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Information Policy - Essay Example

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According to Cobb (2012), sixty-eight percent of people in America have never had any training on protecting their computers and personal information. Sixty-four percent had not received any computer security training from their employer, and 4% did not even remember if they had…
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Information Policy Information Policy Question According to Cobb , sixty-eight percent of people in America have neverhad any training on protecting their computers and personal information. Sixty-four percent had not received any computer security training from their employer, and 4% did not even remember if they had received any such training. The statistics clearly indicate a lack of sufficient awareness and training on cyber security in the United States. Employers and the state should create awareness programs on cyber safety and ISP required to communicate cyber safety issues to their customers
Making cyber security training such as annual information assurance mandatory for all is not feasible. Institutions such as military should make it necessary as any information in the military is sensitive to national security. However, not all information is that sensitive. For example, access to class notes would not require such training as it would not pose a security threat. Such pieces of training whether in the workplace or by internet service providers might not be possible because of the hyped number of users and the costs involved.
When a cyber-attack occurs, the cost of the breach is felt by the consumer, of computer-based service (Steven, Bucci, Rosenzweig & Inserra, 2013). The ISP and manufacturers of the software are not liable for the attack as per their contractual agreements. Most individuals due to lack of cyber security awareness tend to rely on antivirus protection applications. The software is for sale, and consumers who want security are encouraged to purchase them. Depending on the contractual agreements, antivirus providers can be sued if a malware commit a cyber-crime they claim they can prevent.
Question 2
For a stable and secure internet, three web characteristics must be preserved. The characteristics are permissionless innovation, collaboration and open access (Contreras, DeNardis & Teplinsky, 2013). ISPS, therefore, have a duty to ensure they preserve the above characteristics while providing that public access does not involve a breach of other people’s privacy. They should act when a violation of privacy occurs.
According to Wired (2015), ISPs should search and shut off internet access to compromised PCs reported to them by cyber security companies. ISPs should ensure their subscribers are protected. One of the measures they should take is to blacklist a computer and users who use their Internet to commit unethical practices. ISPs should also share the information with other ISPs to ensure the dishonest users are blacklisted on their ISPs too.
Customers should be allowed to sue an ISP for cyber-attacks but only in some instances. One instance when ISPs should be sued is when a cyber-security company has issued them with information about a user or computer that performs cybercrime. If the ISP does not blacklist the user or computer, and the user or computer carries out cybercrime, then the ISP should be sued for negligence.
Question 3
A multi-stakeholder governance of internet between government, civil societies, and private sector is necessary to preserve the internet (Contreras, DeNardis & Teplinsky, 2013). The role of the internet as a shared resources and it architectural blurring of time and space provides unique challenges for internet governance. Therefore, as President Obama indicated there must be a multi-stakeholder partnership to deal with the challenges.
Internet neutrality or open internet if allowed would enable users to access the internet without interference from the government and network interference, and allow network operators to transmit content and applications deemed illegal without any liability. Although an open internet would clearly eliminate the digital divide, it would create a lot of unethical practices. Some level of internet governance incorporating all stakeholders should be used. (Deibert & Nishitisha, 2012)
References
 Cobb, S. (2012). Study finds 90 percent have no recent cybersecurity training. We Live Security. Retrieved 9 June 2015, from http://www.welivesecurity.com/2012/10/10/study-finds-90-percent-have-no-recent-cybersecurity-training/
Contreras, J., DeNardis, L., & Teplinsky, M. (2013). Mapping Todays Cybersecurity Landscape. American University Law Review, 62(5), 1114-1130. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.wcl.american.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1883&context=aulr
Deibert, R., & Nishitisha, M. (2012). Global Governance and the Spread of Cyberspace Controls.Global Governance, 19(2012), 239-361. Retrieved from https://citizenlab.org/cybernorms2012/governance.pdf
Steven P., Bucci, P., Rosenzweig, P., & Inserra, D. (2013). A Congressional Guide: Seven Steps to U.S. Security, Prosperity, and Freedom in Cyberspace. The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 9 June 2015, from http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/04/a-congressional-guide-seven-steps-to-us-security-prosperity-and-freedom-in-cyberspace
Wired. (2015). Desperate Botnet Battlers Call for an Internet Drivers License. Retrieved 9 June 2015, from http://archive.wired.com/politics/security/news/2007/06/bot_strategy Read More
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