the organized and planned screening of information in order to influence individual’s perceptions regarding an issue. Repeatedly it has been observed how opinions changes and drastic developments in political sphere occur. All this can be attributed to the framing in media done whereby perceptions are manipulated by...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Framing Construction Techniques

...? Framing Construction Techniques Report 2nd October Table of Contents Introduction 3 2.ConcreteFrame Construction 3 2.1.Typical Design and Construction Process 3 2.2.Material Properties 4 2.3.Advantages and Disadvantages 4 2.4.Examples of Buildings 6 3.Steel Frame Construction 6 3.1.Typical Design and Construction Process 6 3.2.Material Properties 7 3.3.Advantages and Disadvantages 8 3.4.Examples of Buildings 9 4.Timber Frame Construction 9 4.1.Typical Design and Construction Process 9 4.2.Material Properties 10 4.3.Advantages and Disadvantages 10 4.4.Examples of Buildings 11 5.Limit State Design Methodology 12 6.Structural Effects of Fire on Steel Framed Buildings 15 7.Bibliography 22 1. Introduction Framing is widely used... as a...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

Framing in New Social Movements

...?Framing in New Social Movements Societal changes are brought about by efforts by specific group of individuals who sense an inconsistency in the s and conduct of certain societal institutions. The urge to implement a change in attitude gives rise to the formation of several social movements. The formation of movement was influenced by the notion of the group theorist that the view, aspirations, and struggles in the society are best achieved collectively. This view has been the rationale behind the formation of several political parties, pressure group, unions, and civil groups. Movement is a form of association or forum created by individuals in the society to confront certain social issues and propose new ways by which...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Media Framing - Looking at the Occupy Movement

...?Media Framing and Social Movements in the Digital Age: The Case of Occupy This study is aimed at examining the manner in which 'The OccupyMovement' was framed in the mass media and analyse the impact and implications of the same. Communication theories such as the Framing theory and the cultivation theory (also referred to as the theory of story-telling) are researched to provide a theoretical foundation to the study and understand it from a broader perspective. Various alternative sources of media such as YouTube and generic internet blogs were reviewed along with mainstream media sources such as television and print...
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review

Animal Rights Movement

...Chinese Cat cages (Fig http Attractive Female (Fig. 2) http Anthropomorphization (Fig. 3) The above pictures are ones used by animal rights activists to further their cause which includes but is not limited to the ending of inhumane practices and/or the ending of human consumption of animal products. Each frames the issue of animal rights by employing different techniques aimed at grabbing the attention of the audience and influencing its opinion. In Figure 1 there are displayed several cats crammed into a cage. The intent... is to...
1 Pages(250 words)Speech or Presentation

Genetically Modified Crops and Framing

...Genetically Modified Crops and Framing As the suggests, genetically modified foods are obtained by manipulating genes. The DNA is the structure that contains the genes. One of the biggest breakthroughs in science was the discovery of the DNA in 1953 by James Watson and Francis Crick. The scientific research paper that they presented in the journal Nature, they pushed the boundaries of possibility farther, and what was considered to be fiction was now being viewed in a completely different light. A DNA is a double helix and is made up of sequences of nucleotides. Specific arrangements of these nucleotides give rise to different genes. Having knowledge of the structure of the DNA gave biologists insight into the processes...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

News framing

...History and Political Science News Framing The media report had been taking an important role in informing the citizens about the contemporary events all over the world. The efforts in reporting have; however, taken different strides in the way the news is exposed to the audience. This prompts the readers to get the information from not less than two media in order to get the actuality of the news reported. To justify the argument, the paper analyzes the three media outlets on the story of sequestration. The New Republic reported that the sequestration isn’t scary, while Fox News says Obama and his team struggled with the accuracy when explaining the impacts of sequester cut. The PBS Newshour reported that, there were...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Framing, persuasion, and emotions

.... The researchers placed emphasis on the need for advanced research in an effort to identify the frameworks that explain the different persuasive effects of gain and loss framing. Seo and Shen also explored the need to combine visual images with a persuasive message. They highlighted that visual imagery combined with framing registers a high level of persuasion. These authors highlighted the exemplification theory is of critical importance in explaining how a mediating mechanism does exist between an image and the persuasive outcome. In addition, the authors highlighted that the duo coding theory is of critical importance in understanding how verbal and nonverbal mental systems encode information gained from the interaction... ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Cognitive Framing Theory and Spiral or Silence

...Cognitive Framing Theory and Spiral of Silence Theory Cognitive Framing Theory Cognitive framing explains human behaviors.It argues that the human brain responds to unconscious structures or frames to decimate decisions and other actions. For example, frames may include individual roles or relations among different roles to other frames. For instance, a school frame would include all that happens in school from the roles of the head teacher, teachers, and students. Moreover, the relations among all the stakeholders such as the government and parents comprise the ‘schemas’...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Framing Theory for FREE!

Contact Us