Nobody downloaded yet

Theories and Models of Journalism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Harris Kamran Journalism and Mass Media Analytical Paper 17 January 2012 Theories and models of journalism and mass communication The paper purports to discuss two theories related to journalism and mass media, namely the theory of the spiral of silence, and the political-economic theory…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Theories and Models of Journalism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Theories and Models of Journalism"

Download file to see previous pages The theory of the spiral of silence was proposed by Neumann in 1974 (Spiral of silence, 2010). Through this theory, she attempted to examine the reasons for the misjudgment of the Germans towards their political leaders and political positions, and felt she could find a reason for the support of the Germans for such political positions as would result in their social degradation and humiliation (Spiral of silence, 2010). This theory essentially concerns itself with public opinion and the expression of that opinion. It claims that the expression of public opinion is dependent on three factors, which basically form the psychological basis of the general public: the public has a sixth sense about popular beliefs and the direction of opinion without having access to any official reports (Spiral of silence, 2010); they are fearful of being neglected and socially isolated (Spiral of silence, 2010); and due to this fear, they are very reserved when it comes to expressing minority beliefs and opinions, choosing rather to remain quiet or change their opinion towards the popular form than to adhere to their minority opinions (Spiral of silence, 2010). Banking on these three factors, the mass media tends to direct the public opinion towards a specific direction, favoring a specific side to an issue. Therefore, it is not necessary that whatever the media depicts is true of the general opinion. Moreover, some people might actually base their opinions on what the mass media is projecting (Spiral of silence, 2010). The other theory to be considered is the theory of political economy, or as it is more recently known, the International Political Economy (Timimi, 2010). This theory basically explains the relationship between economics and politics, and the way economics is handled across borders on an international level between states and nations in terms of trade and social sciences (Timimi, 2010). However, recently, this theory has also been applied to the mass media and journalism when it was felt that the mass media was playing a very important role, and somewhat beyond its perceived area of operation, in portraying the interests and supporting the cause of a certain group in the national politics (McChesney, 1989). Although it is believed that the media is supposed to be autonomous and unbiased, depicting the truth as it is, it is often felt that the actual case is somewhat different, in that the media is inclined towards the ruling elite, and favors their agenda (McChesney, 1989). This is in no way an accusation of a conspiracy theory being played by the media (McChesney, 1989); it is just an analysis of the bias and inclination that the media tends to have towards a certain agenda or political party, and therefore, influences the public opinion by projecting in favor of that party (McChesney, 1989). For the purpose of analysis and application of these theories, the online version of the Daily Times has been discussed in light of these two theories. First the homepage will be analyzed, and then two articles linked to the homepage will be examined. The homepage of the Daily Times, dated January 4, 2012, contains the headlines about the decision of the Prime Minister of Pakistan regarding the creation of new provinces. It also has links to articles that fuel the current and ongoing struggle between the three main political parties of the region for the upcoming elections (Daily Times, 2012). The spiral of silence theorists might object to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Theories and Models of Journalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1441262-theories-and-models
(Theories and Models of Journalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1441262-theories-and-models.
“Theories and Models of Journalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/journalism-communication/1441262-theories-and-models.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Theories and Models of Journalism

Theories and Models of Communication

... Task Theories and Models of Communication Introduction Communication theory describes the area of information as well as mathematics that evaluate the technical procedure of information. It also describes the human procedure of human communication. Interpretive approach provides novel comprehension into the human situation. Researchers seek to get novel comprehension by evaluating the activity that they refer as distinctly human. This is symbolic communication. This approach encompasses evaluating a certain exemplar of the speech community that depicts a certain lingo style. It is an effective technique of communication since it helps create a comprehension of local information or affiliates’ distinct rules for interrelationships... save...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Learning Models and Theories

...Learning Models and Theories The process of acquiring knowledge is unique in every individual. The learning process defines how an individual acquires knowledge. As such, various psychologists have designed relevant learning theories that seek to define how people learn. The learning theories conceptualize the framework, which define the process of absorbing, processing, and retaining information during the learning process (Lefrançois, 2011). The most common learning models and theories include the classical conditioning theory, operant conditioning theory, sociocultural theory, observational learning, social learning theory, reinforcement theory, and constructivist-learning model. These theories also guide the teaching process... . This...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR THEORIES OR MODELS

...? ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR THEORIES OR MODELS Organizational Behavior Theories or Models The attitudes and behaviors of individuals and groups in organization an organization is generally categorized under the label of organizational behavior. An organization communicates with its stakeholders through its employees. In other words, an organization is a lifeless entity and the employees are responsible for providing life to the organization. Modern organizations are operating cross culturally and they are keen in keeping a diverse workforce as a measure to increase competitive power. Diverse individuals or employees behave differently and hence the organizational behavior...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Journalism

...words, the television news media does strengthen the assessment that "news is what journalists and the media they work for say it is", through the evidence presented by its one-sided, biased and politically angled news content. Further on the theoretical side, new perspective on journalistic practices is offered by such concepts as Communitarian Journalism. What follows is a discussion of its implications for press theory and practice. The term and concept of 'communitarianism' has appeared regularly in recent discourses on the subjects of political theory, social philosophy and press theory. Scholarship in the recent decade is not conclusive about the philosophical...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Journalism

...Journalism and the Internet Without a doubt, the role of technology has been immense within the different fields of life for a long period of time now. It does not cause much commotion when one understands the role of technology within the field of journalism. It is a fact that a proper use of language does have a long-lasting impact on the minds of the audience. The role of Internet, coming from the domains of technology is something that needs to be understood properly within the studies related with journalism. This is because Internet has, of late, played a quintessential role in the journalism ranks. Internet has helped develop the speed with which reports get fed in...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Political socialisation (models and theories)

...Development Theories of Political Socialization and Political socialization is a process in which human beings acquire various behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs from when they are born until when they die. This means that the political ideologies and beliefs of individuals may vary throughout their lifetime. The variation of beliefs is caused by the interaction of individuals with different socialization agents throughout their life. These agents include the government, media, family, friends, and social class. This essay will discuss the various theories of development that determine how the process of political socialization takes place. The hypotheses include moral development, life course, and gender...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Coaching Theories and Models

...Coaching Theories and Models: GROW and Contingency Models The organizational management requires strategies to coach their teams so that they can enhance their productivity. It requires good leadership for employees to feel motivated and be able to productively engage in meeting the objectives of the organization. It is a requirement for the managers to coach their employees. The success of a coach is dependent on the type of model of coaching they have embraced. While it may be argued that, the most important aspect in coaching is the communication between the coach (manager) and the employee (Chiaramonte & Higgins, 1993). An understanding of the particular needs of an employee and diagnosing them appropriately is one of the most... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Journalism

... Journalism Reading The reading is about the communicative nature of Twitter in spreading of messages. Twitter is one of the fastest growing social media communication platform with the ability to cover events happening instantly. Therefore, it plays a significant role in informing the public about events takings place in an area. The reading is very significant in the contemporary world since communication is fundamental in everyday life. The use of social media platforms in communication makes it easy for a number of people to access critical information. Twitter accounts are free to open and working with it is utterly easy. The reason behind the easy usage of twitter accounts to spread messages fast if the features that it has... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Models Comparison of Learning Theories

...to understand the psychology behind observation. His conclusions led to the development of the social cognitive theory. Through the findings, he established that modelling was an important aspect in the acquisition of morally desirable behavior. Through further research, Bandura (1977) established that not only were social behaviors acquired but also they have a cognitive perspective. He concluded that cognitive processes played a pivotal role in learning. Therefore, this behavioral theory takes a cognitive perspective. Weiner has argued through the attribution theory that people have a desire to explain the cause of behaviors. This theory takes a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Theories And Models Of Learning

...as it occurs and the founder of this theory is Abraham Maslow. Humanism advocates for the individual to be the focus of learning where he develops autonomy has goals and attach importance to what they are studying. Although humanism is not as scientific as the rest of the theories, it gives a responsive strategy to the thought processes of human beings. It also gives the differences in human beings in what they experience in the learning process. Humanism is common with motivation theorists as opposed to human theorists. The most common strategy of describing and managing education and learning today relies on the product model. The teacher or educator comes up with objectives, draws...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Theories and Models of Journalism for FREE!

Contact Us