Opinion paper - Essay Example

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Speech is one of the aspects of communication. It is actually the verbal means of communicating and involves articulation of voice and fluency. However, speech communication qualifies to feature in schools and at home to develop speech and…
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Intelligibility of Periodically Interrupted Speech in Speech Communication Communication takes different forms. Speech is one of the aspects of communication. It is actually the verbal means of communicating and involves articulation of voice and fluency. However, speech communication qualifies to feature in schools and at home to develop speech and equip the children with better communication skills. Disorders associated with speech communication include physical disabilities, voice disorders, and brain capacity. Hence, the quality of the teachers offering speech communication lessons and health status of a student is a point of concern. Speech features in interpersonal communication, organizational communication, group communication, and public speaking. A good speech is audible and clear. However, the human auditory system can understand speech in adverse conditions. This paper will focus on the intelligibility of periodically interrupted speech in speech communication. The paper will, rely on a research study, “Effects of low-pass filtering on intelligibility of periodically interrupted speech,” by Pranesh Bhargavaa and Deniz Başkent. The paper will focus on audibility, effect of audibility on perception of interrupted speech and factors causing reduced intelligibility of interrupted speech with hearing impairment as analyzed in the study.
The study involved use of meaningful Dutch sentences on eight young undergraduate Dutch native students of both genders. The sentences were low-pass filtered and were left uninterrupted, or were interrupted by modulating with a periodic square wave. The listeners were then supposed to listen and repeat verbally what they have heard (Bhargavaa and Başkenta Web). Audibility of any speech is very necessary in communication. One needs to hear clearly in order to interpret reasonably. Biologically, the ability to speak and hear clearly seems to depreciate with age. However, other biological and general factors can affect the audibility of an individual’s speech like diseases and physical disabilities. According to the results drawn from the study, slow interruption rates reduced speech intelligibility. However, there was no effect of the fast interruption rate without the interruptions. There was no effect of low pass filtering on the speech intelligibility except on the lowest cut-off frequency and the highest filter orders. It was also observed that the increase of the filter order, decreased intelligibility of speech (Bhargavaa and Başkenta Web).
Concerning the factors that cause the poor intelligibility of interrupted speech in hearing impaired, no research has come up with conclusive answers. However, it is worth noting that speech interrupted with periodic silent intervals remains highly intelligible. Slower interruption rates affects intelligibility of interrupted speech in both the normal hearing people and the hearing impaired. However, the performance of hearing impaired listeners is always lower at all interruption rates. This fact limits the poor intelligibility of interrupted speech in hearing impaired to other factors like cognitive factors or auditory components (Bhargavaa and Başkenta Web).
We can conclude that effect of low-pass filtering and temporal interruption on speech was our main concern. However, it is evident that low-pass filtering alone has little effect on the intelligibility of uninterrupted speech. The effect of interruption alone was clear at the lowest LP conditions. Additionally, the understanding of linguistic context is essential in to restoring words, while understanding the context words is a role articulated by bottom-up auditory cues. Thus, loss of intelligibility of interrupted speech relies on audibility of high frequency components. More research on speech and communication ought to take place in order to determine effectively the factors of speech in all areas. I equally recognize speech as a fundamental tool of communication.
Works Cited
Bhargavaa, Pranesh and Başkenta, Deniz “Effects of low-pass filtering on intelligibility of periodically interrupted speech” Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.2012. Web 23, February 2012. Read More
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