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Network Neutrality Principle - Coursework Example

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In the essay “Network Neutrality Principle” the author discusses the general goal of network neutrality or net neutrality, which is to create an equally accessible, non-discriminatory and global Internet in which users can connect with other individuals and information without interference…
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Network Neutrality Principle
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Extract of sample "Network Neutrality Principle"

Download file to see previous pages In essence, net neutrality opponents argue that ISPs should be able to prioritize data packets. The least discriminatory action is to only use prioritization when the router is overcapacity, therefore under normal circumstances, packets would not be inconvenienced. Some ISPs design their routers to prioritize packets at all times, which would allow higher priority packets to be delivered before lower priority ones, therefore creating a time delay for the user even when the buffer memory is under capacity. Another form of discrimination occurs when ISPs divides the network’s capacity into high priority “lanes” and low priority “lanes,” which translates to packets experiencing delays if its own lane is overcapacity and the other lanes are under capacity.
Prioritizing packets is one of several aspects of Quality of Service (QoS), which is a technical term that describes the quality of communication that an application receives from the ISPs. With the introduction of real-time applications and activities, such as streaming video or online gaming, the need arises for increased QoS metrics. Real-time applications are time sensitive; therefore it is useless to recover extremely delayed or lost packets. The QoS metrics for real-time applications are end-to-end delay bounds and packet drop rates; an end-to-end delay bound is the maximum end-to-end delay that an application expects from the network, and a packet drop rate is the percentage of the packets that are lost due to full buffers or by failing to meet the end-to-end delay bound. If the network is not meeting the application’s QoS requirements, then the application may become useless as quality communication is not ensured for its user. For example, if a viewer is watching a video on YouTube and the video plays for a few seconds, then stops to buffer, then restarts for a few more seconds and again stops to buffer, then the QoS is not met. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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