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9). This technology would later evolve to calculators and then primitive forms of computers. The first computer is believed to be the United States Army’s Ballistic Research Laboratory ENIAC, which was developed in 1946. This machine was extremely large and would evolve into more widely functional forms of computer technology, as vacuum tube machines gave way to transistor-based machines. Still, it wasn’t until the late 1970s and early 1980s that the modern computer emerged. The emergence of modern computer technology was allowed by a number of hardware developments. In these regards, “the development of integrated circuit technology, and the later development of microprocessors, allowed the previously bulky and cumbersome dimensions of computer technology to be streamlined and formed into the personal home computer” (Lavington, p. 98). In addition to these hardware components, the main historical shift between traditional computer technology and the modern computer has been identified as the ability of modern computers to be programmed. While this is a nebulous concept, the main understanding is that an individual is able to tell a modern computer to process a task and it will be able to carry out the command. Ultimately, these advancements in computer hardware technology have allowed the contemporary pervasive influence of computer technology.
While the development of computer hardware is primarily essential to the evolution of computer technology, software developments have made significant contributions. Perhaps the first computer software program was proposed by philosopher Alan Turing. John Turkey first used the term ‘software’ itself in 1958. In terms of the actual development of computer software, the first emergence occurred in 1946 with the ENIAC Army computer. In terms of software development, two major contributors in the late 20th century were IBM and Bill Gates. The 1980s
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In particular, memory subsystems require sophisticated data management to maximize locality of data and to optimize load-balancing. Metacomputing approach should make large scale computing more efficient and cost-effective, with special interest given to the problems generally called Grand Challenges.
In 1617, John Napier invented logarithms, which allow multiplication to be done via addition. He also invented the Napier's Bones for using the logarithms in a more practical way. That invention led to the invention of the slide rule, which was built in England in 1632.
There are many benefits that organizations can gain through standardisation. Ease of administration, reduced costs, end user convenience and overall network stability are the main benefits. (Schweitzer)
Network administration can become a lot easier due to the reduced complexity.
Personal computer cannot be regarded to be a complete machine unless the hardware, operating systems and software are not completely installed on it. The hardware is the backbones of any machine including personal computers. It includes memory sets such as the RAM, BIOS, Serial busses, mother board as well as hard drives (Tyson, and Coustan, 2005, p.
As far as inventory cycle is concerned, it requires the information that is associated with the inventory value, quantity ant timing. The information related with the quantity in hand, quantity on order, quantity on receiving department along with location and time is needed to be shared between other accounting cycles
The languages used to operate the machine are called software.
As explained earlier, software is a method of transfer of instructions from men to their machines, or computers. At the same time, this has to be written in special language and plain English is not good enough, and software experts are required to write down these instructions.
Two types of software are available systems software and applications software. System software interacts with the computer at a very basic level and is consists of low-level. Operating systems such as Microsoft Windows XP, Windows Vista are system
The author considers the accounting activity in steps. The first step was to make a record based on time. This was referred to as journalizing a transaction. Next was the posting of the transactions. This was the moving of the information into grouping areas called accounts. It was then necessary to move to the reporting cycle.