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Ontology and Epistemology: My Beliefs - Essay Example

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In this essay “Ontology and Epistemology: My Beliefs” the author will talk about two important ways of studying a phenomenon in reality. He will talk about ontology and its direct, objective approach to studying an entity, and epistemology…
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Ontology and Epistemology: My Beliefs
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Download file to see previous pages I am holding a flower.The flower I am holding is a rose.The thorns are pointy and can pierce my skin.These are all ontological notions. Therefore, Ontology is the recognition and classification of an entity that exists and its constituent parts.EpistemologyEpistemology on the other hand, is the study of knowledge. It questions what a person knows, how he knows what he knows, and how much a person can know about something. Some philosophers believe that knowledge is a “True Belief” that has “Justification”. So the three components of knowledge are that it should be true, the person with the knowledge must believe it is true, and there should be proof or justification that it is true (Sahakian and Sahakian). If epistemology is about knowledge, this is how they look at the situation:I KNOW it is a flower because all flowers have a stem, a stalk, leaves and a bunch of petals on the tip. This is true because it is consistent with other flowers that also have the same characteristics.I KNOW it is in my hand because I can feel it and see it in my hand. This is true under the correspondence theory of truth and Naive Realism.I KNOW it is a rose because I was taught by my teacher that this is what a rose looks like. This is true under the criteria of authority.I KNOW that the thorns can pierce my skin because pointy objects can pierce my skin. Belief is simpler. It is what can potentially be knowledge if it is found to be true and justified....
This is true because it is consistent with other flowers that also have the same characteristics. I KNOW it is in my hand because I can feel it and see it in my hand. This is true under the correspondence theory of truth and Naive Realism. I KNOW it is a rose because I was taught by my teacher that this is what a rose looks like. This is true under the criteria of authority. I KNOW that the thorns can pierce my skin because pointy objects can pierce my skin. This is true under Consensus Gentium. All these things are considered knowledge because I believe that they are as they are, and my beliefs are proven to be true because the justification satisfies the criteria of truth. Satisfying the criteria of truth is needed to justify a proposition. There are many criteria for truth, some of which are valid, and others are not. These criteria are all valid or invalid to certain extents. Belief Belief is simpler. It is what can potentially be knowledge if it is found to be true and justified. What a person believes is not necessarily the truth but belief alone is not considered as knowledge. People believe something in the hopes that it would explain phenomena that happen in their everyday life. Beliefs are proposed truths to be subjected to justification that are used to answer questions about reality. Some things I believe in are doing good, being well rounded, putting effort and God. Doing Good My first belief is that when you do well, good will come to you and makes you a happier person. I have realized that I cannot truly be a happy person unless I feel as I have done some good in the world. When I first entered high school in the 9th grade, there was a lot of talk about extra curriculum activities and charity work. We even had an entire ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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